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Salva Divinorum and Other Psychoactive Plants from Mexico

Updated on March 12, 2011

Hallucinogenic plants have existed since the beginning of time. The psychoactive properties of these plants were often known to early inhabitants, but were not documented until the 1800s and early 1900s. Salvia divinorum is a psychoactive plant that has gained increased popularity in modern culture. The plant is native to Oaxaca, Mexico, but there are also several other plants native to this region that are known for the hallucinogenic effects.

Salvia Divinorum

Also known as Diviner’s sage or Ska Pastora, salvia has been used all over the world, and is now cultivated in many countries. The plant can grow to three feet tall, and is found natively in black soils near creek beds that are accompanied by abundant amounts of shade. Salvia is a flowering plant that often blooms late in the season, when daylight hours are reduced to less than 12 hours a day. The leaves of the plant contain psychoactive compounds, and are often smoked to induce short-term hallucinogenic effects.

Psilocybin Mushrooms

There are numerous varieties of mushrooms that contain psilocybin, and these popular fungi are found throughout many parts of Mexico, as well as the southwestern portions of the United States. Psilocybin mushrooms are plentiful and naturally-occurring, so there is usually no need for cultivation. The abundance of these psychoactive mushrooms makes them the most popular and commonly available natural psychedelics. Over 180 different species of mushrooms have been identified that contain psilocybin or psilocin, which are potent hallucinogenic compounds.


Peyote is best-known for its widespread use as a psychedelic compound among numerous Native American tribes. Peyote buttons have been harvested and used by native peoples of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States for hundreds of years, often serving as a part of religious ceremonies and rituals. Peyote is a spineless cactus that grows close to the ground in arid climates of the western world. The primary active compound in peyote is mescaline, which is known for its psychedelic attributes.


Solandra is classified as more of a deliriant rather than an actual psychedelic, but the plant is more than capable of inducing hallucinations and delusions. Solandra is another plant compound that has been used in Native American rituals and ceremonies for hundreds of years, although it is much less commonly used today. The yellow vine has also been associated with sorcery.

Morning Glory

While morning glory seeds are commonly propagated as ornamentals throughout much of the United States, the plant is regarded as a nuisance weed in much of Mexico. Still, the morning glory also has an extensive early history of being used as a psychedelic in many native rituals. The black seeds of the plant contain LSA, a semi-potent hallucinogenic compound.


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