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Basic First Aid Tips Everyone Should Know

Updated on November 2, 2014
peachpurple profile image

Peachpurple writes review products and apps. Likes to test and share opinions with readers.

Day 8, HUB # 8

My bloody finger
My bloody finger | Source

Update Yourself

Childhood injuries are unavoidable but we could take precaution measures to prevent injuries from happening.

When your child had a fall and scraped his knee, how do you treat it at home? Have you update yourself the new First Aid methods? Since old folks First Aid advice are not useful and outdated, we should learn to accept new knowledge from people with medical experiences such as nurses, doctors and paediatricians on how to treat our children most common injuries, so that they will heal quickly and keep them safe and sound.

Here are 4 common injuries that often happens at home and at work and these are the differences between the old and the new First Aid tips you should know.

1. Minor Cuts and Scrapes

Old method:

Wash the cut with tap water, soak cotton wool with hydrogen peroxide and dab over the cuts. Don’t bandage it, so that air can heal the wound faster.

New Method:

  • Wash the scraped or small cuts with soap and warm water. Rinse off the soap with plenty of clear water.
  • Make sure there is nothing stuck or embedded in the cuts. Sometimes, if a child had a nasty fall on the road, dirt and small particles of stones can become embedded in the wound. If these particles are left in, infection will develop and permanent scar on the skin will occur too.
  • Hence, use a clean handkerchief or towel to scrub or brush off the small particles out of the wound, even if the child would scream in pain.
  • Hydrogen peroxide destroys the white blood cells that help the wound to recover faster. Therefore, it can actually slow down the healing process.
  • The best method is to use any anti-biotic ointment that you can get at the pharmacy stores. A minor abrasion or any break in the skin surface will allow viruses and bacteria to attack the wound. After you have applied antibiotic ointment on the cleaned wound, it is consider done and will start to heal on its own in a day or two.
  • Bandaging is optional as the child would rather have the bandage on to ease his fear of pain. Put on the bandage if the wound is big that bleeds easily or the wound might accidentally rub against his clothes. Remember to change the bandage daily in order to discard the excess bleeding.

What do you do when your child has deep cuts?

See results

Learn from the Professional

Dos' and Don't

Do not use tourniquet
Do not use tourniquet
Apply gauze on deep cuts
Apply gauze on deep cuts | Source
Place ice pack on wound to slow down bleeding
Place ice pack on wound to slow down bleeding | Source

2. Severe Bleeding or Deep Cuts

Old method:

Apply a tourniquet ( a device for stopping bleeding by twisting something tightly against the artery) to stop severe bleeding.

New method:

  • Do not use a tourniquet because it will cease blood circulation not just to the severe bleeding area but to the whole limb. Furthermore, it can cause severe damage to all the tissues that don’t receive enough blood supply.
  • The correct way to control severe bleeding or deep cuts is with direct pressure. If the injury is on the arm or leg, apply sterile gauze pads to the wound and press down firmly for at least 5-10min. Don’t remove the pads even if the gauze pads are soaked with blood.
  • The reason is, it may interrupt the clotting process. Therefore, apply more gauze pads on top and continue to hold them in place. Then, wrap the gauze with bandage cloth to provide more pressure. Remember to make sure to raise the wound higher than the heart.
  • Place an ice pack on top of the dressing because it will cause the vein to become tight or narrow. In this way, it will help to slow down the blood loss. If the severe bleeding does not cease after 5-10min, bring the child to the hospital for further dressing.
  • For injury on the child’s body, call the ambulance at once and quickly cover the wound with gauze pads while waiting for the help assistants arrive.
  • If you couldn’t find any sterile dressing or gauze pads at that critical time, cover the wound with a plastic bag, a piece of plastic wrap or latex glove. Remember to leave one corner loose.
  • This is to keep the air away from the wound when the child breathes in and less air escapes when he exhales. A punctured wound caused by sharp object may cause sucking chest wound that will lead to breathing difficulty to the child.

Diagram shows how you should hold your nose to stop the bleeding
Diagram shows how you should hold your nose to stop the bleeding | Source
Ice cubes help to cease nose bleeding
Ice cubes help to cease nose bleeding

3. Nose Bleeds

Old method:

Tilt the child’s head back, pinch his nostrils close and apply an ice pack to stop the bleeding.

New method:

  • Tilt your child’s head upright or move it forward slightly. It is incorrect to tilt the head back because it allows the blood to flow down to the throat, which may result to choking or vomiting. Pinch the bridge of the nose, just below the nose bone for 15min.
  • Apply a cold ice cube in the mouth, under the upper lip. However, most kids couldn’t stand the cold pressure. The truth is, with the cold ice cube, it will help to slow down the blood flow to the nose.
  • If the child’s nose bleeds was caused by a hard hit object such as a ball, apply cold ice cube to the bridge of the nose to reduce the swelling.
  • Alternatively, if your child couldn’t tolerate the cold pressure, spread out a thin towel and put the ice cubes in the middle. Wrap up the towel and apply to the upper lip or nose bridge

Keep water running on burn or scalded body parts
Keep water running on burn or scalded body parts | Source

4. Burns

Old method:

Dab butter, toothpaste or petroleum jelly on to the burnt skin. Hold ice cube against the burn area and then apply antiseptic spray or cream.

New method:

  • It is not wise to use butter or petroleum jelly because they keep heat inside the skin. Hence, the burns will worsen with inflammation. Ice cube and toothpaste will freeze the blood and damage the skin tissue.
  • The correct way is to remove any clothing at the burnt area. You do not want any clothing stick to the skin, right? Next, quickly put the burnt area under cold running tap water for 5-10min. If the burnt was caused by a chemical, the water will wash it off soon. If the pain is still there, continue running under the cold tap water for another 20-30min.
  • Do not apply any anti-septic spray or cream because they may create allergy to the child. Just apply an anti-biotic cream to the burnt area and cover it with dry bandage or handyplast.
  • If the skin open blisters, take the child to the doctor immediately for further medication.

Do the Right Thing

© 2012 peachy


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    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      you are welcome

    • HaylieAnn profile image


      7 years ago from Alaska

      I know I will need these when my baby gets a little older! thank you.

    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Home Sweet Home



    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 

      8 years ago from Germany

      Thanks for sharing this very informative hub. Voted up and useful!

    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Home Sweet Home


      Thank you for yr kind comments

    • carolina muscle profile image

      carolina muscle 

      8 years ago from Charlotte, North Carolina

      good first aid tips !!!

    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Home Sweet Home


      Most parents still stick to old methods, brought down by generations. It's good to update for faster healing process.


      I do agree, especially children. Their skin and wounds are delicate.

    • Vintagetreasures profile image


      9 years ago

      Excellent hub! It's always a good idea to periodically review first aid methods for updates, especially if you have children or work with them.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Useful hub, one tends to go for the old methods and not stop to think whether it is a good method. Thanks for an informative hub that is practical and useful.

    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      @ib radmasters



      Thanks guys. I really appreciate your comments.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Thank you so much, it's good to know new methods for handling injuries.

    • RunningDeer profile image


      9 years ago from Iowa

      I don't have any kids yet, but I am arguably one of the clumsiest people in the world. Accidents seem to occur often. This is good advice for anyone, including klutz like me! Thanks for sharing!

    • ib radmasters profile image

      Brad Masters 

      9 years ago from Southern California


      Thanks for the update, they make sense with the explanations that you have provided with them.

    • peachpurple profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      @Diane Lee

      Thanks for reading. Yup, everyone should know the latest tips.


      Thanks. I was surprised that tourniquet was the wrong method too. Glad I found out the truth.


      Thanks. Glad that you like the article.

    • sgbrown profile image

      Sheila Brown 

      9 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

      There are always advances in medicine and we should keep ourselves updated. Excellent information. Voted up and useful!

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 

      9 years ago from Arizona

      Thanks for sharing this information. Still lost in the dark ages. Things change. I am voting up and sharing.

    • Diana Lee profile image

      Diana L Pierce 

      9 years ago from Potter County, Pa.

      This a very useful hub. It's something everyone should know. Voted up.


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