Types Of Autism
Autism is a developmental neurological disorder which includes symptoms such as impaired social interaction and inability to properly communicate either verbally or non verbally. Basically autism is a broader term which includes many other developmental disorders.
The term autism is applied to the general developmental disability which is diagnosed at the early stages of childhood. If we give a closer look to this disorder we discover that autism has different types with different levels of severity and different symptoms. Below are the five main types of Autism:
These children have a problem adjusting to changes and do not like a change in routine. Due to this at the very early stage this disorder is often confused with obsessive compulsive disorder.
The child suffering from Asperger’s disorder also suffers from a learning disability. They also have underdeveloped motor skills due to which they are usually clumsy. In most cases the child also develops a special sensitivity towards bright lights and loud sounds.
Although these kids may have a disability they usually have an exceptional intelligence, having a talent they excel at. As these kids grow up, if they are treated well, they may be develop their communication skills and learn to interact socially.
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Kanner's Syndrome Or Classic Autism
Classic autism or Kanner's Syndrome was described and studied it in the 1930s and by Dr. Kanner. This type of autism is perhaps the most severe of all the types of autism. In this disorder the child suffering has a severe disability to communicate and socially interact.
Usually children suffering from classic autism never learn to speak and even if they do they can never speak fluently. A child suffering from classic autism has a very limited emotional connection with anyone and lives in his own world.
He wants everything in a same order and can not bear a change in routine. Other than that the child is also deeply affected by strong smells, bright lights and loud sounds.
This disorder has no cure, treatment may help a little, but usually it remains throughout the life of a person.
Rett’s syndrome is comparatively a lesser known and an extremely severe type of autism. This type of autism is found only in females. The early symptoms of Rett’s syndrome include: loss of muscle tone, problem in crawling or walking and an improper eye contact.
Later as these females grow up they stop using their hands to do normal things and instead start doing abnormal hand gestures such as clapping and patting their hands. These girls also have the inability to perform motor functions.
These females appear to be normal when they are born but as they grow up, they start to lose their basic skills and as they grow further they completely lose their ability to properly communicate, interact socially and they also lose their ability to perform normal tasks.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
This disorder is also a rare form of autism just like Rett’s syndrome.
The children suffering from this disorder appear to be perfectly normal in the beginning; the symptoms start to appear between the age of 2 and 4.
The child starts to lose his motor skills, starts to isolate himself from other children and stops communicating.
He forgets his potty training and forgets to perform all the basic functions of life.
Slowly and gradually the children completely transforms and completely stops communicating and interacting with others.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified
This type of autism includes children with symptoms from all the other four types of autism disorders or they may not fully meet the criteria of any of the above given types of autism.
This is a complex type of autism and is not yet confirmed as one of the types of autism, but for now we include this in the category of autism.
Autism is now one of the most common neurological disorders of the world. Although this disorder can never be completely cured, it can now be treated to reduce the symptoms. This allows the children suffering to be able to at least live their lives properly.
More To Read: Depression
We all go through tough times and feeling sad or low is as normal as the act of living itself. Feeling the gloom or going through a change of mood or simply feeling utterly hopeless and sad from time to time.