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Types Of Sleeping Disorders

Updated on October 22, 2011

Sleep is absolutely necessary for healthy and normal functions of the body. Many scientists and medical professionals even have much to study about this complex physiological phenomenon.

As said by the National Institute of Neurological Stroke and Disorders, about 50 million people in the United States endure from chronic long-term disorders of sleep each year and further 30 million people experience irregular problems of sleep.

There are more than 60 different disorders of sleep, which are usually classified into one of three classes: Insomnia i.e.: lack of sleep, Sleep apnea i.e: disturbed sleep, Narcolepsy.

Sleep disorders

Sleep disorders have turn into a serious concern. People who conduct a busy life, moving between home, family and work are more susceptible to having sleep disorders. Deficiency of proper sleep is the reason for a lot of road accidents, on the job calamities and worse performance in the classroom. 

There are numerous sleep disorders varying from the most minor ones to the ones we might never have heard earlier. Newly born babies, old adults and young and even our favorite pets can suffer from these disorders of sleep.

There are few sleep problems such as bed wetting which is usually seen in kids and would go as the child grows. Still another disorder of sleep is narcolepsy may not have a proper cure and can be controlled with appropriate medications and their sleep behavior.

By reading this article, you will get to acknowledge about some kinds of sleep disorders that have affected our patterns of sleep.

Insomnia

Insomnia is the most frequently known sleep disorder in many of the young adults. It occurs more seldom in women and in the elderly or older people. It is defined by the difficulty in falling asleep or remaining in sleep for a long time period.

Insomnia can be occurred due to depression and anxiety. Women are more vulnerable to having insomnia than the men. Melatonin is usually prescribed for the insomnia treatment. Different behavioral therapies and good sleep hygiene are called to work better as the treatment for this sleep order.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea is defined by cessation of breath during the sleep. This sleep disorder can be life threatening. Some times, the breathlessness happens so frequently that the person is not able to sleep.This occurs because some times the brain forgets to send the signals to the respiratory system for breathing.

This may also induce snoring in some of the people. Treatment procedures for sleep apnea consist of respiratory apparatus, behavioral methods and in some of the cases, surgery. Surgery is done to clear the obstacle in the airway passage of the respiratory system by trimming of extra tissue.

Narcolepsy

It is a neurological disorder that causes intense sleepiness and may even make a person fall asleep promptly and without any warning.

The sleep attacks received by people with narcolepsy occur yet after receiving enough sleep at night, and make it hard for people to live normally in their lives. Falling asleep during performing activities like walking, working or working can have dangerous consequences.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

Restless Leg Syndrome is a neurological disorder and is defined by a constant support to move your legs. It is followed by uncomfortable and painful sensations in the legs. This feeling is so painful that the person is unable to have a good sound sleep.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) can take place anytime of the day and not always related to the sleeping times. Self help methods are applied as the treatment for RLS. People having RLS must sleep on their sides with pillows positioned in between the legs to provoke sleep. In some of the cases, exercises and massaging also help.

Jet Lag

It is a physiological condition that impacts the shift workers and body clock of travelers etc. People who used to travel across different time zones have jet lag. Women are much more prone to having jet lags as compared to men.

Dehydration followed by loss of appetite, insomnia or irregular sleep is some common jet lag’s symptoms. To keep away from jet lag, it is recommended to wake and sleep according to the objective time zone. Exposing them to sunlight also helps them. 

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