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How Varicose Veins Develop And How They Become Painful?

Updated on May 6, 2010

Varicose veins are prominent veins near the surface of the skin, which swell up with blood. Varicose veins occur in the legs and occur much more frequently in people who have to stand or sit for long periods of time for example people doing a sitting job. After the veins get overloaded with repetitive pressure from the blood (forced applied due to force of gravity towards the lower part of the body), the walls of these veins start to lose their elasticity and then these veins are no longer able to exercise a strong resistance against the blood. As a result, the veins get stretched too much and lose their resistance to the blood. The tendency to develop varicose veins may be hereditary and is more pronounced during pregnancy. Patients who appear to have varicose veins usually complain of appearance, but some may also experience night cramps in legs, symptoms of fatigue, and a dull pain in the legs with swollen ankles and in this way the vericose veins become painful. For detailed info on how varicose veins develop and how they become painful, read on….

What are varicose veins? The veins are bluish blood back to your body and are used 'back into your heart. Approximately 10% of these veins lie beneath the skin and have less support to the veins that pass through your muscles. The valves are position
What are varicose veins? The veins are bluish blood back to your body and are used 'back into your heart. Approximately 10% of these veins lie beneath the skin and have less support to the veins that pass through your muscles. The valves are position

How varicose veins develop?

As you know, blood leaves the heart via the blood vessels that are called arteries towards the body to carry oxygen and nutrients and then the blood continues its journey back to the heart through vessels called veins. The first part of the process where arteries are working is easy since the heart is responsible to pump forward the blood, but the push from certain areas in case of veins is more difficult because all of it drives back to the heart. The regions that are above experience it very easy to push the blood because of the effect of gravity and with little effort, the blood on its own circulates in other structures but when the blood has to come back again to the heart via veins, the body parts which suffer the most in sending unpure blood again to the heart to pump are lower legs where vericose veins are located.

There are many exercises to prevent varicose veins. Pregnancy is one of those 'many factors'. Varicose veins developed during pregnancy are caused by a number of factors: Hormones: if you are genetically predisposed, hormones worsen the appearance of
There are many exercises to prevent varicose veins. Pregnancy is one of those 'many factors'. Varicose veins developed during pregnancy are caused by a number of factors: Hormones: if you are genetically predisposed, hormones worsen the appearance of

The veins of the legs have valves, so that blood cannot push up again to drop under its own weight. This pumping process is done by moving the leg muscles or by walking and exercising and when this process slows down, veins in the legs swell up with blood so the best thing to avoid vericose veins is to walk and exercise your legs to activate the movement of your legs. Varicose veins affect around 1 out of 10 people approximately and so twice as often in women, primarily because of pregnancy (which worsens venous return). Varicose veins tend to become larger over time and can be caused by edema or swelling in the legs and varicose ulcers, which often are preceded by brown pigmentation of the skin.

Varicose veins surgery
Varicose veins surgery
Varicose veins anatomy
Varicose veins anatomy
Varicose veins stripping and ligation
Varicose veins stripping and ligation
Vericose veins injections
Vericose veins injections

So now you must be able to understand that how varicose veins develop and how they become painful. According to me, in order to help prevent vericose veins, people should exercise their legs on a daily basis and walk frequently for exercise. If your work requires long periods of sitting or standing, make it sure to walk from place to place during regular hours of work. Avoid tight stockings or any clothing that is too tight on your legs, especially women who stock up their legs too much in the wintertime.

For more info on varicose veins, also check out my other hubs Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins and Varicose Veins Surgery and Pain Management With Injections that I published today.

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    • profile image

      juhi 

      7 years ago

      what to do for stopping this veins.

    • profile image

      Dr.krishna kumar singh 

      7 years ago

      Very helpful article,specialy picture of vaicose vein in my healthy life.needs of more information.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      7 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thank you so much NuVela for posting this link and helping visitors get relevant information on varicose veins and its procedures.

    • NuVela profile image

      NuVela 

      8 years ago from Los Angeles

      Now that you understand what varicose veins are and what causes them, perhaps you are interested to learn about the best procedures that are currently available for their treatment. If interested, go to my hubpage articele at https://hubpages.com/hub/VNUS-Closure-Procedure-EV...

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks a lot for the appreciation Rashita. You have motivated me to write more hubs on vericose veins.

    • profile image

      RASHITA 

      8 years ago

      VERY GOOD ARTICLE

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks for reading it lucieanne and taking benefits from this hub on varicose veins. I have written two more hubs regarding the cure of this problem.

    • lucieanne profile image

      lucieanne 

      8 years ago from Rotherham United Kingdom

      Excellent hub soni - I suffer from this condition so I read your article with much interest.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Exercise is helpful for most patients suffering from varicose veins but some people have problems with exercise too, so you need to check up with your vein clinic.

    • profile image

      olivia 

      8 years ago

      so if exercise is good in helping prevent varicose veins why do mine always seem worse after workingout? I run and walk almost every day. my veins seem to stick out more when the weather is hot too.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Hi isambard, please go through my statement in the article above again. I mentioned that women should refrain from very tight stockings and not all stockings.

    • profile image

      isambard 

      8 years ago

      You suggest woman should avoid wearing stockings, that is terrible advice! Part of the treatment for venous insuffiency which causes varicose veins is to wear compression stockings that do exactly the same job as regular women's stockings. The only difference is compression stockings are medically quality controlled to have specially graduated compression. Stockings are good.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      9 years ago from New Delhi, India

      You are welcome sarovai.

    • sarovai profile image

      sarovai 

      9 years ago

      Very informative hub. Thank u.

    • soni2006 profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajinder Soni 

      9 years ago from New Delhi, India

      You are welcome artrush. Do you know friend varicose veins affect about 40 million people in Northern America, which accounts for up to 50% of women. Failure to submit to appropriate treatment, they could cause serious complications such as development of ulcers on the skin, formation of blood clots and phlebitis, or inflammation of the veins. However, there are temporary solutions and permanent available treatments for the spider veins and varicose veins.

    • artrush73 profile image

      artrush73 

      9 years ago

      Great Article, very interesting. Thank you for sharing.

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