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what about anxiety disorder

Updated on November 18, 2009

Anxiety is a diffuse, vague apprehension associated with feelings on uncertainty and helplessness. This emotion has no specific object. It is subjectively experienced and communicated interpersonally. It is different from fear, which is the intellectual appraisal of danger. Anxiety is the emotional response to that appraisal. The capacity to be anxious is necessary for survival, but severe levels of anxiety are incompatible with life.

Types

1- Panic disorder without agoraphobia:

Recurrent unexpected panic attacks and at least one of the attacks has been followed by a month (or more) of:

A> Persistent concern about having additional attacks.

B> Worry about the implications of the attack or its consequences, or .

C> A significant change in behavior related to the attacks. Also the absence of agoraphobia.

2- Panic disorder with agoraphobia:

Meets the above criteria. In addition, the presence of agoraphobia, which is anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of having an unexpected or situationally predisposed panic attack. Agoraphobic fears typically involve characteristics clusters of situations that include being outside the home alone; being in a crowd or standing in a line; being on a bridge; and traveling in a bus, train, or car. Agoraphobic situations are avoided, or are endured with marked distress or with anxiety about having a panic attack, or require the presence of a companion.

3- Agoraphobia without history of panic disorder:

Present of agoraphobia and has never met criteria for panic disorder.

4-  Specific phobia

Marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable, cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation (e.g., flying, heights, animals, receiving an injection, seeing blood). Exposure to the response. The person recognizes the fear is excessive, and the distress or avoidance interferes with the person's normal routines. 

5- Social phobia:

Marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny by others. The individual fears that he or she will act in a way (or show anxiety symptoms) that will be humiliating or embarrassing. Exposure to the feared situation almost invariably provokes anxiety. The person recognizes the fear is excessive, and the distress or avoidance interferes with the person's normal routine.

6- Obsessive-compulsive disorder:

                Either obsessions or compulsions are recognized as excessive and interfere with the person's normal routine.

7- Posttraumatic stress disorder:

The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both the following occurred:

A> The person experienced, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others.

B> The person's response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror. The person experiences the traumatic event, avoids stimuli associated with the trauma, and experiences a numbing of general responsiveness.

8- Acute stress disorder:

Meets the above criteria for exposure to a traumatic event, and the person experiences three of the following symptoms: sense of detachment, reduced awareness of surroundings, derealization, depersonalization, and dissociated amnesia.

9- Generalized anxiety disorder:

Excessive anxiety and worry, occurring more days that not for at least 6 months, about a number of events or activities. The person finds it difficult control the worry and experiences at least three of the following six symptoms: restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge, being easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating or mind going blank, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance.

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