ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Best Books About the American West

Updated on March 23, 2012
Click thumbnail to view full-size

For over 150 years, the American West has been a land of opportunity to explorers, settlers, religious outcasts, cowboys, miners, fortune seekers, scoundrels, and outlaws. But the American West was also home for thousands of years to many native peoples, who lost their lands and their lifestyles to American settlers and fortune seekers. This history of the American West, whether you call it Manifest Destiny, dominion, or subjugation, is a verdant one that supplies significant material for novelists and storytellers. Some of my favorite authors write about the American West in very different ways.

The American West is a fascinating and varied place, balancing wilderness and Utopian beauty (think Arizona vs. Oregon). Writers and artists of the late 19th century played their part in telling and retelling the story of its settlement and domination until the stories themselves were not so much a history as a mythology. This mythology is now a well-accepted fact of American life and culture, and continues to be revisited in places like Wickenburg Arizona (my adopted hometown) and played out by foreign tourists who want to be cowboys and live the dream for themselves, if only on a dude ranch, while on vacation.

In most well-written books where place is as important a theme as characterization, the place itself becomes a central character in the story. Many of the following books fit this description. If you don't have time or inclination to visit a dude ranch and try on the mythology of America, try escaping into one of these books instead.

"Our land is everything to us... I will tell you one of the things we remember on our land. We remember that our grandfathers paid for it - with their lives." - John Wooden Leg, Cheyenne

Novels by and about Native Americans

Reading about the Old West would not be complete if it did not contain some pictures of Native American life, as told by Native Americans living in modern society. Some of the following books are quite political, such as the books by author Leslie Marmon Silko, while others are fascinating because they paint a picture of modern Native American life which balances living in a modern world with remembering and honoring old traditions. Tony Hillerman's books fit this description. This category of writing has recently exploded with excellent works by a host of Native American authors with interesting stories to tell. My selections are representative of books that have been in print for some time.

Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko

First published in 1977, Ceremony is the story of Tayo, a man with anglo and Laguna heritage who has survived prison camps in WWII, and returns to the reservation. Most of the novel is set in Gallup, New Mexico; this setting adds a bleak and haunting tone to a novel that darkly explores Tayo's journey of self-discovery. Silko, an accomplished poet and storyteller, blends tribal stories of Spider woman and the Sacred Giant Brothers into Tayo's modern setting using poetic language that haunts.

I first read this book in college at a much younger age than I am now, and I remember being horrified by images of cruelty, violence, sex, abuse, and drug use. Some scenes from this book are disturbing, and I do not recommend this as young adult reading. Nevertheless, this book is the work of a gifted poet and storyteller, and is an important work of serious literature by a Native American woman writer.

Gardens in the Dunes (1999) by Leslie Marmon Silko

Set in the early 20th century Arizona, Southern California, Cape Cod, and Europe, this story is the poetic tale of two unlikely characters who become connected. Hattie, a high-strung, intellectual upper-class white woman and Indigo, one of the last surviving Sand Lizard people of Southern Arizona. Indigo is a young pre-adolescent girl who finds herself shipped to an Indian School in California, tries to find her place in a world that has destroyed her homeland and culture, and is trying to reform her into something that she can never be. Hattie is the new bride of a botanist who is part scientist and part adventurer. Unknown to Hattie, he is also caught up in a succession of wild business propositions that will eventually drive him to ruin. The tale is poetically told, with richly descriptive characterizations of place and characterizations of people. Author Silko contrasts the almost wild gardens in the most remote canyons of Arizona with cultivated theme gardens of Cape Cod and Europe, and use these descriptions to tie the characters together and make several thematic points. This book is not as masterfully written as Stegner's novels, but is an ambitious and beautifully descriptive read. Readers who may be put off by this author's obvious feminist message will enjoy the book as an interesting capture of a wild west that has been modernized, almost.

Tony Hillerman Mysteries

Tony Hillerman is a prolific writer in the Suspense/Mystery genre. Not being a reader of mysteries, I would never have picked this author's books up if it were not for the strong recommendation of my local libarian! I read just one book, and I was hooked.

Here are three titles to get you started, but be aware that they are a small number of mysteries published by Hillerman:

  • Skinwalkers
  • Dance Hall of the Dead
  • The Blessing Way

Tony Hillerman's novels feature detectives from the Tribal Police force. Hillerman features two Native American detective heroes: Sgt. Jim Chee and Officer Joe Leaphorn. Jim Chee is an "old salt" on the force, and set in his ways, like many officers who have logged years of service. Joe Leaphorn is much younger, and a lot more troubled by fitting in with his Indian heritage while performing the duties of his job and advancing in his career. Almost all of Hillerman's books feature crimes that take place on tribal lands, and his books make interesting reading for their fast pace, interesting characterization, and page-turning events. Most of Hillerman's books attempt to give a suburbanite a unique private peek at lives on tribal lands.

How true to tribal traditions and Native American attitudes are Hillerman's books? I'm not sure, to be perfectly honest. But these are page-turning summer reads. And definitely belong on my list of books that feature the American West as an additional character in his books.

Equipment at an abandoned mine near Wickenburg Arizona.
Equipment at an abandoned mine near Wickenburg Arizona. | Source

Books About Fortune Seekers

The Big Rock Candy Mountain by Wallace Stegner

This novel about Bo and Elsa Mason and their two sons is a tragic and heartbreaking epic story about this family's ill-fated quest to make it rich. This book ties as my all-time favorite writing of fiction with C.S. Lewis' Till We Have Faces. The Big Rock Candy Mountain is the story of Bo and Elsa Mason and their children as they seek their fortunes in the American West (including bleak South Dakota, Rough and tumble Washington and Oregon, Canada, Alaska, Utah, and finally Nevada during the beginning of the 20th century. The story details the desperate dreams of Bo Mason to "make his pile."

Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner

Angle of Repose is also the story of an ill-matched marriage. This book was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1972, and is another strongly characterized and plotted novel, though it is slowly paced. This story explores the story of the narrator's grandparents, Susan and Oliver Ward, by historian Lyman Ward who is disabled and bedridden in Grass Valley California.

I enjoyed this fascinating look at life in the wild and lawless mining camps of the late nineteenth century. Like Gardens in the Dunes (and published earlier), this story tells of an upper class East Coast woman who is swept off her feet by an adventurous man--a geologist and mining engineer.

Coming from a progressive Eastern background, Susan Ward clings to untenable and unrealistic expectations for civilizing the mining camps they inhabit. A particular dream of establishing a proper Victorian home in one of the desolate, dangerous, and remote mining camps of the Western United States brings embarrassment to her husband and drives him into an enormous hole of debt that becomes one of the propelling factors in his decision to move from place to place. Susan's husband Oliver is relentlessly driven to succeed as a mining engineer, and though he loves his wife, he loves mining and the West even more. Their marriage is fraught with complications and incompatibilities, making this book another fascinating, multi-layered work by Stegner.

Books that Feature the Modern Southwest

Many people will recognize Barbara Kingsolver as the accomplished writer of the ambitious Poisonwood Bible and of the more recently published Prodigal Summer. But three of Barbara Kingsolver's early works feature feel-good plots while addressing themes of community, adoption, and family in the unique setting of Tucson and the fictitious town, Grace, Arizona.

The Bean Trees and its sequel, Pigs in Heaven, are stories about a Kentuckian who moves to the Southwest, and on the way, adopts an abandoned and abused Native American child in Oklahoma. Somehow, despite these dark themes, these two books are pleasant to read, and the characters and storylines are lighthearted. These books are the chick lit of the American West. They are perfect as summer vacation reads, and don't require the emotional energy of the previous books by Stegner. Barbara Kingsolver is a favorite writer. If you are looking for more serious fiction by this writer, go ahead and pick up the Poisonwood Bible. It is a fascinating look at religion and culture set in Africa.

The other book by Barbara Kingsolver, set in Grace Arizona is Animal Dreams. The lead female character returns to her hometown on the Arizona border in search of herself, her roots, and her place in the universe. She discovers that Grace has a lot to offer her. You will delight in the descriptions of cool tiled patios, lush, fragrant gardens, and peacocks that play an important role in the story.

Books Featuring Cowboys

Well, sort of.

My two selections in this category should have included The Horse Whisperer, Lonesome Dove, and any number of books by Louis L'Amour. The problem is, I haven't read those books, so you'll have to go explore those ones without my review.

My book titles featuring cowboys are Plainsong, and Eventide, both by Kent Haruf. I discovered these books about three years ago and drank them in. They are marvelous! Kent Haruf's novels seem simple on the surface, but are simple like Rilke or Hemingway.

Both Plainsong and Eventide are the stories of the inhabitants of Holt, Colorado. In this small, isolated community on the Colorado plains, no-one can escape knowing everyone's business, but the community code of behavior requires that all people there live as though they lead private lives. The two short novels comprise the stories of several characters whose lives interconnect, but the appeal of these "mythic cowboy" novels is Haruf's prose style. Few writers can write as piercingly and poetically with so few words.


Submit a Comment

  • Canita Pro profile image

    Canita Prough 

    3 years ago from Texas

    I'm a big fan of Louis L'Amour and Tony Hillerman. I'm set to read Hillerman's biography "Seldom Disappointed" and his daughter book which continue along the same lines. Thanks for the recommendations.

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    7 years ago from Iowa

    Thanks Kosmo, I appreciate the input. I agree about Michener's Centennial and Texas. I read them both when I was an older teen and just loved the epic, sweeping nature of his books. I think I like Centennial best. Thanks for your comment. I guess I'll have to read Lonesome Dove!

  • Kosmo profile image

    Kelley Marks 

    7 years ago from California

    Very good hub, wannabwestern! I've read some of the books about which you've written - "Lonesome Dove," for one and I've read a number of Tony Hillerman's novels. I've also read Silko's "Ceremony". For great western novels don't forget Michener's "Texas," and especially "Centennial". Later!

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    7 years ago from Iowa

    You would probably enjoy Hillerman. His stories are a bit formulaic but the settings and ambiance make up for that. I would say Hillerman's books are light and entertaining, especially if you compare to the likes of Cormac McCarthy or Wallace Stegner!

  • Anaya M. Baker profile image

    Anaya M. Baker 

    7 years ago from North Carolina

    Great list! I really enjoyed Barbara Kingsolver's western stuff, but couldn't really get into the Poisonwood Bible. I think it was just so different than what I'd come to expect it was hard to make the jump. I'm a big fan of Angle of Repose, but must confess I haven't read any of Stegner's other work. Hillerman sounds interesting. I haven't read much of the crime genre, but he sounds like a good place to start.

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    7 years ago from Iowa

    Thank you Will, I am intrigued and hope to some day read one of your books. We rented out our house to some "gold bugs" who were very secretive about what they were doing, but fortunately did a great job of helping us make our house payment when it counted. Iowa is all new to me but so very different from Arizona. Hope you are enjoying a wonderful, warm and sunny AZ winter!

  • WillStarr profile image


    7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

    You and I did the opposite...I came from Iowa and settled in Arizona, which is the location for many of my western stories.

    I too love the west, the great adventure of finding gold, and writing.

    Will Starr

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    8 years ago from Iowa

    I agree with you DLSavage. I read it during the summer last year and it was 116 degrees outside. Much better to read when your toes are cold and your nostrils are singed by the smell of your neighbors' burning leaves!

  • DLSavage profile image


    8 years ago

    I remember reading "Lonesome Dove" in the middle of July. I had to put it down until winter rolled around. Much better to read about a hot, dirty, sweaty cow drive when it is cold outside.

  • Dim Flaxenwick profile image

    Dim Flaxenwick 

    8 years ago from Great Britain

    OOOh. So much to read. So little time.!

    It's a great help so I can choose, when you write a hub like this. Thank you very much.

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    9 years ago from Iowa

    No problem! I'm looking forward to readng the Border trilogy!

    I enjoyed Ceremony, too. It is one of Silko's more accessible books, though I liked Gardens in the Dunes very much too, primarily for its garden descriptions.

  • satomko profile image

    Seth Tomko 

    9 years ago from Macon, GA

    I'd recommend starting with the "Border Trilogy" of All the Pretty Horses, The Crossing, and Cities of the Plain. No Country for Old Men is good but the setting is more contemporary, and it uses a lot of crime-thriller elements. Blood Meridian is probably the best, but it is also the hardest to get into if you're not prepared for McCarthy's style and the amount of violence in the novel.

    Thanks for taking my comment seriously. By the way, I did enjoy Ceremony by Silko.

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    9 years ago from Iowa

    Hi Satamko, I'll have to add Cormac McCarthy to my summer reading list, because I haven't read anything by him! I have heard of some of those titles, though, and they look like intense reads. Which of his books do you think I should read first? My last book review was The Awakening by Kate Chopin, so that will be an interesting strong contrast in style and theme. Thanks for the comment!

  • satomko profile image

    Seth Tomko 

    9 years ago from Macon, GA

    You don't have anything by Cormac McCarthy? No mention of The Crossing or No Country for Old Men or Blood Meridian?

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    9 years ago from Iowa

    Ahhh, the Poisonwood Bible. Why haven't I written a review of that book yet! It is truly one of my favorites!

    I agree with you! Any of Steinbeck's works would make great additions to this list. He is one of those authors that I was exposed to in high school a lot--Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men both come to mind, especially--but he is an author I have been wanting to revisit for some time. I have visited Monterery and the San Joaquin Valley and would love to revisit those places in his excellent work!

  • B.Z. Alixandre profile image

    B.Z. Alixandre 

    9 years ago from Boise, ID

    I keep seeing Poisonwood Bible as a suggestion. I really should just read it! I think this is a great hub, and will definitely be exploring it more. If I can make a suggestion, Steinbeck sets his books California in the turn of the century (20th) and truly makes his setting a glorious and important character in his books! My personal suggestion is 'East of Eden'.

  • wannabwestern profile imageAUTHOR

    Carolyn Augustine 

    10 years ago from Iowa

    Thank you, both! If you don't have a lot of time to invest in reading, I recommend either the novels by Kent Haruf or one of the mysteries by Tony Hillerman. They are both shorter books, and a fast read.

    I enjoyed writing this hub! Books are one of my passions! In doing my research and remembering character names (I always forget them pretty quickly after I read a book), I found out that Kent Haruf has written a LOT more than I had realized. I'm looking forward to reading his book The Ties That Bind.

    I like reading book reviews by other hubbers, too. I am more apt to venture into new territory when I see a list like this one. Cheers to you both!

  • jacobworld profile image

    Jakub Wawrzyniak 

    10 years ago from Ireland

    cheers i should find some time to find them . I am just busy writing articles for my website.

  • monitor profile image


    10 years ago from The world.

    Thanks for recommending these interesting books, wannabwestern. It's so difficult to find the time to read summaries so I sometimes end up with books that don't really inspire me to feel much for the background or characters. It's nice to be able to find a hub such as yours and find all these great books reviewed for me. I feel compelled to pick up a few of these great books already.

    Your fan.



This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)