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How to Write Great Sentences: A Break From the Rules of Grammar

Updated on December 16, 2014
Grammar School
Grammar School

Grammar: Rules or Tools?

I was raised in and around the construction business, and if I learned anything it was that a fine craftsman knows the rules of his trade, but a master craftsman knows the tools of his trade.

Almost any trained carpenter can make precise measurements and cuts and produce a good product. However, it is most often the less precise, but more skilled carpenter whose work is truly a thing of beauty. Give me someone who can eyeball a near 45 degree angle over someone who will measure out a 43.87 degree angle anyday, and we can compare results.

The same is true of the wordsmith. When a writer learns that the rules of his or her trade are actually the tools of his or her trade, then and only then can a good writer become an exceptional writer.

Basic Sentence Writing.

If the rules of grammar are the tools of the writer's trade, words and sentences are the materials. Sentence construction is key. Most writers will advise that sentences need to be simple, preferably short, and include one and only one thought or idea. Sage advice, but another tool, not rule.

I am, of course, assuming a basic understanding of the rules of grammar and sentence composition. If this assumption is incorrect, please visit the grammar and writing resources included in this hub.

Here are a few examples of how to use the rules as tools.

Rule: Short, Sweet, One Idea Per.

  • Rule: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. He told ghost stories. They were so scary they kept us up all night long.

There is nothing technically wrong with these three sentences. They are short, sweet and contain one idea per. They follow all of the rules of grammar, but, rather than keep you up all night, they make you want to go to sleep. Here is an example of how to use this rule as a tool.

  • Tool: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. His ghost stories were so scary they kept us up all night long.

Shorter and sweeter, although not exactly one idea per. The second sentence compounds two ideas into one. The grammar police will probably leave you alone, and the reader will be appreciative.

Rule: No Run-on Sentences.

  • Rule: My uncle was an excellent storyteller who told ghost stories that were really scary and they kept us up all night long.

This is a run-on sentence, not pleasant to read. It is perfectly acceptable to communicate these thoughts in one sentence, but do so appropriately,

  • Tool: My uncle, an excellent storyteller, told us ghost stories that were so scary they kept us up all night long.

All the ideas are included, the run-on sentence is avoided, and the reader is happy, running on his or her merry way.

Rule: Don't Begin a Sentence With "And".

  • Rule: My uncle was an excellent storyteller, and he told ghost stories so scary they kept us up all night long.

Again, there is nothing wrong with this sentence. It is an appropriate use of the "and", but these sentences are a dime a dozen. A well-placed "and" can break the monotony and grab the attention of the reader.

  • Tool: My uncle was an excellent teller of ghost stories. And they were so scary they kept us up all night long.

Nor is there anything wrong with these sentences. And the "and" provides the readers with a nice transition between thoughts.

Split Infinitive.

To Boldly Go Where No Man Has Gone Before...
To Boldly Go Where No Man Has Gone Before...

Rule: Don't Split Infinitives.

  • Rule: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. As children, we anxiously awaited for him to dramatically tell his scary stories that kept us up all night long.

Such a dramatically split infinitive is frightening indeed, but without split infinitives the Star Trek Enterprise would not have boldly gone anywhere, it would have just gone. So, split infinitives aren't all bad.

  • Tool: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. As children, we anxiously awaited the scary stories he told to (really, genuinely, intensely, truly, etc.) scare us. They kept us up all night long.

Admittedly, this is not the ideal construction, but, if you want or need to occasionally split an infinitive to really make your point, it can be an interesting oddity rather than an eyesore.

Rule: No Incomplete Sentences.

  • Rule: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. He told us ghost stories that kept us up all night long. Because they were scary.

Quite right. This incomplete sentence is completely inappropriate. But, no incomplete sentences? Bunk!

  • Tool: My uncle was an excellent storyteller. He told us ghost stories so scary they kept us up all night long. Seriously, all night long!

See? It is okay. Where a little extra emphasis is needed, add it (not the subject of this hub, dangling modifiers will be addressed later).

Warning!

Beware. The rules of grammar are the rules for good reason. It is very tempting to let the exceptions rule the rules. Do not.

without rules there is anarchy and everything would eventually end up like the email you read or txt msgs you get where nuthin is capitalized punctuated speled corektly and everything is abbv until there is nuthin left xcpt txt that makes no cents ;) LOL XOXO

However, when employed sparingly, and lovingly, even a little curiously, a little rule breaking can make your writing a whole lot better.

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    • profile image

      Rebecca 

      6 years ago

      Not really much help still stuck I am in primary 7 really needs help

    • profile image

      Shine 

      6 years ago

      Nice hub, please cover all the topics related to advance grammer.

    • divakar3368 profile image

      divakar3368 

      6 years ago from Maldives

      Good hub .thanks...

    • Vernpaulwriter profile image

      Vernpaulwriter 

      7 years ago from backwoods of Nevada

      good deal, I like your rules. Thanks.

    • profile image

      Jennifer Tang 

      7 years ago

      This is very helpful!

    • profile image

      Proofreading Professional 

      8 years ago

      Let's face it: when you send your writing off in the hopes it will be published, every word is important. You wouldn't give yourself permission to get sloppy after page 37, assuming the editor can handle choppy prose or "inventive" spelling if she made it that far. But what you may not realize is that the beginning of your manuscript is by far the most important part because it will encourage an editor to read on or to toss the whole thing aside.

    • profile image

      Mohammed Magar 

      8 years ago

      Peter, this Hub is fantastic

    • profile image

      Fantasy Writer 

      8 years ago

      In response to Sally's Trove: This rule has been the writer's forever: You can break the rules only after you master them.

      But what constitutes the "mastering" of anything? It is often hard to know when to consider breaking a rule (especially a hard and fast one) because you are unsure of your expertise. I say, in moderation of course, that you should go ahead and experiment. Not on your term paper or something really important, but give some of these things a try, and you just might find you have reached the "mastery" level and didn't even know it.

    • Kenny Wordsmith profile image

      Ashok Rajagopalan 

      8 years ago from Chennai

      Just noticed the title you gave me. You are kind and gracious, Peter! :))

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Thanks, nashomega. I appreciate it. Apply away, I'm always willing to help.

    • nashomega profile image

      nashomega 

      10 years ago

      It's a good Hub... very productive and from this day onwards i will apply this rule that will make my writing easier

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      We're not due until July, but I will definitely post a proud "It's a..." in the forums.

    • WeddingConsultant profile image

      WeddingConsultant 

      10 years ago from DC Metro Area

      Thanks Peter. Keep us updated as to when you join the "with child" club!

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Thanks, Ed. Lovely photo. Big time congrats.

    • WeddingConsultant profile image

      WeddingConsultant 

      10 years ago from DC Metro Area

      There has never been a gooder hub than this won. Thanks!

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Research and academic writing, yes, I agree, but this is non-fiction and I freely broke them, so I wouldn't quite go that far. I have read some pretty dry non-fiction. On the whole, though, you are correct. I think they are rules NOT tools. That's my story and I'm stickin' to it.

    • profile image

      MOmmagus 

      10 years ago

      If your writing fiction, poetry, or prose -break em'. Nonfiction or research, no way!!!

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Noodles, indeed.

    • DJ Funktual profile image

      DJ Funktual 

      10 years ago from One Nation Under a Groove

      Noodles Noodles Noodles. hehe. j/k

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Thanks, monitor. Yes, you have permission to break the rules of grammar to enhance your writing. although I prefer to refer to this as using the tools of grammar rather than breaking the rules of grammar. Enjoy.

    • monitor profile image

      monitor 

      10 years ago from The world.

      So we may Break the rules a little so long as we know we are and do it with the inten of enhancing a sentence.

      I like it.

      Your fan.

      Mon.

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Thanks you, Woody Marx. I tend to agree. There is an element of having to communicate to the reader using punctuation and hoping they appreciate the intent, but I agree.

    • Woody Marx profile image

      Woody Marx 

      10 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I love to think about words and grammar and how to achieve an effect with just the right words. It really is a matter of the 'ear' more than the 'eye'. A writer is closer to a musician than he is an artist, but really a good writer needs both to do truly captivating work. Great hub!

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Anytime, LDSNana. Thank you for reading. I really appreciate it.

    • LdsNana-AskMormon profile image

      Kathryn Skaggs 

      10 years ago from Southern California

      Thanks Peter (my friend:-)

      I needed that!

      tDMg

      LdsNana-AskMormon

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      I agree, lady luck, generally speaking the rules should be followed. I tried to write this for a slightly more advanced audience, to make the writing stand out.

    • lady luck profile image

      lady luck 

      10 years ago from Boston

      This is good but those are really general grammar rules you should follow, which make it a correct sentence, but that doesn't mean its a good sentence. I'm an editor in the publishing industry and an exjournalist and when people ask me how to write well, i tell them to use declarative language. I also give them this rule of thumb for creating good clear sentences - subject verb object.

      Well that's my two cents, I also became a member of your fan club !

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      I agree, Rob, breaking the rules sometimes can be fun. Be careful, but have fun.

      Thank you, prems4u. I appreciate you reading.

      Funride, I'm honored to make it into your bookmark folder. Imagine, one of my hubs in the mayor's file folder. Thanks.

      Same to you compu, I'm honored.

      Steph, thank you. Ditto what I said to funride. I'm flattered to have been bookmarked. I appreciate it.

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      I agree, Zsuzsy. You are always welcome.

      Kenny, many thanks. I appreciate you reading. That feeling will go away soon.

      LOL GG, thanks. I'm glad you enjoyed. You know me, always trying to find the loopholes.

      Thanks, ZEV. I'm glad you enjoyed.

      No way, Shirley. Youth is eternal. I will do as many as I can. When? I'm not entirely sure, but there will be others.

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      LDSNana, A+ for your comments. You know you are always an A+ in my book.

      Sally, you are too kind. I do not feel like I've mastered anything just yet, but I'm working on it. Thank you, though.

      Thanks you, marisue. I appreciate you reading. I'm glad you approve.

      By all means, Rhym. I'm glad you found it helpful. That is the greatest thanks of all.

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Wow! I take one night off from checking comments, and look what happens. Thank you guys so much.

      Too funny, Indexer. I agree with you, for the most part. I find myself, though, falling into patterns of speech in my writing. It's a fine line. I try to stay on the right side, but I realize that I am not always successful.

      amy jane, as you might have guessed, I think a little rebellion is a good thing. Keep up the good work.

      Thank you, annemaeve. I'm glad you approve.

    • stephhicks68 profile image

      Stephanie Hicks 

      10 years ago from Bend, Oregon

      100% A++

      :-) (going to my bookmarks too)

    • compu-smart profile image

      Compu-Smart 

      10 years ago from London UK

      Great hub!

      This hub is perfect and just what the doctor ordered!!

      Bookmarked, thumbed up and thanks.!

    • funride profile image

      Ricardo Nunes 

      10 years ago from Portugal

      Another great hub going directly to my bookmarks ;) . Thank you Peter!

    • prems4u profile image

      prems4u 

      10 years ago from KERALA Cochin

      NICE HUB IN ENG GRAMMER

      here is no importence to how you write and these gramer issues but importence is what you write and your view points.

    • Rob Jundt profile image

      Rob Jundt 

      10 years ago from Midwest USA

      One of the first classes you take in J-School is grammar. You must pass this horrific experience with an A or you're D as in done. There are many rules indeed. Breaking a few can be plain ole' fun. No, I'm not saying no more! Ciao!

    • Shirley Anderson profile image

      Shirley Anderson 

      10 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Awesome hub, Peter! I'm hoping you're doing a series of these, because although I usually deny it, I'm getting older and forgetting some things that I used to know.

      Bravo!

    • ZEV profile image

      ZEV 

      10 years ago from Way Out West

      Great hub! You made it fun to review the basics.

    • gamergirl profile image

      Kiz 

      10 years ago from Antioch, TN

      Peter, this Hub is fantastic and I think I will greatly learn from it. Like you said. Breaking the rules is great sometimes but not all the time.

      *posting like that on purpose.*

    • Kenny Wordsmith profile image

      Ashok Rajagopalan 

      10 years ago from Chennai

      Enjoyed your hub, Peter and learnt something, too, thanks. Except for that uncle and his scary stories! I shall need a lot of will power to remove him from my thoughts and ensure I don't dream of him! :D

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      10 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Peter! Excellent hub. Rules are made to be broken...that's my line and I'm sticking to that...regards Zsuzsy

    • Rhym O'Reison profile image

      Rhym O'Reison 

      10 years ago from Crowley, Tx

      Awesome hub. (rule #1)  This is one hub I will be referring to over and over again.  Thanks so much.

    • marisuewrites profile image

      marisuewrites 

      10 years ago from USA

      Yes, our use of rules and words must draw the reader in...creating pictures...putting us "there." As readers we are participants in the story, event, lecture, tale. With good writers, we are the star in the story, we are relating or objecting...but we are there. Anxiously engaged.

      Amen. Ever Onward, Marisue

    • Sally's Trove profile image

      Sherri 

      10 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

      This rule has been the writer's forever: You can break the rules only after you master them. I think the same may be true for carpenters and their apprentices.

      Peter, you are an accomplished writer. It is obvious that you mastered the rules. so you are entitled to break them.

      Well done!

    • LdsNana-AskMormon profile image

      Kathryn Skaggs 

      10 years ago from Southern California

      LOL amy jane:-)

      I think I must have had a few of the same teachers as you did. At this point in my life and with my writing, I am trying to not get too hung up on the 'rules'. Although I respect greatly how they enable a reader to read that which we do write. This reality forces me into realizing that everything I write still, is as a student.

      Thank you Peter. You have reminded me that I am always a student. I will look forward to your next lesson anxiously.

      I have so much still to learn in this area, that my head is always spinning here on hubpages. (please don't grade this comment:-)

      tDMg

      LdsNana-AskMormon

    • annemaeve profile image

      annemaeve 

      10 years ago from Philly Burbs

      Thanks, Peter, for the awesome hub. It's informative and entertaining, just like all sentences should be!

    • amy jane profile image

      amy jane 

      10 years ago from Connecticut

      Grammar makes my head spin just a little, due to a traumatic schooling experience. I now feel compelled to break the rules on occasion. Childish rebellion!

    • The Indexer profile image

      John Welford 

      10 years ago from UK

      You might expect that somebody who spends much of his time correcting English grammar would object to what you are saying. However, in the main I agree with you. What I would stress is that the way you use language should reflect the purpose for which you are using it. One complaint I have about the way Americans use English is that too often it sounds as though it is being spoken, not written. "He said he was coming Friday" is OK as conversation, but as reported speech it should be "He said that he was coming on Friday". (This is on top of my British horror at such Americanisms as "meet with", "gotten" and "burglarise"!)

    • Uninvited Writer profile image

      Susan Keeping 

      10 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

      Well, I am a bit of a spelling and grammar nazi...I love stuff like this :)

    • Peter M. Lopez profile imageAUTHOR

      Peter M. Lopez 

      10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Thank you, UW. I was wondering if I would ruffle a few feathers, or if people would agree. I'm glad you agreed.

    • Uninvited Writer profile image

      Susan Keeping 

      10 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

      Excellent hub and advice :) Thanks.

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