ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

IGCSE English Literature - An Inspector Calls - Responsibility Analysis

Updated on December 29, 2015


Responsibility is arguably the main theme behind An Inspector Calls. Throughout the play, Priestley explores the effect of class, age and sex on people's attitudes to responsibility, and shows how prejudice can prevent people from acting responsibly.

Main Points

Priestley is seemingly interested in our personal responsibility for our own actions and our collective responsibility to society and to the community, to take care of one another. He also wants to advocate the message of how collectively small acts can evolve into something abhorrent. ‘We are all responsible for each other’

The secondary message could be how Priestley wanted to create a change in society, and make the upper class feel more responsible for the lower, less fortunate working class.

The inspector could be seen as Priestley’s voice, he is the moral leader in the group and he tells the characters: ‘each of you helped to kill her’, showing how we wants to educate and teach the upper class about collective responsibility. It works on the metaphor that we are all bees in a hive, and classes cannot create a separation from responsibilities.

We can clearly see the inspector is the most responsible, for example when offered a glass of whiskey he immediately emphasizes that he is ‘on duty’. This is a clear indicator to the audience that the Inspector knows his social responsibilities, an effective juxtaposition with the Birlings.

The phrase ‘We are members of one body’ is very biblical, and most likely would have been preached by Jesus Christ. He is seen as the moral role for 2 billion people worldwide, and was renowned for having huge amounts of responsibilities. The fact that Priestley made a comparison between those two characters is a clear indicator that Priestley wanted to show the contrast in people with clear responsibilities, such as the inspector, and people who take no pride in following their responsibilities, and show how the different groups can end up, either investigating a murder or causing a murder.

Priestley uses dramatic irony to convey what will happen if ones responsibilities are ignored. This is seen in his final speech, where the audience is warned of the ‘fire and blood and anguish’ that will come their way, of course foreshadowing the two world wars. This is extremely effective as not only did it use a real event so terrible as a war whilst linking it to social responsibilities, the comparison was fresh in the audiences minds, the play being performed just after the end of World War Two. It also featured use of the linguistic technique of polysyndeton, again accentuating the dramatic effect.

Birling has a completely contrasting identity in this play in comparison with the Inspector, and seems to lack social awareness and responsibility, which is conveyed through the use of dramatic irony. In act one, Birling states that the Titanic is ‘absolutely unsinkable’, which of course we know to have happened. His wife also refuses to take any responsibility regarding Eva, stating: ‘I blame the young man who was the father of the child she was going to have’. Again, Priestley has used dramatic irony to portray the message of the hypocrisy of the upper class, this time presenting it through humour.

When the inspector is regarded as a personification of responsibility, one could easily see how Mr Birling could be a symbol of the ignorant, aloof upper class, unaware or superior to the injustice passing underneath them, completely shattering the sense of ‘responsibility’ to the audience.

His final speech is mainly aimed at the characters and the audience, talking of a collective responsibility in society, again regarding that Priestley was a socialist himself: "One Eva Smith has gone - but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths still left with us’. This uses a polysyndeton and repetition to emphasize the enormity of the problems that can arise when responsibilities are ignored, but at the same time tells the audience there is still hope, a member of the audience can still go home and correct his past sins, and ergo take responsibility for his actions.

Sheila is one of the only characters that accepts her responsibilities in the Birling family. In the last act she says ‘it frightens me the way you talk’, and ‘you’re ready to go on the same old way’, clearly presenting her disbelief at the lack of attention the older generation paid.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)