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India's Population

Updated on March 16, 2017

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India is standing

India is the second country in the world's population. According to initial reports 2011 census, India's population of 1210 million. In fact, this is the latest reliable information regarding India's population. The world's second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and tenth largest population, India is the country with the same scales. In fact, the United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan's equivalent to the population of India's population. India has 17.5 per cent of the world's population. India's census every ten years. This process started since 1901. The last census in two thousand eleven.

Ten years ago, the Census showed a total population of 1030 million. Over the past ten years has increased 1210 million. That added an additional 181 million people in a decade. This number is equal to the population of Brazil. 17.6 per cent growth rate. The number of men and women in the total population of 624 million and 586 million. 17.2 per cent growth rate in a decade, the number of men and women of the growth rate of 18.1 percent. That increase the number of women than men. The initial census report clearly reflects the characteristics of the population of 6. For example: (1) Population growth declining (2) Declining fertility or children per women (3) Increasing the literacy rate (4) An increase in the overall gender ratio (5) Reducing the literacy ratio and (6) An increase in population density. The first four were positive for the last two concern.

Decreasing population growth

As long as the information is available regarding the population of the total population is growing bounce. For a long time, the total population is increasing at a time when the growth rate of the total population increased to the point that, although the number seems large. This trend is sharply increasing population in India. As a result, in 1921. India's population of 1210 million to 238 million, but was increased to 2011. As a result, the growth rate of the total population is too low, but the growth will be much higher. 17.6 per cent growth, while the growth rate of the past decade, such as the amount of 181 million. The next day, but a lot of the growth rate can be increased, reducing the amount of growth. The total population of the next few decades that number will continue to increase, and that would be quite worrisome way ample doubt about it.

One of the concerns is that the population growth rate relief since a few decades ago has started to ease. The first part of the last decade has been the increasing number of the population is decreasing. Excluding the 1910 decade since the 1960s until 1901, the population growth rate has increased continuously. The first decade of the twentieth century, the growth rate was 5.88 per cent. In the 1960s, the rate of increase reached 24.80 percent. That was the most dangerous in the decade of India's population. In fact, India is one of the explosions was lofty. If this trend continues, the country's social, cultural, economic and political chaos led to. Poverty, hunger, illiteracy, I'll health and the disadvantaged who consume India. Population demographic transition theory, which is called the level of the 1970s legs. In fact, the demographic transition phase in 1970, the decade began. The population on growth rate began to decline when the demographic transition has begun to take hold. Europe that began long before the end of this episode has been. Demographic transition in the population stable after the end of the episode. In fact, this level exceeded the total population of Japan and most European countries have started to decline. It is a dangerous trend.

State population and the percentage

Population (lakh)
Part of the country's total population (%)
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Andhra Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Arunachal Pradesh
Andaman & Nicobar
Daman & Diu
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Total population
Source: The initial census report 2011 * 100 thousand = 1 lakh

Transition period

The first phase of transition in four decades of continuous decline in the growth rate of the population is increasing, but the amount was increased. The growth rate is the highest in the 1960s, such as 24.80 percent. In the 1970s, is a little less than 24.65 percent, 23.87 percent of the 1980s, 21.54 percent were in the 1990s and the first decade of the twenty-first century is 17.64 percent. Similarly, 109 million rise in population in the 1960s, 1970s, 135 million, 163 million rise in the 1980s, 183 million rise in the 1990s and the first decade of the twenty-first century, the increase in the amount of 181 million. Population growth is seen compared to the previous decade, the first decade of the twenty-first century. It is also an important aspect of the theory of population. Therefore, the first phase of India's demographic transition has entered the final stage crossing. India has passed the most dangerous moment of the population growth.

The overall growth rate of population decline was a key reason behind the growth rate of the disadvantaged and less populated states. Over the past three decades, a series of 8 high rates of population growth in the state was populated backward. 25 per cent growth rate. This can be observed in the growth rate of the first states in the previous decade (the 1990s) decreased by 4 percent compared to. In contrast to the states leading the growth rate fell backward states. For this reason, the overall rate of population growth has made it possible for a lot less. These stated include Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Rajasthan and Odisha.

In terms of the total population in India's most population in India's most populous state is now Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh, the total population of 199.6 million. Then there, Maharashtra (112.4 million), Bihar (103.8 million), West Bengal (91.3 million) and Andhra Pradesh (84.7 million).

Population growth (1901-2011)

Calculation year
Total population (crore)
Over the past decade, the growth rate (%)
(--) 0.39
Source: The initial census report 2011 * 1 crore = 10 million

Fertility rate

4 percent of the overall population growth rate of 3 per cent decrease in the number of children less than 6 years. That is 3 per cent (5 million), a decline in the fertility rate from the clear terms of the overall decline. One of the main reasons for the reduction in fertility rate, education, especially female education, livelihood-earning increase, livelihoods and improve the living standards, improve public health, drinking water supply and improved toilets expansion, social and cultural evolution of consciousness. A positive trend in India's most populous state of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, two of America's population is equal to the total population. The image is reflected in the reduction of population growth in different states of the country and the most populous state, the growth rate dropped by 6. The lowest growth rate of decline in Kerala and Nagaland. Kerala over the last several years, with the population in the developed world are equally changed. The growth rate of less than 5 percent. The rate of increase is less than the whole of South India, North India, South India, the gap is still unusually high. Greatly increased the population of the suburbs of the large cities. Thane district near Mumbai, the city's population has increased by 11 million, which is equivalent to the population of Greece.

Child population

Although the population growth rate of population decline, but still the same. The growth rate decreased by 4 percent compared to the 1991-2001 decade. However, the total population increased by 181 million. But the children (6 years of age) population has not increased. At present, the number of children up to 6 years old 158.8 million (2011, according to the data). Decreased compared to 2001 in 5 million. The child population has decreased. One of the main reasons behind the decline in population growth rate of the overall child population had decreased.

Children up to 6 years of age, half of the population has a 6 states. Among 5 the rest of Bihar state child population has decreased. The previous decade (1991 to 2001), however, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan andadhya Pradesh had a slight increase in the child population. In the last decade, and it is reduced.

Yet there is still the highest number of children in Uttar Pradesh. The number of 29.7 million. There are 18.6 million Bihar, Maharashtra 12.8 million, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan to 10.5 million. The children up to 6 years of age throughout the country, therefore 52 percent of the 6 states. Children population has increased just Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Jharkhand and Jammu and Kashmir. Another positive aspect of Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh-child population growth rate in the past decade than in the previous decade low.

Compared with the entire population, the number of children stood at 13.1 per cent decline in the number of children in the population. In 2001 it was 15.9 per cent. In view of the total population of the state, with the proportion of child population in all states except Jammu and Kashmir has decreased. This is the highest proportion of the decline in Sikim. Soon after the Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.

The proportion of the total population is still the highest rate of child population in Bihar. The rate of 18.75 per cent in Bihar. The trend of population decline is mainly a few children before and was limited to certain states. For this first time, it has expanded across the country. As a result, North India, South India, that could be seen from long distance Now it has become less likely to shine. A feature that has become clear from these data on fertility in India has started to ease. It is a very important aspect of the demographic transition.

0-6-year-old population

2001 (crore)
2011 (crore)
Decrease (crore)
Total numbers
1 crore = 10 million


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