Poggio Bracciolini, Gian Francesco
First class scholar of the early Renaissance
Poggio Bracciolini, Gian Francesco
Born February 11, 1380, Terranuova, Tuscany Italy
Died October 30, 1459, Florence, Italy
Poggio demonstrated a magnificent fact of life and its usage in history, a journey to complete mankind and its formative writing as a Italian Humanist and Calligrapher. First class scholar of the early Renaissance as a rediscovered of derelict manuscripts. An oversight of classical Latin manuscripts in the monastic libraries of Europe. He invented the humanist script (based on the Caroline Minuscule), while he were working in Florence as a copyist of manuscripts, a round, formal writing that after a generation of elegance by scrivener, working the new art of printing as prototype of "Roman" fonts. In 1403 Poggio moved to Rome, where he became a secretary to Pope Boniface IX who was the head of the Church from November 2, 1389 to his death in 1404. He was also the second Roman Pope of the Western Schism.
Declamation of Cicero
In 1415 at Cluny, Poggio brought to light two undistinguished declamation of Cicero. He found the first complete text of Quintilian’s Institutio Oratoria in 1416 at St. Gall, it’s a twelve-volume textbook on the theory and practice of rhetoric by Roman Rhetorician Quintilian. It was published around year 95CE. Three books and part of a fourth of Gaius Valerius Flaccus Argonautica, Roman poet who flourished in the Silver Age under emperors Vespasian and was written during the siege of shortly after the capture of Jerusalem by Titus in 70AD. Poggio explanatory discourse of Asconius Pedianus an Roman Historian in 9BC-AD76 on Cicero’s Oration, were speeches given in 63BC by Marcus Tullius Cicero, the consul of Rome, who was a Roman philosopher, politician, theorist, lawyer, constitutionalist, and orator.
In 1417 Poggio was a diverse expeditions to Fulda Germany, St. Gall and other monasteries produced P. Festus’De Significatu Verborum, were a Latin dictionary compiled in the Roman imperial period, which preserves a great deal of priceless information about the history, topography, society and religion of Rome and Italy in earlier centuries; Lucretius’De Rerum Natura.
Poggio’s classical interests continued in study of ancient buildings and the collecting of inscriptions and of sculpture, with which he embellish the garden of his villa near Florence. He succeeded Carlos Aretino as chancellor of Florence in 1453 of whom was an Italian Renaissance humanist and chancellor of the Florentine Republic. He was a man of great culture, the author of letters and some poems. Poggio own writing was talented with the power to speak vigorously and appropriately for artistic representation of character and conversation role, that characterize his moral dialogues from numerous similar contemporary works.
The most important of these are De Avaritia, first major work of the Seven Deadly Sins Christian ethics, meaning avarice/greed. Same specter of his dialogue Contra hypocritas meaning against hypocrisy in 1447-48. Poggio’s capacity to hilt Latin as a abide dialect of success pert in his copious correspondence, which for its form as much as for its content stands among the epistolary of the humanist.
He was known for his spectacular handwriting humanist scripted into Roman type. Poggio’s last years were spent in his active performances in office and in writing his history of Florence. Poggio cultivated and maintained close friendships with those who followed in his footsteps and admired for his charm, details amusing classical form to the lightest essays of the fancy. He was a passionate impugner of the living, a sarcastic polemist and a translator from the Greek. His culture and moral subjects covered an interests and value of his time, a voice of professional human knowledge and wisdom reserved only to the most learned and the key to what the ancient philosophers called "virtue" and "the good."