Poetic language is the language most often (but not exclusively) used in poetry. The key is that poetry is much more compressed than fiction (short stories or novels for instance). Since the language is denser in a poem, the word order is so much more significant. For instance, a poem and a short story may both attempt to convey the the beauty of nature, but the poem will do so in three stanzas while the short story will do it on three pages. To get the same point across, the poem has to rely on a number of techniques that will evoke emotions in a reader. These techniques are called poetic devices and may include rhyming, metaphors, similes, etc. Unlike fiction, poetry or poetic language does not have to follow grammatical rules, which allows readers to sort of unpack the poem and make meaning. Through the use of poetic language a poem is often more intense emotionally and also more open to interpretation.
Figurative Language Examples
1. Simile -- comparison using like or as
ex. The pretty flower is like a ray of sunshine in my garden.
2. Metaphor -- implied comparison
ex. The pretty flower is a ray of sunshine in my garden.
3. Personfication -- giving a human quality to a non-human thing
ex. The flower smiled its radiance over the rest of the garden.
4. Symbolism -- an object or person that represents some other quality.
ex. The beautiful flower represents the glory of nature.
5. Imagery -- language that appeals to any of the senses
Ex. The vibrant smooth yellow petals emitted a beautiful perfume that attrached buzzy bees.
1. Assonance -- repetition of vowels sounds
Ex. The flowers allowed me a glimpse into beauty.
2. Consonance -- repetition of consonant sounds within words
ex. The flowers call me to tell all their beauty. (L's)
3. Alliteration -- repetition of sound at the start of words
ex. The flowers flowed freely down the vine.
4. internal rhyme -- rhyming words within a line
ex. The flowers call all of the bees.
5. end rhyme -- rhyming words at the end of at tleast 2 lines
7. meter / rhythm-- the rythmic pattern of syllables in a line -- look to mark the stressed and unstressed syllables and look for a pattern. Shakespeare wrote primary in iambic pentatmater. That means each even-numbered syllable was stressed (iambic) and there were 5 of those in a line. (pentameter)