Are there any animals which are posed generally as villains/heroes in stories of your culture?
Indian stories tend to picture the Fox as the bad guy, in general. Tigers and Lions are brave - but at times they can be bad too. Bears are generally the good guys, while crows and crocodiles get negative roles to play. Monkeys somehow end up as side characters - List is endless, and reasons could be interesting. So how about your culture / any other culture whose stories you've happened to follow? Have you observed any pattern which is followed? What are the reasons for species oriented "Casting" ? Appearance / behavior / both / something else? [Disclaimer - Photo from Pixabay-public domain]
In Indonesia, snakes are considered the villain in stories. While the heroes are sometimes Garuda or doves (rarely).
I find many times in Chinese stories, snakes and spiders are usually bad character. And the good person/entity tend to be dragons.
In classic children's literature, Aesop's Fables, and animation adapted from the works of the Brother's Grimm and Charles Perrault like Snow White and Cinderella, animals are commonly personified. Foxes and wolves are most often villains as in The Gingerbread Man, The 3 Little Pigs, and Little Red Riding Hood. Cats and dogs are most often portrayed as heroes who rescue those in trouble as in Puss N Boots, 101 Dalmatians, Lassie, etc. Disney animation is known for this. Cinderella is helped by the household mice and songbirds, and Snow White is protected in the scary forest and lead to safety by the woodland animals. Rudyard Kipling in The Jungle Book uses Baloo the bear to teach the young boy, Mowgli, the wisdom of life and safety in the jungle.
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