What is the Use of Relative Pronouns in English Grammer?
They are used when a noun is described using a phrase, rather than a single adjective. An example:
We could say "the black dog", which uses an adjective "black" to describe a noun "dog".
We can also say "the dog which is black", to give the same meaning, but expressed in a different way. In that case, we have the noun, "dog", described by an adjective clause "which is black". Within that adjective clause, the relative pronoun is "which" - this one word links the two parts of the sentence together.
Relative pronouns can also be used on their own, when we are selecting from a variety of things. For example: "What cake would you like?" "Whichever one has the most chocolate sprinkles."
Here the item being described / chosen is a cake, but we don't know which particular one it is. We use "whichever" to indicate that we want the one that has a particular characteristic (extra sprinkles) in relation to the others.
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