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A Seasonal Garden Guide

Updated on September 3, 2012

Every garden has typical things that need to be done in the Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. While regions may change different tasks, here is a typical yearly guide for things to be done in the garden. Adapt it to your region or gardening zone.

In the Dormant Season (Winter Months)

In December, January and February, start planning the next season's planting schedule. If you need to order seeds, order them now to ensure your have a fresh and ample supply as needed. Review your gardening supply and make a list of things that need to be purchased or, mended & altered. Begin to plant indoor seedlings for early spring plantings after the first frost.

In the Spring Months

In March, April and May begin to test the soil for planting and amend the ground as needed. Organize the tools ready for gardening, and map out where all the items will go in the garden. Add extra fertilizers to the soil for extra nutrients for the new plantings. Check the seedlings that were started indoors and harden off if necessary. If you are purchasing plants or seedlings rather than growing them, check off a list of the items needed, and pick them up at the home and garden store.

In the Summer Months

In June, July, and August, the temperature is at the warmest and the sun is at the highest. Be sure that the plants are all getting enough water. If using seeds, begin to plant for the summer crop early. After the spring planting, thin any seedlings that need it and weed any beds that have established crops. Deadhead regularly, and as needed all the flower beds. Garden bugs and pests will be at their zenith so be prepared for removal or spot treatment for infestation. Be sure to remember to mulch and fertilize. As the crops begin to grow, harvest as needed.

In the Fall Months

In September, October, and November, bring any plants indoors that cannot withstand cold nights. Begin mulching for the winter months those spots that will need it. As the annuals die off, replace with perennials as needed or remove entirely from the bed. Check on your compost site to ensure proper feeding.


  • Before the long winter storage, make sure all the tools (power and hand tools) have been properly cleaned and put away, for a longer life.
  • It is helpful to keep a yearly garden journal and to make notes during planting, growing, and harvesting. Will help help to find out which spots in the garden need extra work and which areas need more shade or sun.


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  • Deborah-Diane profile image

    Deborah-Diane 6 years ago from Orange County, California

    Very practical advice for home gardeners.