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Spring, Summer and Fall Vegetables and Fruits

Updated on August 2, 2016

When To Grow Vegetables

If you would like a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables from your garden throughout the growing season, planting by season may be for you. Some plants love cool weather and others love hot weather.

When you stagger plantings depending on the weather, you will always have fresh fruits and vegetables (as long as it is not freezing outside).

Grow the cool weather crops during the Spring and Fall. Grow the Hot weather plants during the summer. Here is a chart that lets you know when to plant each plant.

Strawberry Plants Can Handle Cooler Weather

Picture Of Strawberry Plants
Picture Of Strawberry Plants | Source

Plant in Early Spring

Plant these plants in early spring:

Arugula, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Chives, Collard Greens, Kale, Kohlrabi, Lavender, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onions, Oregano, Parsley, Rhubarb, Rosemary, Sage, Sweet Peas, Strawberries, Swiss Chard, Tarragon and Thyme.

These plants can handle cooler temperatures.

Some of these plants are also good for planting in the Fall.

Fresh Vegetables

Fresh Vegetables
Fresh Vegetables | Source

Plant After The Last Spring Frost

Plant these plants after the last Spring frost for your area:

Basil, Beans, Cantaloupe, Corn, Cucumber, Dill, Eggplant, Lemon Balm, Mint, Okra, Peppers, Pumpkin, Squash, Stevia, Strawberries, Sweet Potato, Tomatoes and Watermelon.

These are more heat-tolerant plants that love lots of sun. They are very sensitive to cooler air and lack of sun. Plant them in an area where they will get direct sunlight for most of the day.

Kale Grows Nicely In The Fall

Picture of Kale
Picture of Kale | Source

Plant In The Late Summer And Fall

Plant these plants in the late Summer and early Fall:

Arugula, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cilantro, Collards, Garlic, Kale, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Onions and Parsley.

As you can see, some of these plants were listed as plants you can start growing in the Spring. They love the cooler air.

In The Winter

If you would like fresh herbs during the Winter, you can plant and grow them in pots inside your house.

Make sure you pick a spot that has plenty of light and is warm.

This type of garden is sometimes called a kitchen garden.

When a recipe calls for herbs, you can just cut off a few leaves from your herb plant to add to your food.

The plant will continue to grow as long as you leave most of its leaves on.

Things To Do To Help Your Crop

Seedlings are very particular when they first begin to grow. They need just enough light and moisture to get them going.

Hardening plants off before planting them outdoors is very important. If you begin growing your seedlings indoors, you will want to take them outside in increasing amounts of time each day until you are ready to plant them. For example, you might want to take your seedlings outside for an half an hour the first day, an hour the second day, two hours on the third day and so on. If they are planted outside too quickly, they could die because they are too tender for the outdoor elements.

Stake your Peppers and cage your tomatoes to give them support. If they are not given support, they will grow along the ground and either rot or be eaten by bugs and small animals.

Water your plants regularly, especially in the beginning.

Train Cucumbers to climb a trellis or fence to keep them off the ground. It will keep them away from pests and keep them from decaying when they touch the ground. They will also take up less room in your garden if you trellis them upwards.

Spray for disease regularly and spray for insects after you see damage. You can make your own insecticide by mixing a gallon of water with a drop or two of blue Dawn dish detergent. Too much Dawn will kill the plants immediately, so be careful not to add too much.


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    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

      It also depends upon the climate where one lives. We can grow quite a few things year round here in Houston although there are some seasonal differences. Where tomatoes thrive all summer long up north, they do not like our summertime heat as much, so we plant in the Spring and the Fall. We harvest many of our herbs year round.

    • AnnRandolph profile image

      AnnRandolph 5 years ago

      I love the way you break this out. I wa always confused about cabbage because some people told me to plant in the spring and others the fall. No wonder. You can do either!

    • caseymel profile image

      caseymel 5 years ago from Indiana

      I'll check it out!

    • tonja niemi profile image

      Tonja Niemi 5 years ago from Eagan, MN USA

      Thanks for making it organized to plan when to garden. I found an interesting site to share in relation to your information: Gardening By the Moon.