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Garden Pruners

Updated on September 27, 2010

Of all the garden tools that exist to make the many gardening tasks that little bit easier and more enjoyable, the garden pruners in their various guises really come into their own when the many pruning tasks need to be done.

There are several different aspects to pruning in the garden that require a different tool to best accomplish the task at and. For this reason there are several different types of garden pruners that are available to take on the different types of pruning jobs that there are.

This Hub Page looks at the different types of garden pruners and what pruning job each is best suited to. It also also looks at the advantages of owning the several main types of hand pruners so that when undertaking the different types of pruning, each task is made that much easier and more enjoyable.

Types of Garden Pruners

There are two main types of hand pruners that exist and from those two main types, several variations of each exist for different types of pruning tasks. Those two main types are:

Bypass Pruners

These are pruners that have very sharp blades that cross over each other in a similar manner to scissors that make the cut.

Anvil Pruners

These hand pruners have a single sharp blade that closes against a flat, which gives the appearance of squeezing the branch to be pruned, although the reality is that the sharp blade slices through the wood before closing on its flat end.

Of these two main types, the several off-shoots are

Long Handled Pruners

These are also known as loppers (pictured above) and provide a high level of leverage to enable the gardener to cut through very thick branches. These are generally of the bypass pruner style, although they can also be of the anvil variety.

Ratchet Pruners

These are hand pruning shears that have the added leverage of a mechanical ratchet that allows the gardener to make several consecutive squeezes of the handle to cut through very tough woody stems without needing to exert excess hand pressure.

Tree Pruners

Also known as pole pruners or long reach pruners, these are generally bypass pruners that are fixed to the end of a long, often extending pole for reaching higher branches in trees without using a ladder. They are activated by pulling on a long chord which close the blades on the branch to be pruned

Electric Pruners

These are a variation on hand pruners that are powered by electricity to make extremely light work of cutting through tough woody stems. With electric, or power pruners, there is no exertion with the hand necessary making these very easy to use and an especially good choice for people with little strength in their hands.

Whichever type of garden pruners you choose to use, its always a good idea to have several different types of undertaking the many different pruning tasks that you will encounter in the average garden.

The Right Tool For The Job

As there are a variety of different pruning jobs that the average garden throw up at the gardener, using the right tool for each job will make that job a little easier and mean less chance of accidents or straining hand muscles.

Therefore, for lopping thicker branches from trees and tall shrubs, you'd naturally use pole pruners as they allow you to reach up high while standing firmly on the ground to avoid accidents.

For lower branches and low growing shrubs, long handled pruners are perfect for cutting through tougher woody stems, or use ratchet pruners if they are easy to get at.

For pruning roses and other flowering shrubs, anvil pruners are generally preferred, while for fruiting trees and shrubs, bypass pruners are the favoured choice.

Of course. the exact type of pruning shears you decide to use on certain plants in your own garden is entirely up to you and if you want to use anvil pruners for all the easier pruning jobs, then you go right ahead and use them! If using powered pruners is your preferred method, then go right ahead and use those! After all, the way you garden is basically down to personal choice and what suite you the best, is most comfortable or just feels right for you.


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  • Authorite profile image

    Authorite 8 years ago from UK

    You're welcome dohn

  • dohn121 profile image

    dohn121 8 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

    Good informative hub. Thanks for sharing.