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BIOGRAPHY of ANNA HAZARE

Updated on October 14, 2015

Anna Hazare, the Social Activist

Source

Anna Hazare and Anti Corruption Movement

Corruption is a new buzz word in India. The fact is corruption is prevalent everywhere just not in India. It is universal and some or the other big gun raises a voice against it. The reality is it hardly gets controlled rather the raised voice fades away after some time but here and there either in small or big way we can see corruption rising head on and off. Fighting against corruption in India as a whole is a new spirit. Anti corruption campaign has taken a front seat and has become a common goal for the Indians at present. The question is ‘Why shouldn’t be?’ It is not that the Indians earlier were pro corruption but making an anti corruption a mass movement throughout India has never happened in the history of 64 years of Indian independence. Thanks to Mr. Anna Hazare, a 74 year old social activist.

Who is Anna Hazare?

Anna Hazare is a true Gandhian by nature. A full time social activist and above all thoroughly influenced by Swami Vivekananda, a great saint of India who established the name of Hinduism on a global platform. Anna, as fondly addressed, was quite distressed in his life and even he attempted suicide but failed. During that phase he came across a book by Swami Vivekananda which extremely touched the life of Anna Hazare. He felt distressed because he lacked a goal or motivation for life. Well, the preaching of Swami Vivekananda brought solace to his life. In this book Swami Vivekananda preached that the ‘ultimate motive of human life should be service to humanity’. This preaching simply changed the perspective of Anna. It worked as a turnaround in his life. He took voluntary retirement from the Army, the then he was positioned as Sepoy. After that Anna went back to Ralegan Siddhi, his native village, and his journey as a social activist began without fail.

Date of Birth ---- 15th January 1937

Birth Place ---- Bhingar village in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra

State, India.

Name of the Parents---- Baburao Hazare (Father)

Laxmi Bai (Mother)

Education---- Standard VII

Profession---- Joined Indian Army as a Truck Driver in 1963. He opted for

voluntary retirement after 15 years of service in 1978. At the

time of leaving the service Anna Hazare was ranked as Sepoy

in the 9th Maratha Battalion, Indian Army.

Marital Status---- Bachelor

He was actually taken care of by his childless aunt in Mumbai (Old name Bombay). Though Anna was born in Bhingar village but later on as his native village he stays in Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. It is only because during the birth of Anna Hazare his father, Baburao Hazare an unskilled labourer, worked in Bhingar village but later he shifted his base to Ralegan Siddhi. Whenever Anna visited Ralegan Siddhi he witnessed the helpless condition of his fellow villagers due to drought. Ralegan Siddhi was a drought prone village and the village lacked all the basic amenities to meet this drought borne crisis. While Anna Hazare was in Indian Army when he read a book by Swami Vivekananda and his thought process completely changed towards life. Anna then left the job and came to live in Ralegan Siddhi with a motive to change the condition of the drought prone village and fellow villagers. Here, starts the journey of Anna Hazare -- The Social Activist.

Swami Vivekananda was the inspiration of his life. This inspiration made Anna to dedicate his life for the betterment of the civic society in India.

Anna Hazare is a great admirer and follower of Gandhiji in his means towards goal. He is the believer of non- violence and wears only Khadi.

Anna lived at his house in Ralegan Siddhi for a brief period and later he started living in a single room adjacent to the Yadavbaba temple in Ralegan Siddhi. For almost three decades or a little more Anna Hazare never stepped in at his native home in Ralegan Siddhi.

Achievements of Anna Hazare as the Social Activist:

Ralegan Siddhi was transformed from the worst village to an ideal village by Anna Hazare. It became the first example in regard to transformation of a worst village to a model village. Anna was quite upset due to the drought prone condition of the village. To improve the condition of his native village, Ralegan Siddhi, and his fellow villagers he constantly worked for it. In this connection he met Vilasrao Salunke who was working on water management through watershade development in his area. Anna liked the project and implemented in his native village and the result was positive. It raised the underground water level. Quite obviously the condition of Ralegan Siddhi improved extremely. Immense contribution of Anna Hazare and his success fetched him a great popularity. This was not the only program he took up in his native village but there were many other programs which Anna undertook for the betterment of Ralegan Siddhi. Such as:

Alcohol was banned

Grain Bank

Education

Milk Production

Collective Marriages

Eradicated caste discrimination and untouchable policy

Gram Sabha

During the time period of all the developmental work undertaken in Ralegan Siddhi Anna Hazare noticed that all work gets obstructed due to corruption. Then and there Anna thought to get rid of corruption and took his next leap. A step beyond his native village and extended to Maharashtra state.

Anna Hazare started a new movement named Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Aandolan (People’s Movement against Corruption) in 1991.One after the other stir Anna continued against corruption. In this context he became very vocal against the policies of government who failed to curb corruption as some of their authorities were fully involved in the prevalent corruption. In fighting against corruption Anna expressed his protest through strikes and fasts but in a peaceful manner. He appealed for Right to Information Act (RTI) and after a strong and long journey against corruption the government passed it as a law.

Though RTI has been passed and it proved to be a strong weapon against corruption, Still to curb corruption from the root, which is so rampant in India, Anna Hazare felt the need of a particular bill and that gave birth to the present movement and the bill named as ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’. Anna and his team proposed ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’ to be passed under which every government staff including Prime Minister of India can be judged but the judging panel must be free from government interference. He is on fast from 16th August 2011at Ram Lila Maidan, New Delhi to have this ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’ implemented but till now the government is unmoved. A huge section of people in India has extended a momentum to the ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’ movement and continue protest against corruption.

The contribution of Anna Hazare to the society has fetched him a huge recognition within India as well as outside. He received many awards and to name a few, such as:

Vriksha Mitra Award in 1986

Padmashree in 1990

Padmabhushan in 1992

Jit Gill Memorial Award for outstanding Public Service in 2008

As an ordinary Indian it will be justified to say that due to corruption in every level the Indians are suffering a lot. Well, to be specific the ordinary Indians are the sufferers. A section of people due to their power, celebrity status or a powerful backing enjoying most of the privileges but the point is: why and what for? India is comprised of different class and section, rich and poor and above all strong and downtrodden people so it needs to have a law which can stop the misuse of power, money, name and fame. No one should be deprived of his right but it is sad as it is a regular practice in India. Thus, protesting against corruption is the only way to bring in a positive change in the system. Anna Hazare is simply doing that and has started anti corruption movement.

Now, when a person raises voice against any ongoing system or order it is bound to get responses of different kind. Positive, negative, cold or neutral responses are always expected. The movement of Anna is no different. It is also getting responses of different kind. I am an ordinary Indian and have no political or law background to judge the means and methods opted by Anna Hazare to carry the anti corruption movement.

The ultimate thing what I want to opine is that the anti corruption movement led by Anna is a right thought to clean the system and society. If there is any drawback in the means and methods of the movement against corruption then it should be looked into from all sides by the concerned people for the betterment of India. This anti corruption movement has not only evoked a huge support from the Indian civil society but also managed to harness a great support outside India through out the world. Thus, corruption is common so it has evoked so much support.

At this juncture, the need of the hour is all the concerned people must keep national issue and interest above ego and prestige. Softening of stand and understanding the seriousness of the issue will brighten the prospect of India. In near future if it happens that we are awarded with corruption free India then Anna Hazare will be remembered with honor and reverence.

Anna seems to be victorious as on 12th day (27.08.11) of his fast the government has agreed to some of his demands. It is still a long way to go but at least a step has been put forward towards it. On 28.08.11, the 13th day of the fast, Anna Hazare will break his fast but the anti corruption movement will go on until ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’ is passed and becomes a law. May the hard work of Anna reflect in India with a corruption free environment!

Anna's Statement

Anna Hazare after his triumph on the issue of accepting the demand related to 'Jan Lokpal Bill' by the government in regard to anti corruption movement said:

"I thank all the parliamentarians for what they have done today. But today's victory is only a half victory for the Jan Lokpal Bill. This half victory is the victory of all Indians across the nation".

Another Feather on Anna's Cap

On 21st September 2011, a team of two Pakistani delegates named Nasir Aslam Zahid, a retired Supreme Court judge and presently a member of the India - Pakistan judicial committee on prisoners' justice along with Karamat Ali, trade union leader and peace activist. met the Indian social activist Anna Hazare at his native village, Ralegan Siddhi. The Pakistani delegates wanted Anna to visit Pakistan so that he may guide them to fight against corruption in Pakistan. They felt there is no Anna Hazare in Pakistan so they need Anna Hazare from India. Anna accepted the offer but it all depends upon his health. Great achievement!

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    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 3 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, DipankarChoudhury

    • profile image

      KUNAL KUMAR 3 years ago

      I LUV U AJA . U R MY HERO AND PHILOSOPHER

    • profile image

      moksha sanghvi 3 years ago

      very good bio of ana hazare

    • profile image

      santhosh 3 years ago

      thanks;

    • profile image

      sharmi 3 years ago

      i am grt fan of anna hazarae

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      saumya 4 years ago

      I also against corruption but government did not release her mistake we will take an other action against government .

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello rumanasaiyed,

      Thanks for your meaningful comment and also for the liking, vote and pin.

    • rumanasaiyed profile image

      Rumana 4 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

      I am fan of Anna Hazare because of his firm determination he showed against anti corruption. Thanks for sharing a hub on such person.

      Voted up Interesting and Pinned !

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, h

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      4 years ago

      anna ji ,apne ap ko surakhit rakhiye ye coroupt log apke jan ke dusman ho jayenge

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, Suman Nandi

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hope you enjoy your trip and enjoy it., mahesh Jangade

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      Suman Nandi 4 years ago

      A common Indian salute to U Anna. I am proud to be an Indian...

    • profile image

      mahesh Jangade 4 years ago

      I Am going to raleganshiddi to meet anna hajareji I Am so Happy

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, SHAIK.IMRAN

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, Rakesh Jain

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      SHAIK.IMRAN 4 years ago

      hai anna hajare is great man powerful man i am proud of uuuuuuuuuu

    • profile image

      RAKESH JAIN 4 years ago

      anna hajare is great i am proud of you

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, Priya

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      priya 4 years ago

      he is a great man & will always be the great & i m proud of him really

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 4 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello sarka kumat,

      Thank you for your read.

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      sarka kumat 4 years ago

      in 1999 for which reason anna hazare was doing hunger strike

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello,

      Biographies are no spicy stories. It's quite natural to get bored if you do not connect yourself with the personality. Thanks for reading.

    • profile image

      sakshee toshniwal 5 years ago

      boringggg

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, jitender chouhan from beawar

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      jitender chouhan from beawar 5 years ago

      i inspire from your biography i am with u to make my country free from corrpution

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello JK Samanta,

      Thanks for your comment.

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      JK Samanta 5 years ago

      I have been considering Shri Anna Ji as my "Guru". My only pray to God is that Give him more and more energy to fight against corruption and be a good India.

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks Nadeem ul hassan

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks Vikey shinde

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks parthkomalwad

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks Ramesh Badinedi

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      Nadeem ul hassan 5 years ago

      You are very grade person & you are going to true way , but we are with you

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      keep it up anna,take care of ur health,i love anna and india. 5 years ago

      Vikey shinde

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      IntegrityYes 5 years ago

      I sincerely apologize for that,Shampa. I meant to type,that article is so interesting. I know better. HAH-HAH! That article is so powerful and informative. Many need to read it often. Anna is great and extremely strong. I voted up for sure.

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      parthkomalwad 5 years ago

      anna ji plese ya lokepal pas kar do na...................................................:);)

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      Ramesh Badinedi 5 years ago

      I am supporting to Anna Hazare and I like the social activities which have done.

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello wangboi kom, prem kumar and anu joshi,

      Thanks a lot for your visit.

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      anu joshi 5 years ago

      anna hazare....you are great...!

      in fact every man is anna hazare...if he takes a resolve to fight evil....!

    • profile image

      prem kumar 5 years ago

      anna ji always with you

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      wangboi kom 5 years ago

      may god bless you forever bring the nation world top most peace and unity

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello mukesh. N,

      Thanks!

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      mukesh.N 5 years ago

      anna live forever, I am big fan of u.Don`t stop ur fast,we r always with u.

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello Ria Sarkar,

      Thanks for reading. I appreciate your thought. May we have more and more like him!

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      Ria Sarkar 5 years ago

      We are proud to have a social activist like Anna Hazare in our country................ Our country needs some more men like him.

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello IntegrityYes,

      We both follow each other and that's why I have approved your comment but failed to understand where is the poem in this article. This article does not contain any poem. By the way thanks for reading.

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      IntegrityYes 5 years ago

      That poem is so interesting.

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks!

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks!

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      nishandilya 5 years ago

      Anna ji ne corrept congress ko uska chehra dikha diya

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      omprakash 5 years ago

      anna ji ne sabit kiya ki education ko mul rup se jo present kare vhi vhi educated hain

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks for reading, rithik goel

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      rithik goel 5 years ago

      he is a true man who has supported indian's to fight against corruption

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thank you, S.Rajesh Kumar

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      S.Rajesh kumar 5 years ago

      I AM A GREAT FAN OF ANNNA HAZARE, i want also join with team anna hazare...help me on this....

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, Siddharth Pujari From Gulbarga

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      Siddharth Pujari From Gulbarga 5 years ago

      The Great Man of India,i dont hav words to say about our real hero Anna Hazaare...............vande mataram jai hind

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      sakshi, thanks

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      sakshi 5 years ago

      Anna hazare ji feeling proud to have a hero lyk u in our India!!!

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      lokesh pandey 5 years ago

      what isjanlokpal

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Right, Thanks

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      raju 5 years ago

      v r proud to have anna in our country

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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks GAUTAM ADITYA and I loved your saying.

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      GAUTAM ADITYA 5 years ago

      MAHATMA GANDHI WAS GREATEST , ANNA IS LATEST

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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks, ranjeet kumar yadav

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      ranjeet kumar yadav 5 years ago

      sabhi youth ko ak bar swami viveka nand ki book jarur padani chahiye ......anna ji mahan aur aadarsh hain..........

    • profile image

      sanjay bhatt 5 years ago

      I AM A GREAT FAN OF ANNNA HAZARE . KEEP ON WE WILL BE ALWAYS WITH YOU

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      k.m.mani 5 years ago

      anna hazre contuct the movement against the corruption in india. so we are should be give the cooperation with hazare , and we will do appearance of majority for make the lokpal bill .

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      shailesh shukla 5 years ago

      Anna ji...

      feeling good after reading this,keep it up!

      i am always with you.

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      narendra kumar patel 5 years ago

      good evening anna hazare ji .thanks for anticurrption

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      anshul purandare 5 years ago

      anna is indian national supar heroas.anna you can fight a continiu we whith you.anna ji sangharsh kra amhi tumcha sobat aahe.dav pan aaplaya sath deyial.

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      PARASHURAM YADAV 5 years ago

      COMMON HAZARE GI U BEAT THE CONGRESS PARTY

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      s mariyappan chennai 5 years ago

      very exellent

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      kavya(8 class) 5 years ago

      Anna you were simply super.i like your thinking keep going keep your health safe. try to fight against unjustice in another way but don't spoil your health.keep rocking

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 5 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Thanks debjanidi.

      Thanks Abdul Kareem and sandeep bajpai for supporting the anti corruption movement.

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      sandeep bajpai 5 years ago

      anna tum sanghrash karo hum tumahare sath hai

    • profile image

      ABDUL KAREEM 5 years ago

      in his Bold & active thinking he was fighting against corruption, Its our duty to support him. Anna Hazare is not a single man all our brothers and sister in Our India Should give hand.

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      debjanidi 6 years ago

      very informative article

    • shampa sadhya profile image
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      Shampa Sadhya 6 years ago from NEW DELHI, INDIA

      Hello Trsmd,

      Thanks for reading.

      We all know that India is full of corruption but the point is how many of us have even thought of raising voice against it. Almost nil in comparison to our population and sufferings due to corruption.

      Anna Hazare must be admired for his courage and lots of thanks to him for his guts at 74.

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      Trsmd 6 years ago from India

      I know anna hazare . I like his war against corruption in india .

      Jan lokpal bill is the right of indian people.