ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Freedom of Speech The CIA Way

Updated on August 29, 2012
Frank Wisner, Director of the Office of Policy Coordination
Frank Wisner, Director of the Office of Policy Coordination

A Little Recent History

In the early days after September 11, 2001, Americans were bombarded with media headlines designed to keep our attention focused on our terrible loss, reminding us at every opportunity where we could place our blame. We were reminded of the tremendous threat of the Muslim world beyond our borders. Though such countries were half way around the world, we were made to feel as though they were a hair's breadth away, creeping onto our doorsteps, trying the locks and seeking concealed crevices from which they might pounce upon us unaware.

As time moved slowly forward, fear was replaced with anger when major television networks aired the recorded threats and diatribes, directed at all things American, by one Osama Bin Laden. These network news shows remained on the air for hours at a time, analyzing and discussing what the latest outburst from the Muslim extremists might mean for the safety of the United States and her citizens. Again, we were led to be afraid. We were told we had a right to be angry. We had a right to thirst for blood. The networks played to those among us who would scream for retribution, demand a military action to exact our revenge. The screams would not go unheeded, for we were playing right into the hands of our government. Dreams turned to plans for occupying and controlling the Middle East had long been in the works.

The news networks didn't only play to the hot tempered extreme patriotism some of us felt. They also played to those of us who wanted to display our humanitarian traits. Many Americans refused to get caught up in the behavior of harassing and belittling the Muslims next door who had been their neighbors for years. We wanted to honor the foundations of our country, remembering how our ancestors had come here as immigrants, perhaps also hated and rejected. We wanted to believe that those we had welcomed openly, would not turn on us now. We wanted to believe those same neighbors did not have anything to do with the tragedy of 9/11.

The weeks turned into months and serious questions about the validity of the official stories were being questioned. At first, small tidbits of information that didn't fit with the official story were repressed or denied. Then some very credible scientists started to weigh the evidence against the story. Retired servicemen and intelligence agency personnel began to voice doubts, using their extensive experience in like situations against what was currently taking place.

After years of conspiracy theories and innuendos, some people began to demand investigations that didn't smell of corruption and coercion. The fiercest patriots turned their anger against those who wished for proper investigation, proclaiming that failure to accept the given story was tantamount to being a traitor. America turned her anger and fear against herself, creating a nation divided, which is exactly what those in power wanted to happen.

Allen Dulles, CIA Director
Allen Dulles, CIA Director

The CIA Is Formed

These are the same tactics used by the CIA since its inception in 1947. These are the very tactics used by the Nazis as they worked to put Hitler at the head of a New World Order. It isn't surprising that Nazi tactics were embraced given that the CIA had recruited many of the Nazi intelligence network into the American agency.

There's a name for what is happening in our country, just as it happened in the 1950's. Xenophobia is described as having a deep-rooted antipathy towards foreigners. It is also the fear or aversion to other cultures and belief systems. It was the result of a collection of CIA backed campaigns concentrated on keeping Americans in fear of the Soviet Union and Communism.

Frank Wisner was appointed director of the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC), a newly formed branch of the CIA, in 1948. It was to become the espionage and counter-intelligence branch of the CIA. The secret charter of the OPC was to be an organization that concentrated on “propaganda, economic warfare; preventive direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition and evacuation measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to underground resistance groups, and support of indigenous anti-Communist elements in threatened countries of the free world.”

Operation Mockingbird

That same year, Wisner established the secret program, Mockingbird. Its purpose was to influence the domestic and foreign media. His first recruit for the operation was The Washington Post publisher and co-owner, Philip Graham. After appointing Graham to run the project from within the industry, Wisner went on to recruit other respected members of journalism who were affiliated with The New York Times, Newsweek, CBS, and others.

One of the most important journalists controlled by Operation Mockingbird was Joseph Alsop, a columnist who's accredited with having been syndicated in over 300 different newspapers. Other journalists alleged to have promoted views from the CIA perspective included Stewart Alsop (New York Herald Tribune), Ben Bradlee (Newsweek), James Reston (New York Times), Charles Douglas Jackson (Time Magazine), Walter Pincus (Washington Post), William C. Baggs (The Miami News), Herb Gold (The Miami News), and Charles Bartlett (chattanooga Times). It's also alleged that Wisner even commissioned articles to be written with classified information provided by the CIA.

Cord Meyer who had already been spying on liberal organizations of which he had been a member, was recruited to the CIA by the director, Allen Dulles. He became known as Mockingbird's “principal operative.”

By 1953, the entire network came under the jurisdiction of Dulles. By this time, there were over 25 newspapers and wire agencies in the CIA's pockets. These media organizations were run by those known to possess right-wing views. William Paley (CBS), henry Luce (Time and Life Magazine), Arthur Hays Sulzberger (New York Times), Alfred Friendly (managing editor of the Washington Post), Jerry O'Leary (Washington Star), Hal hendrix (Miami News), Barry Bingham (Louisville Courier-Journal), James Copley (Copley News Services), and Joseph Harrison (Christian Science Monitor) were a few of the media profession to have joined in the effort.

It took an immense amount of money to run a media project of such size. To fund the effort, hundreds of millions of dollars were skimmed from the Marshall Plan, officially known as the European Recovery Program. While a large amount of the money was used to bribe journalists and publishers, Wisner was always looking for ways to convince the public of the dangers of Communism.

In 1954, Wisner arranged for the Hollywood production of George Orwell's classic, Animal Farm. In the original work, the farm animals looked back and forth between the tyrannical pigs and the exploitative farmers but found it “impossible to say which was which.” It was a comparison between communism and capitalism, with the ending giving the impression that either was no better than the other. Wisner didn't like that ending. The CIA purchased the rights after the author's death and changed the ending to make its message more anti-Communist. The ending to another of Orwell's works, the book 1984, was changed to reflect the character's hate for Big Brother rather than his love.

Animal Farm wasn't the CIA's only attempt at dabbling in movie media. In response to criticism from the Soviet sectors of the world regarding America's race problem, one operative who was also a producer and talent agent, slipped affluent-looking African-Americans into several films as extras.

During the 1950's, more than 3,000 salaried and contract employees were engaged in propaganda efforts. In addition to commissioning articles with a decidedly right-wing spin, and manipulating the works of authors and Hollywood, Wisner was also able to restrict newspapers from reporting about certain events, such as the CIA plots to overthrow the governments of Iran and Guatemala.

Thomas Braden, Operation Mockingbird operative
Thomas Braden, Operation Mockingbird operative

Tom Braden, Mockingbird Operative

Many years later, Tom Braden, who played an important role in Operation Mockingbird, revealed just what that role had been: “If the director of the CIA wanted to extend a present, say, to someone in Europe – a Labor Leader – suppose he just thought, 'This man can use $50,000. He's working well and doing a good job' – he could hand it to him and never have to account to anybody...There was simply no limit to the money it (the CIA) could spend and no limit to the people it could hire and no limit to the activities it could decide were necessary to conduct the war – the secret war...It was a multinational. Maybe it was one of the first. Journalists were a target, labor unions a particular target – that was one of the activities in which the communists spent the most money.”

These days I do not turn on my television set. I do not turn on the radio while I wash my dishes. I do not spend a dollar to buy a newspaper. I have become so tired of reading news which is nothing more than carefully orchestrated propaganda directed at convincing me to stop thinking for myself and let my government provide the guidance to my thinking, that I often find myself immersed in researching the past, looking for clues which will bring the answers for correcting these wrongs.

What I've discovered is disheartening, yet brimming with hope. Between the pages of history, we find events of the same nature as what we are experiencing today. It is disheartening because we see history in the process of repeating itself. It is full of hope because we can remember what led us to allow our freedoms to be impeded, and dare to stand firm in our guard against it.

If you find this information helpful or interesting, why not pass it on by clicking the Tweet, Like, or +1 buttons provided at the top of the page?


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Terri Meredith profile imageAUTHOR

      Terri Meredith 

      7 years ago from Pennsylvania


      Let me be very clear on this topic. I am Not saying we do NOT have anything to fear from Islam. In the hands of the extremists who would take physical action to bring about fruition of their plans for a global caliph, it is a threat which needs to be addressed yesterday. As for the charges you make regarding the “stated 'method' of conquest,” I also make no argument, there. In fact, that is the point of my arguments.

      For decades, the US government has moved forward on an agenda of which only a select few Americans have been privy. The methods of infiltration are exactly what we have done to those we wish to put under our rule, or to keep under our thumb. Why do you think so many jobs have been outsourced to South Asia? The more American businesses operating in a specific foreign location, the more important foreign governmental decisions become to American interests. We use our businesses as a means for opening the doors to our entrance into the decision making of their governments. When these foreign governments stand firm in their resolve to do what is best for their own people, rather than what is most beneficial to the US, our government takes action against them. More often than not, we replace their rulers with our own choice and use whatever excuse will play on emotions in the US, usually through reports of acts against humanity.

      I stand by my reference to xenophobia. The US government and mass media play to Americans' emotions, strumming the strings of fear like master musicians. Yes, there is reason to fear the entrance of Islamic beliefs and doctrines into our own governments. Yes, there is reason to fear the suicidal fanatics which seem to be born and bred under the Islamic religion, and we are constantly reminded of it everyday. The horrors are kept in the forefront. Americans are kept in a state of fear for a reason. Emotions are not reasonable or logical. When one lives in his emotions, his judgment is clouded, and he can not think logically. Emotional people will go to great lengths to find relief.

      US government brought the fanatics into our country! Our government gave them military training, encouraged them to become adept at terrorist long as they were directed at US enemies. Our government created the problem, through deception and hidden, secret operations, and now they are offering solutions......those which, bit by bit, limit or remove American freedoms.

      The mass immigrations are just one more result of the dirty deeds in which the US government has been involved. Though seriously problematic, neither mass immigrations nor Islam in America is the problem to which we must find immediate solutions. They are simply results of a larger more threatening problem; that of our government taking steps to render themselves outside the laws on which we are founded. So long as Americans are splintered, focusing attention and energy on the hundreds of issues brought about by bad government, we will not be heard nor heeded. In case you hadn't noticed, American opinion doesn't count for much with the US government. We have not been able to present a fully unified front that can be taken seriously.

    • mslizzee profile image


      7 years ago from Buncombe County, NC

      Well, I'm not sure I agree with everything you've written. I do believe we have much to fear from Islam and one need only read their doctrine or the stated goal of the Muslim Brotherhood founder. They clearly mean us no good. I don't see this as xenophobia. I do indeed fear the mass immigration of Islam into this country because that is the stated "method" of conquest. Unlike any other cultural movement into America this is a culture with a stated goal is to kill anyone that does not acquiesce. First they must outnumber us and infiltrate into our government, schools and communities. That is the stated method and they are working very hard at it. America needs to get a grip on the immigration into this country. Not only do we have this Islamic threat but by sheer numbers Mexicans are changing the culture of the S/W. We now have students demanding that Mexican history, not American be taught in school and other radical groups have formed in which they claim the S/W is their territory, they own it and they even fly the Mexican flag over their businesses. This is just not right.

      I have not observed our government trying to warn us of these two mass immigrations in fact the contrary. We have presidents and congressmen constantly expounding on the blessings of immigration and how it is necessary to make citizenship easy to obtain and bringing groups of them into the country en masse and granting ammesty and calling Islam the religion of peace. If Americans are duped, they have been duped into being complacent.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)