ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Growing An Economy

Updated on July 3, 2014


An economy is based upon trade. We go to the marketplace, either in person or digitally, and buy the goods (cabbages, shoes, DVDs, meat) we need. We also enter the market place to purchase services such as healthcare and education.

This market place is where we purchase accommodation either through a rental agreement or a purchase and mortgage plan. There are other possible combinations such as cooperative housing but generally people either rent or buy for themselves and their family.

We pay for the purchase with either cash or credit. We earn the cash by exchanging our labour in one of the enterprises in the market place for it.

Now, if we pause to give some careful consideration as to where we shop, by that I mean at which enterprises we make our purchases, we can make some choices and it is those choices that assist us to build local economies.

The demand for locally produced goods such as witnessed in the local food movements, when combined with rising transportation costs and environmental concerns, encourages the movement of the production facility closer to the marketplace.

Money spent in the local economy recirculates and is spent again, enriching a community with another cycle of buying and selling. This is the “multiplier effect.”

This process is referred to as relocalizing the economy. A relocalized economy may invoolve: reduced consumption, locally produced energy and goods, living wages, and environmental restoration.

The consumers choices you make can shorten the distance between producers and consumers, and make the connections between the two more direct. This local economic activity becomes a benefit to the local community.

I have been reading an excellent book by Vandana Shiva, Soil Not Oil: Environmental Justice in an Age of Climate Crisis (South End Press, 2008) , the following quote points out a way that we can grow strong local economies.

"As the fossil fuel economy has grown, it has substituted energy for humans. On the one hand, this has rendered humans redundant to the economic enterprise of production. It has created the crisis of poverty and unemployment, of dispensability and disposability. On the other hand, it has led to the problem of carbon pollution. Whereas humans are sustained by renewable carbon embodied in plants and biomass, industrial energy consumes fossil fuel, adding more CO2 to the atmosphere than the planet can recycle."

Part One


TED: Cradle to Cradle

Taking Action


How do we go about growing an economy? The first step is to understand your spending behaviour not simply as a means to get various items but a means through which you make choices, You choose what companies to support, what products to buy and where you shop, online, Big Box store or at a locally owned and operated business for example.



Three areas that are suitable for community economic development or for growing a strong local economy are:



1- locally produced energy

2- locally produced goods

3- environmental restoration.



It is well past time that we took a closer and more serious look at producing energy within the community rather than relying on a large corporation to deliver it to your home or place of business over a considerable distance.



There have been a number of advances in both photovoltaic and wind energy that are making these two renewable technologies more affordable to consumers. If new buildings incorporated these technologies in the construction phase they would be even more reasonable.



For example solar shingles rather than regular shingles. A roof needs shingling so why not do it right.



Local Energy Production:




Solar water heaters are another way to use the energy from the sun to provide you with hot water and keep your electric bills down.



The practical research needed to make these renewable technologies even easier to adapt could be done at local community colleges, possibly in partnership with a private enterprise.



The sales of finished products that are market ready could pay for the costs of production and the students would get hands on learning. In time, the number of people qualified to build, install and repair sun and wind energy systems would grow.

The localized production and education could keep money circulating within the community.



Community wind farms are another idea that has to be given a closer examination. The project may involve one wind turbine or a number of turbines.



Local Food Production:




Food production in urban centres may well be the place to begin developing strong local economies. To begin with everyone has to eat and most of us want to do so on a regular basis. This is a common ground that can be used to bring people together to discuss how they can work together to meet their food needs from main courses to condiments.



Agriculture is a major industry and moving food from the field to the kitchen is a huge enterprise. It is possible to reduce the distance traveled, improve the quality and freshness of the product and reduce our use of fossil fuels to do so.



Meat and diary producers would be located on farm land that is near to the community and may even provide the opportunity for consumers to enjoy an outing while going out to the farm to purchase the goods.



Cheese makers could be located near to the milk producers and have an on site sale room that could include a plant tour and some product samples. This combines food production with tourism and opens the door for local food tourism enterprises.



In town and village there could be urban agricultural sites that produce all the fruit, vegetable and herb needs.



This also paves the way for local businesses to make herbal vinegars and teas for example.



Growers and producers could participate in a local farmers market which would include regional crafters and artists.



Growers could also sell from their farm site direct or through a cooperative food buying program.



Environmental Restoration:




Most municipalities have areas that have become run down or litter attractors. They are also likely to have abandoned industrial sites such as factories or gas stations which are known as brownfields.



The restoration of these brownfields can not only improve the visual appeal of the municipality but can be an economic activity.



Housing is one use, affordable, accessible and environmentally sound housing is one project. Urban gardens are another.



Green spaces bring tranquility and can cause visitors to slow down and look around; they might even park the car and take a stroll down that tree-lined avenue.



I have only scratched the surface with the ways that we can reclaim our communities and take control over our work as well as create economic activity and grow an economy.



Perhaps the first step is to look at the money you spend on shopping as an investment when you invest it locally you help build your community when you spend it in a shop that is owned by a corporation far from your home, you are sending that money away.


Submit a Comment
  • Bob Ewing profile imageAUTHOR

    Bob Ewing 

    10 years ago from New Brunswick

    If you want to eat a banana or an orange both of which are not local to my region that is okay, but buy then from a local grocer.

    I see fruit grower as a potential enterprise bringing back heritage varieties that were once grown in the region, for example.

  • Ken Devonald profile image

    Ken Devonald 

    10 years ago from Edinburgh

    One problem we face with local food production is that people are now conditioned to expect fruit all year round, regardless of seaon.

    When I was a child, apples and plums were seaonal. We had varieties of apples that were grown to be eaten early in the season, in the middle of the season, and at the end of the season. Apples that could be bottled, stored in boxes in a cold place, or left on the tree until needed. The season was extensive, probably 6 months long.

    Now, we have a limited number of varieties. The ubiquitous Golden Delicious, now available all year round. Boring! Plums imported from Africa or South America. Hard and underripe. You don't get the excitement of a decent ripe plum, juice dribbling down your chin because it is picked just before it is sold and doesn't need to travel for a week or more.

  • Bob Ewing profile imageAUTHOR

    Bob Ewing 

    10 years ago from New Brunswick

    I had a similar expereince in a locally owned second hand book store. The owner knew me and let me take a book valued at over 30 buck and I'd pay him next time I was in.Two days later i was there and paid him and he gave me a 3 dollar discount. Now that is service.

  • Sufidreamer profile image


    10 years ago from Sparti, Greece

    With you all the way, Bob. The solar heating is planned for next year. We try to spend as much as possible in the local economy. Not only does it recycle through the area, it also buys a lot of goodwill.

    I went to my local shop the other day, and forgot my wallet. No problem - the owner knew that I would pay the next time I was down.

    Cannot imagine Wal-Mart or Tesco letting me do that!


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)