ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Let's Call It What It is: Anarchy

Updated on March 28, 2019
Ewent profile image

As we all sit back and watch what appears to be an attempt to dismantle democracy, let's call it what it really is: Anarchy

Anarchy On Our Doorsteps?

What Is Anarchy?

Ideology, of itself, is really a form of philosophy. Thus, it can be said anarchy is a philosophical ideology.

The History of Anarchy

Primarily, anarchy began as a 19th century movement established by French philosopher, socialist and Libertarian political writer, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, considered the "Father of Anarchism."

Born in Besancon, France in 1809, to a poor laboring family, his first studies began at a local secular school. By age 19, he was forced to find work in a printing establishment in Besancon.

By 1837, Proudhon published his first philological treatise, "Essai de grammaire generale." As a philologist, it was his job to study of literary texts, as well as oral and written records, the establish their authenticity and original form, and determine their meaning. One year later, he was awarded a pension by the Academy of Besancon. It would be forfeited in 1840. The forfeiture was due to his publishing his now most famous tome, "What is Property? (English translation)"

To understand anarchy better, it is necessary to understand that Proudhon questioned the ownership of property in a pamphlet with the title (English Translation) "Property is Theft."

This led to his arrest and prosecution for holding such revolutionary opinions that was a backhanded insult to the French government and then, King Louis Phillipe I.

The jury was not capable of understanding his abstruse arguments and thus his case was dismissed.

In his next and most important political treatise, Systeme des contradictions economiques ou philosophie de la misere in 1846, he outlined his revolutionary doctrines.

When he moved to Lyon in 1843, he began an active radical movement there. An attempt to operate an interest free bank based on gratuitous credit soon failed. In 1849, he was sent to prison for his violent attacks on the government.

As a result of his imprisonment, he became less and less an active agitator and polemicist, instead devoting himself to political reform in government.

Not one to be silenced, in 1858, he published "De la justice dans la revolution et dans l'eglise that aroused a storm of protest from the Church and other institutions he attacked. .He was forced to flee France for Brussels. When he returned to Paris,years later much of his former activism and attacks on formalized government and organizations he'd attacked faded. He died in 1865 in Paris, leaving behind the remnants of his philosophical ideology popularized in his book, "What is Property?" among a wide field of anarchistic proponents.

The Formal Definition of Anarchy

The formal definition of anarchy is holding the belief that society should be controlled entirely by voluntarily organized groups and not by the political state.

Coercion, according to anarchistic doctrine is to be dispensed with in order that each individual may attain his most complete development.

Most anarchists lean heavily toward a syndicalist structure of these voluntary groups under which goods are exchanged without profit with participants sharing equally in the produce.

Anarchism is divided between those who favor nonviolent means to attain their goals and those who use terror, "the propaganda of the deed."

There were two prior major anarchist uprisings in the US. The Haymarket Square riot of 1886 and the of US President McKinley in 1901 by anarchists. This assassination led to the US prohibiting anarchists from entering the country.

The Haymarket Square Riot

Though it is rarely mentioned in most history books today, the Haymarket Square Riot took place in Chicago’s Haymarket Square. It began as a labor protest that turned violent when someone threw a bomb at police. Eight people were left dead.


According to the dictates of the times, the bombing attack on police was viewed as a violent form of anarchy.

It was later determined that the emerging American labor movement included a radical faction of communists, socialists and anarchists who believed the capitalist system should be dismantled due to exploitation of workers. Numbered among those radical labor protesters were immigrants, many of whom were from Germany.

The Assassination of President William McKinley

President William McKinley served two terms, chief among his economic policies was his questioning of his own high tariff doctrines in September 1901.

In an about face, McKinley advocated a world reduction in customs rates by way of reciprocal treaties. With his proposal in Congress, he would not live to see it adopted.

He was killed on September 14, 1901 by anarchist, Leon Czolgosz. from Alpena, Michigan who was a steel worker at Cleveland Rolling Mill Company. When the Crash of 1893, closed this company, Czolgosz's interest in labor strikes and anarchy. Downtrodden, he moved to his father's farm in Ohio.

He became more interested in political radicals like Emma Goldman, to whom he expressed disappointment in socialists. She introduced him to her anarchist friends like Emil Schilliing and Abraham Isaak, publisher of the Free Society newspaper.

He attended the Pan American Expo in Buffalo,NY which President McKinley also attended. armed with a concealed .32 caliber Iver Johnson "Safety Automatic Revolver he purchased a four days prior.

He President McKinley, standing in a receiving line inside the Temple of Music where the president greeted the public for 10 minutes. at 4:07, Czolgosz reached the front of the line. The president extended his hand to Czolgosz who slapped it away. He shot the President in the abdomen twice at point blank range. But, the first bullet ricocheted off a coat button and lodged in McKinley's jacket; the other seriously wounded him in his stomach.

President McKinley died eight days later on September 14 of an infection which had spread from the wound.

Czolgosz was charged with first degree murder and died by electrocution.

Is White Nationalism Linked to Anarchy?

White nationalism on its face is racism. But, if you look behind the face of racism, you see how easily white nationalism is linked to anarchy.

White Nationalists hold that white people should maintain their majority in majority-white countries, maintain their political and economic dominance, and that their cultures should be foremost. So while the focus is pivotally racist on white people, it maintains the same basis of political and economic dominance over those they consider inferior.

White Nationalists and those who espouse it behave in the same radical ways out of their specific ideological philosophy as anarchists also do.

There may even exist a divergent group within White Nationalists known as National Anarchists who are radical, anti state, anti capitalist and anti-Marxist ideologues.

As with anarchists,ideally power rests in the hands of voluntary hate groups such as "Proud Boys," a neo Fascist, radical far right group. This group was was started in 2016 by Gavin McInnes, co founder and former commentator on Vice Media.

Proud Boys is open to men only and openly promotes political violence as anarchists do.

In 2018, USA Today reported that the number of hate groups rose to its highest levels in 20 years.

Anarchy on Our Doorsteps?

If you study those who espouse anarchy, there a single thread that seems to link all anarchists and hate group members: Rejection of authority which in their ideological view does not justify itself.

We hear labels today like "far right, far left, progressives, centrists and Evangelists. The reality is that anarchy is not a label but an attempt to take freedom from others. You can be far right and be killed by an anarchist if you dissent from their directives. You can be far left and speak out against anyone who tries to demolish your government and be mowed down by an angry anarchist.

It isn't that all anarchists are violent savages. It is that ALL anarchists want to possess autonomous authority, the very issue they claim to be most at odds with.

The basic premise of authority that justifies itself is the foundation of an organized society. However, of itself, authority can be easily bastardized for psychological, emotional and sociological power. This is proves anarchy has no basic use.

How close is the US to anarchy on our doorsteps? It is as close as the next knock on your door by an anti government hater group member.

The entire force behind today's anarchists is to demolish the US government and replace it with a small powerful self appointed group.

It is true that US government and democracy is not perfect. The Founding Fathers didn't expect it to be perfect. Is anarchy perfect?

The brilliance of the Preamble to the US Constitution states it best:

"We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of States.

In anarchy, there is no perfect union. There is only promulgated authority of the few for the many. There is no real union either because anarchy can be violent depending on the attitudes and interpretation of "authority."

Thus, a society dependent on the whims of a self appointed voluntary group that grabs authority for the purpose of dissent may be the first step toward dissolution of civilization as we know it.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Ewent profile imageAUTHOR

      Eleanore Ferranti Whitaker 

      14 months ago from Old Bridge, New Jersey

      This article ONLY addresses a growing and all too visible problem in the US today. Bossy, overbearing bullying. Anarchists admit openly their entire premise of their contrarian society is based on individualism born of voluntary group choices.

      There are almost 300 million American living in the US. Our society must have some basic rules and regulations. Anarchists do not want rules or regulations.

      Their philosophical premise is "individual" first. Sorry no common sense in allowing almost 300 million Americans to go their own way without any basic structure.

      If they cannot use common sense and understand the concept of "truths to be "self evident," then don't try and politicize lack of common sense.

      The Founders knew right from wrong. Some Americans today do NOT want to be bound by holding these truths to be self evident that they do not make rules for society they expect others to obey.

      Society in the US has always made the rules and regulations we need to keep ourselves and our kids safe and protection from those contrary authoritarians of anarchy whose only real desire is an end to any organized form of government.

      Sorry, not on MY tax dollars.

    • ValKaras profile image

      Vladimir Karas 

      14 months ago from Canada

      I recently made a promise to myself (and to some happy others) not to comment on another political article.

      Well, I don't see your article as "political", but philosophical. As some of us know, philosophy consists of the Study of State, Logic, Ethics, Esthetics, and Metaphysics.

      And, in my view, Study of State differs from politics in similar way that justice differs from a trial's objective, which is primarily a matter of courtroom's "legal trickery" -- not necessarily resulting with justice.

      With this behind us, I think I am in agreement with your post by contending that the modern version of democracy in all western societies is but a perversion of what is its ideological definition.

      Politics has been sized down to mostly a power struggle, the heat of which feels more like a hellish inferno to the public, than a warmth of security to their homes.

      Like you so nicely said it, anarchy has many faces, and one of them is displayed by this very tag-of-war between career-oriented individuals mainly concerned about security of their position. It's nothing even close to a unified effort of two different ideologies to focus on the issues of national significance.

      It's becoming painfully obvious that democracy is turning into an anarchistic farce, with even the public splitting into camps in this unfortunate national division.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)