ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Modi Strikes Down Article 370 but a Sterner Test Is Ahead and Muslim Kashmir Valley Is Restive

Updated on August 8, 2019
emge profile image

A senior air warrior, graduate from the Staff College and a PG in military studies. He is qualified to write on war and allied matters

Deed is done

I am reminded of a poem by Robert Frost which ended with the line" the woods are lonely dark and deep and I have miles to go before I sleep." This, in a nutshell, sums up the predicament of the Indian prime minister Narendra Modi. He has scrapped Article 370 and its corollary 235a from the constitution of India. This was the easier part as the BJP and Modi had the backing of the entire nation and more than a two-thirds majority in both houses of Parliament. The MPs voted for the motion put forward by home minister Amit Shah.

Kashmir has now lost its special status in the Indian Union and will have to obey all Indian laws and decisions of the government of India. All Central laws would be applicable to the state and it would not have its own flag constitution and constitution.

Further Government Action

The Indian government has amended the constitution after meticulous planning. There has been a show of force and all internet connections switched off. This has helped in suppressing the voices of dissent. The state has three parts which include the predominantly Hindu region -Jammu and the largely Buddhist region of Ladakh. The valley which is the third component is predominantly Muslim.

Modi has moved to bifurcate the state and the area of Ladakh is separated from Kashmir and made into a union territory to be governed directly from Delhi. The other two regions namely the Jammu and Kashmir Valley have been formed as a union territory which will again have a lieutenant Governor to be appointed from Delhi. Modi has finished Kashmir as a distinct state and has now changed the rules of the game as far as Jammu and Kashmir is concerned

The regions of Jammu and Ladakh are delighted with the developments. They wished to be independent of governance from the Muslim Kashmir as hardly any money was spent on development in their regions. The Ladakh MP's speech in Parliament Express praised the Modi government for separating it from Muslim dominated Kashmir


The Big Question

The big question now to be answered is what will be the reaction of the Muslim population of the Kashmir Valley. The valley as it stands will become a small part of of the state but at the same time the population there has to accept the present status. This is unlikely as the younger population of the states is fired by ideas of Jihad and Jannat and will sacrifice their lives for what they feel is a usurpation of their rights.

This is the real danger and there are elements in Pakistan and Pakistan government who have a stake in furthering unrest in the Kashmir Valley. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru committed a great mistake when in his zeal to placate the Muslim population stopped all migration and settlement in the state from other parts of India. The net result is that Kashmir continues to be the dominant Muslim State. In fact, the situation was so bad that the elements of Jihadis carried out a program of rape and murder and expelled more than 200,000 Hindu Pandits from the valley despite a Congress government at the center which did nothing.

The Valley

There is no doubt the situation in the valley once the restriction is lifted will be tense. Pakistan is the key player in this scenario. The Pakistan Prime Minister is at his wit's end and he is being taunted by the opposition parties as a man who has failed in his policy against India. In such a situation there is every likelihood of the terror organizations in Pakistan trying to infiltrate into the Kashmir Valley and carry out terrorist attacks in collaboration with their supporters.

There may be many supporters and this could fuel the supply of suicide bombers. One has only to see the situation in Palestine which is a small area but suicide attacks and terror activities have been going on for almost 40 years. The question arises as to what is can be the solution?

There is no immediate solution on the horizon and the Indian security forces will have to fight the sponsored terror groups from Pakistan. There can only be one change and one road and that is too slowly change the demographic profile of the Kashmir Valley. Earlier Kashmir was insulated from the rest of India by article 370 which now has ceased to exist.

Future

One can have a look at China and evaluate how it has gone about solving the problem in Sinkiang which is similar to the Kashmir problem. The Muslim community of Sinkiang the Uighurs have started an insurrection against the Chinese government. China has come down heavily on the Muslims and has settled a vast number of Chinese from Manchuria there. They have also banned the Muslim way of life like wearing burkha and fasting during Ramadan.

I am the first man to say that such a situation should not be allowed in Kashmir but there is no doubt that the failure to integrate the state with India during the last 70 years was mainly due to the policy of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He has brought about the present situation. The Modi government will now have to bite the bullet and make efforts to win the hearts of the local boys by giving them employment and a better life.

Last word

Another example which comes to my mind is that of the Chakma Hill tribe in Bangladesh. Their insurrection was snuffed out by settlement of Bengali Muslim farmers in the Chittagong hill tracts and changing the demographic profile of the region. The push and pull theory of migration will be applicable to the valley and if there is the growth of industry along with the settlement of workers from outside Kashmir that benefits local people, is the only hope for the Modi government. The clock has now turned full circle and cannot be put back and Kashmir for all practical purpose is now another part of India.



Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      MG Singh 

      20 months ago

      Pamela,

      The root of the problem is the fact that Muslims do not want to integrate with the mother country. They believe in Jihad and Sharia. This is fueled by a dream of Paradise (Jannat ) which they will get after Jihad. Muslim anywhere in the UK and USA ( I have spent many years there) want a separate identity and their own laws. That problem can never be solved.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      20 months ago from Sunny Florida

      I really like your articles as I don't fully understand all the problems of India, which I know include the Muslims, the Kashmir Valley, and Pakistan. I hope for the best for India.

      I listened to a video of a Muslim women in e under the USA. She said they want to change everything so Americans lived under Sharia law. If immigrants come to your country instead of assimilating to your way of life it seems they want to change everything to their way of life, to which I totally disagree.

      I don't know if that is what is happening in the Kashmir Valley, but I have to disagree with this way of thinking. I also know that Pakistan is a threat to India. We do not hear much of our news, so I always appreciate your articles as I would like to understand what is happening in the great country of India. This well-written article does advance my understanding of the problem India faces at the present time.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      Lt Co; Cheema,

      Great suggestion, hope GOI is studying it in detail

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      SS Singh, Modi has done the impossible and caged the tiger of article 370. Simply great

    • profile image

      Lt Col BS Cheema 

      20 months ago

      I agree with the author that India must do what China is doing to control its restive provinces. CERTAINLY SETTLING OF Indians from all other areas should be on the cards and I think there is no better way than this to thwart the design of Pakistan

    • profile image

      SS Singh 

      20 months ago

      Modi is a man, made of stern stuff. He is a selfless leader who is leading India. forward. There is a good chance that he will emulate what China has done in Tibet and Sinkiang and India will be better off. The Kashmir problem will also cease to exist.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)