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Conspiracy Theories

Updated on April 13, 2018
Sudhir Devapalan profile image

I am a front-end developer by profession, but I enjoy writing articles about anything mysterious, interesting, and fascinating.

The term conspiracy refers to a secret plan by a group to do something wrong or unlawful. A conspiracy theory is an explanation given for an event that causes unwanted suspicion. These events or plan can be carried out by the government or other powerful players. According to the political scientist Michael Barkun, conspiracy theories rely on the following three principles: "nothing happens by accident, nothing is as it seems, and everything is connected". There are a number of conspiracy theories out there sparked by the wild imagination of people. Some appear to be somewhat true whereas some are hilariously crazy. Here are some of the more famous and interesting theories.

1. New Coke:

New Coke
New Coke

The recipe for Coca-cola is one of the best-kept secrets. It is said that only two people in the world know of the recipe. However, Coca-cola was losing its popularity to Pepsi-cola and something needed to be done. So in April of 1985, they modified the recipe and introduced a "New Coke". This did not turn out so well as the new taste was not well received and they went back to the original Coke within three months and rebranded it as Coca-cola classic. Surprisingly, after reintroducing the original flavor the sales for Coca-cola went up sparking a new conspiracy theory.

There is a theory that they intentionally made the new Coca-cola recipe bad so that they can reintroduce it again soon. Some argue that this was a marketing ploy in order to gain back the market share from Pepsi. However, the company has stated that the new Cola was a genuine attempt to improve its flavor (Blind tests which were conducted also favored New Cola). In response to the accusation, the President of Coca-Cola Donald Keough said: “Some critics will say Coca-Cola made a marketing mistake. Some cynics will say that we planned the whole thing. The truth is we are not that dumb, and we are not that smart.”

2. Artificial Diseases:

HIV/AIDS the virus which destroys the immune system was discovered in 1981. And since its discovery, there have been speculations that the disease was created by the CIA to wipe out the homosexuals and African Americans. Some also say that this was a chemical experiment done by the CIA on unsuspecting people in Africa and Haiti which got out of control. Scientists have discovered that AIDS, like Ebola, was initially a disease present in Chimpanzees which jumped the species barrier to infect humans. Since the people who were initially affected were either gay men or African Americans, this made people think that it was the work of the CIA.

3. Moon Landings:

Moon Landings
Moon Landings

During the cold war era, the USA and the Soviet Union were in a race to send the first human to the moon. And on 20th July 1969, the United States won by sending the first person to land on the moon. Or did they fake it? This is one of the most famous conspiracy theories with a lot of evidence pointing out that the greatest achievement done by man might actually be false. Here are a list of the arguments which suggests that the moon landings were faked:

1. The cross-hairs present in the photos sometimes appear behind certain objects which suggests that certain objects in the images were added over them. Some of the cross-hairs also seem to be rotated.
2. There were no stars in the images taken. The astronauts also have not reported seeing any stars.
3. The angle and color of the shadows were inconsistent suggesting that the lighting was from an artificial source.
4. The flag placed on the moon fluttered despite the fact that there is no wind on the moon!
5. The Space shuttle left no blast crater where it landed and there is no evidence of scattered dust. However, there were footprints of astronauts. How would that be possible if even a large Space shuttle could leave no trace or crater on the moon surface?

There are a lot more pieces of evidence which point out that the moon landings were staged. Many of the NASA personnel mysteriously died after the moon landings which is also strange. It is for you to decide whether the moon landings did actually happen or not.

4. Global Warming:

Global Warming
Global Warming

Global warming or Climate change is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature around the world. The average temperatures around the world have risen by 0.75°C (1.4°F) over the last 100 years. This has been caused by deforestation and rise in pollution. Due to Global warming, the glaciers are starting to melt at an alarming rate, there is a change in precipitation and weather patterns. Drought, famine, and floods are common.

But why is Global warming part of this list? That is because there are a group of people who believe that the concept of Global warming is a hoax. Some argue that the facts and data are manipulated by scientists for idealogical or financial purposes. Donald Trump is a popular believer in the Global warming hoax and has tweeted a number of times regarding the issue.

5. Area 51:

Area 51
Area 51

Area 51 is a highly classified the United States Air Force facility present within the Nevada Test and Training Range. The facility was used initially for the development of the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft after World War 2. However, there are many rumors to the tests and experiments done there. One of the more famous conspiracy theories is the 1947 Roswell crash. In 1947 a rancher discovered an unidentified debris in his field. The local authorities covered it up as a crashed weather balloon but some say that it might have been the wreckage of an extraterrestrial flying saucer. It is said that the alien was studied in area 51. There is one more conspiracy theory that during 1969 the moon landings were filmed by the US government in one of the hangers there. The reason for so much controversy is the high level of security present in area 51 which makes it just too suspicious.

6. The Pyramids:

The Pyramids
The Pyramids

There have been a lot of controversies on who built the Pyramids. The gigantic scale and awe-inspiring dimensions have led people to believe that normal humans could not have been able to construct the Pyramids. Humans had not mastered the art of construction as of yet and even the usage of the simple rope pulley was not known. The geometrical accuracy of the structure is also astonishing. The builders also had a deep understanding of astronomy. So how could humans have built these structures? Or was it built by someone else?

Some believe that the Pyramids were built by Atlanteans, a lost race of with ancient technology. They had constructed the Pyramids after their home of Atlantis was destroyed by the deluge. Others argue that the Pyramids were constructed by extra-terrestrials. They believe that the aliens would visit Earth regularly and their existence is evident from the use of ancient magic and the Great Pyramids. Each culture's religion and mythology seem to reflect the garbled memories they had of the extra-terrestrials. Without the help of aliens, the construction of the Pyramids would have been impossible. There is even a Conspiracy theory which says that Dinosaurs helped build the Pyramids! Whatever may be the case, the construction of the Great Pyramids was a brilliant feat of engineering.

7. False Flag Operations:

False Flag Operations
False Flag Operations

The term false flag operation refers to a covert operation which is carried out by individuals or groups to deceive people. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the most famous conspiracies of this category. During World War 2, Franklin D Roosevelt wanted to join the side of the allies but there was a widespread public opposition to this. So all he needed was a cause to unite the public in favor of a war against the Axis powers. The Japanese would give Roosevelt the opportunity he needed and he grabbed it with both hands. Any nation would be alert in its security measures and especially if almost the whole world was being sucked into a bloody conflict like the world war. America also had imposed huge trade restrictions against Japan that a conflict was inevitable.

However, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor the Americans were utterly demolished. They didn't have a single clue of the attack till it was underway and it cost them everything. They lost most of their fleet and 2,335 personnel were killed. Were the Americans really so clueless or did they have an even bigger part to play in this event? Conspiracy theorists say that Roosevelt knew about the imminent attack and did nothing so as to gain the support of the public to go to war against Japan. None of the three aircraft carriers which America had were present in Pearl Harbor at that time which also proves as evidence that they knew that the attack was coming and they wanted to protect their most valuable asset.

9/11
9/11

Another famous Conspiracy theory is that of the September 11 attacks against the United States. There is a theory that the government of the United States knew of the attacks beforehand or had an active part in them. Using the September 11 attacks they could advance their geostrategic interests and justify their invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq. Some say that the World Trade Center was rigged with explosives before the planes crashed into them. It is also surprising that no tall frame building had collapsed due to a fire before 9/11. There have been reports of explosions inside the WTC and the almost free-fall collapse of the building is strange.

8. New World Order:

New World Order
New World Order

The Latin phrase "Novus ordo seclorum", appearing on the back of the U.S. one-dollar bill since 1935, translates to "New Order of the Ages". The New World Order (NWO) is a conspiracy theory which claims that a group of powerful people is running the world or on the verge of gaining control. One interpretation is that the New World Order is a fulfillment of the prophecy of "end time" in the Bible where people make a deal with the Devil for power and wealth. These people are now merely pawns in a supernatural game of chess playing their part for the Devil. Even extraterrestrials have been included in the New World Order and are said to have dominant roles.

It is also believed that the New World Order is being implemented by the cult of intelligence at the core for mass surveillance of all people. This is said to be done using Social Security numbers, Universal product code markings, and RFID tagging. Company logos have been associated with the NWO for something as little as a triangle, eye, or compass which is their symbol. The area below the Denver Airport is said to contain an underground bunker which serves as the headquarters of NWO. Its convenient location and its unusually large size (largest airport in the USA) seems to lead people to think that it might be a cover-up for something big. The art present in the airport also seems strange and the runways resemble a swastika. Now that's strange.

9. Did Hitler Survive:

Hitler
Hitler

We have been told that Adolf Hitler had committed suicide in his bunker in Berlin on 30th April 1945. But is that really true or had Hitler escaped from the allies? Declassified FBI documents contain sightings of Hitler after the war and theories of his escape from Germany. DNA tests done on the skull fragment present in Hitler's bunker which was supposed to have belonged to him was recently identified to be that of a woman aged under 40. So what happened to Hitler and if he did survive, where did he go?

A number of U-boats carried Nazi officials and loot to Argentina where the Nazis were supported by future president Juan Perón. CIMELODY-3’s (CIA spy) friend states that during the latter part of September 1955, a Phillip Citroen, former German SS trooper, stated to him confidentially that Adolph Hitler is still alive. It is believed that Hitler and other Nazi officials plotted a Fourth Reich but they were unable to implement it. Although many people brush this theory off as rubbish, there have been many eyewitnesses to verify that Hitler might have indeed lived to a ripe old age of 95.

10. Flat Earth Society:

Flat Earth Society
Flat Earth Society

During ancient times people believed that the Earth was a flat plane or a disc. The idea of a Spherical Earth was introduced by the Greek philosopher Pythagoras (6th century BC). The evidence to prove that the Earth was round was provided by Aristotle. But the fact is that there are still many people who believe that the Earth is flat! They believe that by observing the nature of the world around us such as the movement of the sun, the flatness of the earth and clouds it is clear that the Earth is flat.

There are also references that the Earth is flat in various cultures and religions. The most famous proof of flat earth theory is the Bedford Level Experiment. This experiment was used to measure the curvature of the Earth along a six-mile length of the Old Bedford river. If the Earth was flat they should be able to see the entire length without the Curvature of the Earth affecting the vision. Although they were able to produce positive results this was due to the refraction of light creating a mirage. It is very strange because the people of the Flat Earth society are serious about their belief.

According to them, the earth is surrounded on all sides by an ice wall that holds the oceans back. Gravity is caused by the constant acceleration of the Earth around the sun much like how you are pushed back when your car accelerates. Day and night cycles are explained by assuming that the sun acts like a spotlight and shines downward as it moves. So when it is above your head, it is day and when it is not, it is the night. They claim that space travel was faked and the pictures taken of the Earth are all manipulated images. The people at NASA are not hiding any secrets but since they have not actually traveled to space they are trying to portray the world as of how they know it from childhood - a sphere.

© 2017 Sudhir

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    • Sudhir Devapalan profile image
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      Sudhir 3 months ago from Chennai, India

      Ya that's really interesting. There were a number of other warnings as well. One US destroyer had actually sunk a Japanese midget submarine that day and even the radar had picked up planes as they approached. However they seem to have dismissed that thinking it was a regular drill. The most interesting fact is that the two US carriers were not present in Pearl harbor that day. These two vessels were the most important for the US navy and the US government probably wanted to protect their most valuable asset for the coming war.

    • biomechanics2018 profile image

      biomechanics2018 3 months ago

      It's more then a theory, there are hard facts but they are being suppressed, etc.

      Far as Pearl Harbor: "Allegations regarding Pearl Harbor

      See also: Operation Bolivar

      In 1941, Popov was dispatched to the United States by the Abwehr to establish a new German network.[24] He was given ample funds and an intelligence questionnaire (a list of intelligence targets, later published as an appendix to J.C. Masterman's book The Double Cross System). Of the three typewritten pages of the questionnaire, one entire page was devoted to highly detailed questions about US defences at Pearl Harbor on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. He made contact with the FBI and explained what he had been asked to do.

      During a televised interview, Duško Popov related having informed the FBI on 12 August 1941, of the impending attack on Pearl Harbor. For whatever reason, either the FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover did not report this fact to his superiors,[25] or they, for reasons of their own, took no action in regard to this apparent German interest in Pearl Harbor.

      Hoover had a distrust for Popov considering the fact that he was indeed a double agent. MI6 had given the FBI in New York a notice that he would have been showing up. Popov himself has said Hoover was quite suspicious and distrustful of him and, according to author William "Mole" Wood, when Hoover discovered Popov had taken a woman from New York to Florida, he threatened to have him arrested under the Mann Act if he did not leave the US immediately." Interesting isn't it?

    • Sudhir Devapalan profile image
      Author

      Sudhir 3 months ago from Chennai, India

      That's an interesting fact! Although the new coke is considered a conspiracy, it is said that they conducted blind taste tests and people liked the new coke more than Pepsi but still it was a failure. I feel that Pearl Harbor could have been a conspiracy as the government and military were not nearly as alert as they should have been (the whole world was at war and this can hardly be considered a surprise attack!). The US wanted to go to war desperately and they wanted to give the public a good excuse. As for the 9/11 attacks, I really do hope the theory is not actually true as it would be a really scary world to live in.

    • biomechanics2018 profile image

      biomechanics2018 3 months ago

      WOW, Sudhir, you and I are on the same page on many subjects. A quick note on Coca Cola, in the beginning they used the extract of coca; "Coca is known throughout the world for its psychoactive alkaloid, cocaine. The alkaloid content of coca leaves is relatively low, between 0.25% and 0.77%.[4] The native people use it for a stimulant, like coffee, an energy source. Coca leaf extract had been used in Coca-Cola products since 1885, with cocaine being completely eliminated from the products in or around 1903.[5][6] ". Also what do you think of the 911 attacks?

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