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Customs and Beliefs of Wicca

Updated on June 27, 2014

Not all who are Wiccan will observe all these beliefs or customs but most will follow them in some form. Wicca is believed to be a modern version of a pagan religion that draws upon the past of religious pagan rituals and its structure. The “newer” version of witchcraft became popular in the late 1950’s and early 60’s and thus became known as Wicca.

Wicca is primarily based on the concept that there is a God and Goddess, that they complement each other and are the divine creators of the cosmos. Often in covens the Goddess is given precedence over the God and is celebrated more widely, individuality chooses the preference. The most often used Goddess is the Triple Goddess of the Moon, (Maiden, Mother, Crone) and the most often used God is the Horned God of Death and Rebirth.

All Wiccans are believers that the Divine Spirit is present in all things, creatures, people, plants, trees even stones. That we all should live in harmony with the Nature around us and the Earth we live on. The Wiccan number one “rule” as it were is “ And ye harm none, do as ye will.” It is also wise to be kind and generous to others as another “rule” in Wiccan is that what you send out comes back threefold, another version of be careful what you wish for.

There is no equivalent of the Bible or other holy book in Wicca. It is believed that we all have access to the Divine ones and no intermediary is needed. The concept of original sin, Satanism, sacrifices, redemption, confession, judgment, Hell and Heaven, sex as sin and desecration of the dead are not a part of Wicca and have no relevance. Many Wiccan’s may have what is called a Book of Shadows where they will keep their own spells or rituals so as not to forget and to possibly pass on to future generations. Wiccans do not “recruit” others to follow their path, it is believed the soul knows and will follow what is meant to be.

There is also no central church-like organization within Wicca, most often the term used is a coven which can consist of 3 to 13 people that share similar beliefs and wish to practice in the same way. There are also many of us who are individuals who do not belong to a coven as we like to practice alone.

Karma and reincarnation are valid concepts in Wicca, hence the Threefold Rule. Magick is practiced for positivity in healing and helping, for spiritual guidance and safety. Whenever possible rituals will be performed out of doors at the New and Full Moons and for the 8 Sabbat festivals that mark the passing of the year. Commonly referred to as the Wheel of the Year, it means the Earth’s annual season cycle. The 8 Sabbats are Yule, December 20-23, Imbolc, February 2nd, Ostara, March 19-22, Beltane, May 1, Midsummer, June 19-23, Lughnasadh, August 1, Mabor, September 21-24 and the Samhain, November 1st.

I do not know where I found this, but this is the first thing in my own personal Book of Shadows:

Whenever ye have need of any thing, once in the month, and better it be when the moon is full, then shall ye assemble in some secret place and adore the spirit of She, who is Queen of all witches. There shall ye assemble, ye who are fain to learn all sorcery, yet have not won its deepest secrets; to these will She teach things that are yet unknown. And ye shall be free from slavery; and as a sign that ye be really free, ye shall be naked in your rites; and ye shall dance, sing, feast, make music and love, all in Her praise. For Hers is the ecstasy of the spirit, and Hers also is joy on earth; for Her law is love unto all beings. Keep pure your highest ideal; strive ever towards it; let naught stop you or turn you aside. For Hers is the secret door which opens upon the land of youth and Hers is the cup of wine of life, and the cauldron of Cerridwen, which is the Holy Grail of immortality. She is the gracious goddess, who gives the gift of joy unto the heart of man. Upon earth, She gave the knowledge of the spirit eternal; and beyond death, She gives peace and freedom, and reunion with those who have gone before. Nor does She demand sacrifice, for behold, She is the mother of all living, and Her love is poured out upon the earth. Blessed Be!


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      Saniyya 3 years ago

      Hi, I am Cindy.. I really don't know that much about the Wicca ways. I do know from liltte up, that I knew things. The last decade of my life has been a lot of sorrow. Family members passing away to losing my animals of old age and then myself passing away.. Upper resp. failure they called it from stress, that brought on my asthma.. I do remember passing and a couple of ppl working on me from the other side.. There were ppl standing side by side and two ppl working on my back where my lungs are.. The marks are still there.. Sometimes I feel like I am on a different plan then some.. Does any of this make sense to you? There was a time before my mothers passing that, I had butterfly's come to me. Hundreds of them, on my familys mountain ground and the same thing happened to my mother? Then a few months later mom passed away.. I am trying to make sense of these things.. If you have any input it would be helpful.,. Thank You for listening .

    • JesadaB profile image

      JesadaB 3 years ago from Home!

      Thanks Banjo!

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      Banjo 3 years ago

      You've really captured all the estsienals in this subject area, haven't you?

    • JesadaB profile image

      JesadaB 5 years ago from Home!

      Thank you so much WiccanSage! I am always interested in learning anything I can about, well everything! Thank you for stopping by and your comments. Blessed Be!

    • WiccanSage profile image

      Mackenzie Sage Wright 5 years ago

      Nice info. Since discussion came up in the comments, I hope you don't mind if I add that wheel of the year was actually a construct of Gardner's coven. Though the holidays all have older roots, no single ancient Pagan religions (including any Celtic tribal religions- which did not have a unified holiday calender) followed it intact. And it is actually comprised of both Celtic and Germanic-rooted holidays. Though modern Wiccan celebrations are quite different than what the original seasonal celebrations were to ancient Pagans., and many Wiccans adapt it to match their own local agricultural cycle or personal pantheon, majority follow it in one way or another. Great info.

    • JesadaB profile image

      JesadaB 5 years ago from Home!

      Thanks again Angie, that is very cool that there is a hamlet named Wicca! I to tried to find even an iota of information on it, but it brings up a multitude of other things, so one day you may have to go ask someone how they came to have the name of Wicca there. It would make an interesting Hub I am sure.

      Thanks for stopping by!

    • Angie Jardine profile image

      Angie Jardine 5 years ago from Cornwall, land of the eternally youthful mind ...

      I think this is the clearest explanation I have read of the rites and beliefs of the Wiccan system.

      I live in Cornwall and right down in the west of the country - just before you fall off the end of Britain into the Atlantic is a tiny hamlet called … Wicca … a magical and pretty place.

      I would dearly love to know how it got its name.

      Intriguing and most useful hub, Jesada. Many thanks.

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      Daphne Shadows 5 years ago

      You're welcome. I'm no expert! I just like doing research into whatever I fancy. They are the original Celtic Festivals and I know that some Pagans and Wiccans use them. I'm glad you didn't think I was being snotty or mean. :D

    • JesadaB profile image

      JesadaB 5 years ago from Home!

      I cannot say all Wiccans follow the Wheel of the Year, but it would probably be a very common thing among us to do so. No offense is taken, curiosity is an awesome thing and thank you for letting me know the Wheel is not original to Wiccans, I did not know that!

      Thanks for stopping by Daphne!

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      Daphne Shadows 5 years ago

      The Wheel of the Year picture is of the 8 Celtic Festivals. Its not Wiccan in origin, its used by Wiccans. I was just curious, do all Wiccans follow the 8 Celtic Festivals? No offense meant or anything... again, I'm just a curious soul. ;D