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Salt and Light of the World

Updated on February 28, 2010

Metaphors of Matthew

Recently, in Bible study at my church, we have been studying the book of Matthew. In Matthew Chapter Five, Jesus is on Mount Zion teaching his disciples. His teachings from the "Sermon on the Mount" have become beloved cornerstones of our Christian faith. The beginning of this sermon was the "Beatitudes". A few very familiar phrases from the Beatitudes are "Blessed are the meek, blessed are the mercyful, blessed are the peacemakers."

In this sermon, Jesus also reviews the importance of the ten commandments, and in Matthew 5:13, he tells his disciples that "Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt lost its savor wherewith shall it be salted?" In Matthew 5:14 he says "Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid."

For myself, this metaphor of salt and light is very intriguing. There is so much meaning both in Biblical times, and today in those words.

Reflections of Faith
Reflections of Faith

What is meant by "Salt and Light?"

In our Bible study, we had much discussion on this subject. "Salt" as stated in the text can have many meanings. The word "salt" can be taken literally as a preservative. It is also thought of as "pure", and sometimes as a metaphor for wisdom. When Jesus was speaking though, he was speaking to the disciples, so it is common to think that the disciples, and now us as Christians, are the "Salt of the Earth." If we remain humble and good, we will not lose our "saltiness."

"Light of the World" is actually easier to visualize. We agreed in our study that Jesus is the light of the world. As Christians, we also shine with his light. We have to let our light shine in our everyday life, and our everyday walk with Jesus. Our lamp should be always on, and shining to welcome new Christians to join us within the light.

City of Light

"City on a Hill" -  The phrase for me conjures up visions of a beautiful hillside city like San Francisco, with houses and shops lining hilly streets.  Matthew 5:14, after telling us that as Christians, we are the "light of the world,"  continues on to say that "a city on a hill cannot be hid."

As Christians, we are watched by the world.  Our own actions can reflect good or bad on our entire faith.  One of our group members brought up the fact that if you put a "fish symbol"  on the back of your car, you had better be prepared to be a skillful, and patient driver.

Throughout the years, the phrase "City on a Hill" has been used in speeches by our most important leaders.  In 1961, John F. Kennedy gave a powerful speech to America where he said that "we shall be as a city on a hill."  "The eyes of all people are upon us."

There have also been multiple Christian worship albums composed of various artists with the album titles of "City on a Hill."

On our Knees

The contempory Christian artist, TobyMac, has a song called "City on our Knees," that is presently being played on Christian Radio. This is a really beautiful song with a great message.

The song begins with the lyrics - "If you gotta start somewhere why not here" "If you gotta start sometime why not now" "If you gotta start somewhere I say here" "If we gotta start sometime I say now" "Through the fog there is hope in the distance, from cathedrals to third world missions, Love will fall to the earth like a crashing wave."

For me those lyrics sort of sum up the true meaning of "salt and light." With the light of GOD there is hope for the world.


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    • susansisk profile imageAUTHOR

      Susan Sisk 

      7 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Often people have old political stickers on their cars, too. They might not even support the person on the sticker anymore, but they don't ever remove them.

    • Dolores Monet profile image

      Dolores Monet 

      7 years ago from East Coast, United States

      A lovely hub. And I like your comment about the fish symbol on the car. Anyone who places a symbol on their car (representing anything) really should mind their manners as people wind up judging the whole crowd on what one person does.

    • susansisk profile imageAUTHOR

      Susan Sisk 

      8 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Thanks DeBorrah and febridethan for reading. Blessings to you both.

    • febriedethan profile image


      8 years ago from Indonesia

      Thank you for sharing this, God Bless You :)

    • DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

      DeBorrah K Ogans 

      8 years ago

      Susansisk, Nice hub! You have made a very good point! " If we remain humble and good, we will not lose our "saltiness."

      Thank you for sharing, Blessings!

    • susansisk profile imageAUTHOR

      Susan Sisk 

      8 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Thanks jeremy! I'm glad you liked it. I love writing on "Hubpages". this is my favorite website.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      That's a great article. Keep up the good work!

    • susansisk profile imageAUTHOR

      Susan Sisk 

      8 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Thank you very much. My husband and I love Bible study because we learn something new each time we go.

    • Artin2010 profile image


      8 years ago from Northwestern Florida, Gulfcoast

      Yes, we are called the salt, the light, Gods elect, chosen people, My Sheep, the light of the world and many other descriptive alias. Gods manifold mercy and grace is seen by others through the worshipping christian I think. A very good hub. I'm blessed to have been able to read your work. Thank you for sharing. May the blessings of God be with you!


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