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What Is Acne - How Do You Get Acne Pimples and Scars

Updated on March 6, 2013

Firstly, if you have come to wrong place and are looking for ways to cure and treat acne, then look here for answers. But I highly suggest that before you go ahead and try to cure your acne you should learn some basics about what acne is and why it occurs. Knowing you enemy is half the battle, as they say.

What is Acne?

The word acne, some times referred to as pimples or spots, derives from the Greek word akme, meaning "point" or "spot."

Acne is medically referred to as Acne Vulgaris. It is a skin condition related to the oil-producing glands (sabaceous) under the skin, and occurs when these glands are blocked up, become inflamed, or infected. It is also related to the base of hairs.

Our skin has tiny holes, or 'pores' which are connected to oil glands under the skin by tiny follicles. As a reaction to hormones in the body these glands to produce Sebum, an oily substance. This substance in turn carries dead skin cells to the surface of the body, through the follicles and out the pores of the skin.

How this in turn becomes acne is when the follicles and pores become clogged and bacteria is able to grow in the blocked up points. As a result of this, and an overproduction of sebum, the oil glands become enlarge, becoming what we know as a pimple or a spot.

Acne and Puberty

Acne predominantly occurs during puberty (beginning from 12-14) because this is the time when the body is producing large quantities of hormones and therefore the sabaceous (oil) glands are in turn producing large quantities of sebum which compound the chances of the follicles becoming blocked up. This is why acne is such an acute problem for adolescents through to young adulthood, when the body finally reduces the mass of hormones in the body.

Additionally, hormonal variations cause the cells of the top layer of skin (epiderms) to over produce, forming an added layer to the skin. This is another factor which contributes to the blocking of the sebum oils from the sabaceous glands; leading to block matter, in turn becoming infected with bacteria.

Various Types of Pimples

There is a variety of pimples or spots, he is an explanation of how a few of them develop:

Blackheads are formed by a chemical reaction to the dead skin (which are push out by the oil glands) when they are combined with the sebum (the by product of hormones) and come into contact with the air, resulting in the oily substance turning into a black color. These, therefore, are not caused by dirt; but by a chemical reaction in the oil glands.

Whiteheads are very small white points, generally painless, which remain under the skin. These occur as in a similar fashion to blackheads, only the chemical reaction does not take places. When the pores or follicles are blocked, air cannot reach inside the opening and therefore the oil and dead skin cells remain white. Additionally, due to this blocked passageway, they do not reach the surface, rather stay under it.

If you wish to find out more about Acne cures and remedies, please visit this page which contains simple ways to treat and cure acne


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