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Computer programming languages and generations

Updated on June 20, 2009

Computer programming languages and generations

Programming languages are use to write application programs which are used by end users. The programming languages are generally used only by professional programmers to write programs. The development of programming languages has improved considerably with the ease and ability of programmers to write powerful applications programs that can solve any task in the world today.

Each computer programming language has its own distinctive grammars and syntax and its own manner of expressing ideas. In principle most computational task could be accomplish by any of the languages but the programs would look very different moreover, writing a program for a particular task could be easier with some languages than the others. The various generations of computer programming languages are discussed below.

  1. 1st generation languages

The first generation computer language was machine language, all the machine used machine code which consisted of 0s and 1s. Machine language is highly efficient and allows direct control of each operation; however programmers had to write computer programs using 0 and 1. Some of the drawbacks of the first generations languages were

· Programs were difficult to write and debug

· Programming process was tedious

· Programming was time confusing

· Programs were error prone

  1. 2nd generation languages

These were developed in the early 1950s with the ability to use acronyms to speed programming and coding of programs. They were known generational languages were called assembly languages. They had the capability to performs operation such like add, sum. Like machine languages, assembly languages were designed for specific machine and microprocessor, this implies that the program cannot be move from one computer architecture without writing the code which means learning another language where you are to transfer the programs.

  1. 3rd generation languages

These were introduced between 1956 and 1963 which saw a major breakthrough in computing history with the development of high level computer languages popularly known as 3rd(3GLS). Example of the 3rd generation languages includes the following

FORTRAN – Formula Translation

FORTRAN was developed in 1956 to provide easier way for scientific and engineering application and these were especially useful for processing Numeric data.

COBOL – Common Business Oriented Languages

COBOL came into use in the early 1960. It was designed with business administration in mind for processing large data types with alphanumeric characters which were mixture of alphabet and data and does repetitive tasks like payroll. The other language was BASIC. These were the early computer programming languages in the early history of computers, since then there has been improvement and this will be discuss later.


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    • SEO Expert Kerala profile image

      SEO Expert Kerala 7 years ago from KERALA

      what abt 4 th and 5 th generation languages ?

    • oderog profile image
      Author

      oderog 7 years ago from Nairobi

      Thanks SEO Experts, will discuss that later

    • profile image

      aina 7 years ago

      you provide clear infomation. keep it up!

    • oderog profile image
      Author

      oderog 7 years ago from Nairobi

      Thanks aina, hope to provide more

    • profile image

      Abdul Hussein 7 years ago

      kl guys

    • profile image

      divyansh dhakre 7 years ago

      thanx its niceand has helped me a lot.......

    • profile image

      ITjob 7 years ago

      Computer languages are optimum. They are soe kind of a universal Esperanto. Perhaps, one day English will not be an international language any more but some computer alnguage will be use at least in writing.

    • profile image

      WTH 7 years ago

      you missed generations 4 and 5

    • profile image

      Opara Mary 7 years ago

      thanks this really helped me a lot

    • profile image

      jack murray 7 years ago

      good job helped me so much

    • profile image

      Coder 6 years ago

      Good stuff, thanks for posting this!

    • profile image

      Ashu sharma 6 years ago

      Thanx i am the student of computer science&engineering. I wana more information about computer..

    • profile image

      Midhun 6 years ago

      thanks u r providing me corect information, wat abt 5th generation

    • profile image

      anand 6 years ago

      anand is a very great boy.he got finish mca.the he want available in any jobs for me.so if u give any useful jobs for me.

    • profile image

      anand 6 years ago

      anand is a very great boy.he got finish mca.the he want available in any jobs for me.so if u give any useful jobs for me.

    • profile image

      jang 6 years ago

      your information is right and correct plz tell us about forth and fifth generations also.

    • profile image

      Oyetunji sheyi 6 years ago

      Appreciated pls i'll lyk if u can simply tell us how 2 run a program

    • profile image

      Rabin Dhakal 6 years ago

      what about 4th and 5th generation

    • profile image

      Grace 5 years ago

      its unfortunate there is no informaton on the 4th generation

    • profile image

      Sheenu 5 years ago

      Good performance. Please provide about 4th and 5th generation also

    • profile image

      john 5 years ago

      tell us more about fourth and fifth generation please

    • profile image

      Hannington Kosgey 5 years ago

      Please include the 4th & 5th generation though you did a great Job which aided me alot.

    • profile image

      felix ongati 5 years ago

      kudos

    • profile image

      Onwurah George 5 years ago

      Job well done. Put more effort to incluld upto 7th generation, i hope u will do so.

    • profile image

      olaoluwa olubola 5 years ago

      quite impressive

    • profile image

      gracee 5 years ago

      well done,, but we need to know much about the remaining generations

    • profile image

      chandni&meenu 5 years ago

      good, but we need to the description

      of 4th and 5th generation

    • profile image

      tamara 5 years ago

      pease put a definition of the 4th and 5th definition.

    • profile image

      Olaoye Gabriel Olayinqa 5 years ago

      I need informations on the fourth and fifth generations..please help me out... Am a computer science student.

    • profile image

      bindu 5 years ago

      i want which is earliest computer language....

    • profile image

      sakshi chandel 5 years ago

      good job....it helpd me a lot..

    • Java Programs profile image

      Java Programs 5 years ago from India

      great job ..... your hubs are excellent ..... thank you so much .....

    • profile image

      ssematimba SSEBLAW 5 years ago

      Great job... still needs further editing to symplify the work of the juvenile programmers

    • profile image

      Fatorisa olakunle 5 years ago

      Pls try two explain better in 5th generation

    • profile image

      ajuri osrodanwi 4 years ago

      It is very very excellent but just have to provide the forth and fifth language

    • profile image

      beth joan 4 years ago

      please provide the notes for my sake may be by the end of thi year

    • profile image

      hafsah 4 years ago

      So does the 6th generation exist?

    • profile image

      Milcah 4 years ago

      Great work op u wil work on 4th n 5th generation

    • profile image

      abigail 4 years ago

      i need information on the fourth and fifth generation

    • profile image

      gourav thakur 4 years ago

      great introduce by 1st , 2nd ,3rd generation..........

    • profile image

      issack 4 years ago

      plz i need 4 generations of computer programming languages

    • profile image

      eric 4 years ago

      I need informations on the fourth and fifth generations

    • Taranwanderer profile image

      Taranwanderer 2 years ago

      I always was a big fan of learning Fortran. Nice contribution - check out my electronics engineering and computer hub if you get a moment. Thanks! https://hubpages.com/technology/Careers-in-Electro...

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      Ankit sj 2 years ago

      its very clear and good,and thanks me lot

    • profile image

      Ankit sj 2 years ago

      its very clear and good,and thanks me lot

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