34 Most beautiful travel destinations in Russia, only for nature fans
Natural parks, nature reserves
Lena Pillars, Yakutia
Lena Pillars - a natural park in Russia, located on the banks of the Lena River in Yakutia Khangalassky region 104 km from the town of Pokrovsky. Stretches for many miles vertically elongated rocks complex, intricately piled along the shore of the Lena, deep valley cutting through Prilenskoye plateau, never ceases to attract photographers and travelers. Maximum density pillars reach between the villages of Peter and Tit-Ary.
The height of the rock formations up to 100 meters. Scientists believe that the formation of rocks began 560-540 million years ago, and the very formation of the Lena Pillars as a form of relief - about 400 thousand years ago.
Natural Park "Lena Pillars" was organized on the basis of the presidential decree of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) on August 16, 1994 № 837 and government decree of 10 February 1995 and is subject to the regional Ministry of Nature Protection. Area of the park - 485 thousand hectares. Park consists of two branches - "Pillars" and "Sinskaya."
Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka
Valley of Geysers, one of the largest geyser field in the world and the only Eurasia, located on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Kronotsky State Biosphere Reserve, which is located in the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the natural complex "Volcanoes of Kamchatka".
The valley is a deep river canyon, Geyser, in carrying on an area of about 6 square meters. km are numerous outlets geysers, hot springs, mud pots, hot pad, waterfalls and lakes. On this, the territory of the observed abnormally high biodiversity and high contrast of natural conditions and climate. The ecosystem of the Valley of Geysers is unique for the whole country. On the territory of the valley acts reserved mode.
Since 1992, under a contract with the reserve, organized helicopter tours, a strict set of rules for the organization of excursions in order to maintain the balance of the ecosystem.
In 2008, by a vote of the Valley of Geysers joined the list of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
Pillars of weathering, the Republic of Komi
Pillars of weathering - geological monument located in the Trinity-Pechora region of the Komi Republic in the territory of the Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve on Mount Man-Pupu-Ner ("Little Mountain idols" in the language of Mansi), between the rivers and Pechora Ichotlyaga . Within this extraordinary place are many legends. Poles are considered one of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
Pillars of weathering are quite far from the inhabited places. Get to them - in some sense feat. To do this, by the way, you must get a pass from the administration of the reserve. On the part of the Sverdlovsk and Perm regions have pedestrian route from the Komi Republic - road, water and hiking routes.
About 200 million years ago on the site of the stone pillars were high mountains. Rain, snow, wind, frost and heat gradually destroys mountains, and especially weak rock. Solid-sericite quartzite schist less destroyed and preserved to this day, and soft rock weathering were destroyed and demolished by wind and water in the relief depressions.
One pillar height of 34 m, stands somewhat apart from the others. Six others were lined up at the edge of a cliff. Poles have bizarre shapes and depending on the place of inspection, a figure reminiscent of a huge man, the head of a horse or sheep. That's really true: this place is ideal for fantasy photographer! In the past, Mansi deified enormous stone statues, worshiped them, but on the rise Manpupuner considered the greatest sin.
The Curonian Spit, Kaliningrad region
Curonian Spit - a sandy spit, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon. It is a narrow strip of land and a long saber shape that separates the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea and extending from the city Zelenogradsk to the city of Klaipeda (Smiltyne) (Lithuania). Title Spit comes from the name of the ancient tribes of the Cours , who lived here before the colonization of Prussia Germans.
Length - 98 kilometers, width varies from 400 meters (near the village of Forest) to 3.8 kilometers (near Cape Bulvikё, just north of Nida).
Curonian Spit - a unique natural and anthropogenic landscape and areas of exceptional aesthetic value: Curonian Spit - the largest sand body, part, along with the Hel Peninsula and the Vistula, in the Baltic complex sand spits, which has no analogues in the world. A high level of biological diversity due to a combination of different landscapes - from desert (sand dunes) to the tundra (bog) - gives an idea of significant ongoing ecological and biological processes in evolution.
The most significant element of the relief Spit is a continuous strip of sandy white dunes width of 0.3 - 1 km, part of approaching the highest in the world (up to 68 m). Due to its geographical position and orientation from north-east to south-west it serves as a corridor for migrating birds of many species, flying from the north-western regions of Russia, Finland and the Baltic countries to the countries of Central and Southern Europe. Every spring and fall over the oblique flies from 10 to 20 million. Birds, many of which will stop here for rest and feeding.
Favorable climatic conditions allow to rest on the Curonian Spit in the period from May to November.
In 2000, the Curonian Spit was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Nature reserve "Pillars"
The reserve is located in the north-western spurs of the Eastern Sayan Mountains, bordering the Central Siberian Plateau.
Natural protected area boundaries are right tributary. Yenisei to the north-east - the river Bazaikha, in the south and south-west - and Big River Man slime. From the northeast area is bordered by the city of Krasnoyarsk, to the border of the reserve can be reached by bus. The reserve was founded in 1925 on the initiative of residents to preserve natural systems around the picturesque syenite residual outcrops - "pillars." His current area - 47,219 hectares. Presented to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Lake Baikal, eastern Siberia
Hardly Baikal need any description, but still ... Baikal - the deepest lake on the planet, the largest natural reservoir of fresh water. Lake and coastal areas feature a unique variety of flora and fauna. Local residents and many people in Russia traditionally called Baikal Sea.
The maximum depth of the lake - 1642 m - was established in 1983, LG batters and AI Sulimov during hydrographic work.
The average depth of the lake is also very high - 744.4 m. In Lake Baikal in the world only two lakes are deeper than 1000 meters: Tanganyika (1470 m) and the Caspian Sea (1025 m).
One of the trademarks of Russia, a place that you want to see with my own eyes at least once in your life!
Lake Seliger, Tver and Novgorod region
Another place needs no introduction. By the way, Seliger has another name - Ostashkovskoe lake, under the name standing on the lake shore town of Ostashkov.
The lake area is 260 square kilometers, including about 38 square meters. km are on the island (there are more than 160 at Seliger). The largest among them - the island Khachin.
Basin area - 2275 sq. km.
Seliger takes 110 tributaries. The largest - River Krapivenka, roach and Seremuha. It implies only one river Selizharovka. The lake lies at an altitude of 205 meters above sea level and has a glacial origin. This explains its original form - it is not a lake in a familiar concept, but rather a chain of lakes that stretch from north to south and 100 km of interconnected short narrow channels. The coastline length of 500 km is different indented - forested headlands, deep into the land vdavshiesya picturesque bays, various shapes of the island.
Water in Seliger transparent, transparency is 5 meters.
On the shores of the southern part of Lake Seliger is the town Ostashkov and the estate "New Dace."
Lake Kezenoi am, Chechen Republic
Kezenoi am - lake on the border of the Vedeno district of the Chechen Republic and Botlikh district of Dagestan. This is the largest and deepest lake in the North Caucasus, located at an altitude of 1800 meters above sea level. The surface of the lake - 2.4 sq.km.
The depth of the lake is 74 m. The length of the lake from north to south - 2 kilometers, and from west to east - 2.7 kilometers. Maximum width - 735 meters. The coastline - 10 kilometers.
Achtubinskiy area, Astrakhan region
Baskunchak - salt lake, with an area of about 115 square meters. This user km area of the Astrakhan region, about 270 km north of the Caspian Sea and 53 km to the east of the Volga. Lake Baskunchak is a part of the unique natural complex, including Big Bogd mountain. In 1997 Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky natural complex was declared a nature reserve (Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky Reserve), where an area of 53.7 hectares has a special protection regime.
On the shore of the lake there are deposits of healing clays. In June-August on the lake, tourists come to bathe in brine and take a mud bath. On the beauty of these places and do not have to talk. Photographers are not less than willing to improve their health.
Jack London Lake, Magadan Oblast
Located in the upper reaches of the Kolyma River in Yagodninsky District Magadan region, is among the mountains, at an altitude of 803 meters, the length of the lake in the north-west - 10 km, depth - 50 meters.
Around the lake Jack London Square on many small lakes. The most evolved in size - Dream Lake, Anemone, Grey Gull, Invisible, neighboring Kudinovsko lake. One of the most beautiful lakes and exotic Far East. Old-timers say that the lake was named because of the unusual discovery made by "pioneers". When the lake was found on the banks of the researchers found a book by Jack London "Martin Eden".
Elton - salty endorheic lake in the deposited lump Pallasovsky District Volgograd region, located near the border with Kazakhstan. It is the largest area of mineral lake in Europe and one of the most mineralized in the world. Say the name of the lake comes from the Mongolian word "Altyn-Nord" - "Bonanza."
The lake area - 152 square meters. km. Prior to 1882 Elton was mined salt in 1910 on its shore based medical resort "Elton" (moved to a new location in 1945). In 2001, the lake and the surrounding areas of virgin steppes (106 thousand. Ha) became part of the State Institution "Nature Park" Eltonsky. '"
Cherek-Balkaria Valley, Kabardino-Balkaria
A group of five karst lakes in Cherek district of Kabardino-Balkaria is located at the foot of a rocky ridge, from where the Cherek-Balkaria gorge.
Located at the entrance to the gorge, blue lake - a unique natural phenomenon, interesting not only for the Kabardino-Balkaria, but also across the country. Lower Blue Lake has several names: Chirp-Nickel (Bulk.) - Rotten (smelly) lake; Sheredzh Ana (room.) - Mother Cherek; Psyhurey (room.) - Round water (lake), a natural artesian well.
Lower uniqueness blue lake is that a relatively small surface (of 235 × 130 m), it reaches a depth of 258 meters. Surface temperature in summer and winter is approximately 9 degrees. In the lake does not fall into any stream or river, but every day implies around 70 million liters. The lake level at the same time unchanged, due to strong underwater sources. The blue color of the water due to the presence of hydrogen sulfide and refraction of light rays in a deep pool.
Nature here is quite picturesque: the green hills, dense beech forests on steep slopes and in the distance, a blue haze - the sun shining on the top. Closer to Babugentu greens becomes brighter, juicier. In the village is Babugent fork in the road. At the beginning of the road to the lake in the rock is a cave in which were found traces of ancient parking VX centuries AD. Now there are many lodges bats, and sometimes in bad weather, sheltering shepherds with flocks of sheep.
Kola Peninsula, Murmansk region
Lake in the Lovozero tundra on the Kola Peninsula. "Seid" is translated from the Sami language means "sacred." The lake is situated at an altitude of 189 m above sea level. Seidozero length - 8 km, width - from 1.5 to 2.5 km.
According to a number of science fiction writers and ufologists, one of the alleged existence of places Hyperborean civilization. Searchers unknown exploring these places since 1922.
Lake (reservoir) Zyuratkul
Zyuratkul is in Satka district of Chelyabinsk region on the territory of the national park of the same name. One of the highest (724 m above sea level) reservoirs of the Southern Urals. The reservoir is surrounded by mountain ranges, covered with dark coniferous forests. Located south-west ridge Nurgush - the highest ridge of the Chelyabinsk region. The main river that feeds the reservoir is a big Kyl. About the source of the river and dam Satka is a small village Zyuratkul connected by bus to the city Satka.
Earlier Zyuratkul was a natural lake. Now - the reservoir formed built on Big Satka dam.
In the area of Lake found a giant geoglyphs. It was also found about forty stone tools made of quartzite. Technique allows chipping stone tools dating late Stone Age (VI-III millennium BC. E.). Researchers tend still to copper-Stone Age (IV-III millennium BC. E.). It is noted that while in the southern Urals almost no forests (they were only 2500 years ago), so figure it was easy to build and then see from the next ridge until it is covered with a layer of soil.
By winter 2012 on the shores of Lake Zyuratkul located another popular attraction - Kitov marina, which is also called "Ural Disneyland." But the fall of 2012 by the court it was demolished.
Mountains and Volcanoes
Elbrus - stratovolcano, located on the border of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Elbrus is located north of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and is the highest peak of Russia. Given that the boundary between Europe and Asia is ambiguous, often referred to as Elbrus highest European mountains, thereby attributing it to the list of "Seven peaks".
The height of the western summit - 5642 m, East - 5621 m.
Gorges Adylsu, Shkhelda, Adyrsu, arrays Donguz-Orun and Ushba are very popular among climbers and mountain turistov.Prielbruse - the most popular ski resort in Russia.
The total area of 134.5 sq glaciers of Mount Elbrus. km. The most famous of them: Big and Small Azau, Terskol.
The Altai Mountains are a complex system of the highest in the Siberian ridges separated by deep river valleys and vast intramontane and hollows. Mountain system at the junction of the borders of Russia, Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. It is divided into Southern Altai (South-West), South-East and East Altai Altai Altai Central, Northern and North-Eastern Altai, Northwest Altai.
Altai, Katun Nature Reserve and Ukok plateau combine to form a UNESCO World Heritage Site "Altai - Golden Mountains."
In Altai attracts thousands of tourists. It is a favorite place for photo tours and independent travel.
Liskinsky district, Voronezh region
"Divnogorie" - hill and Museum-Reserve in Liski district of Voronezh region of Russia. Located 10 kilometers west of the center of the district on the right bank of the Don River and 80 km south of Voronezh. The museum is founded in 1988, and in 1991 he received the status of the museum-reserve. At present, the Museum-Reserve is one of the most popular and most recognizable landmarks of the Voronezh region. Each season, from May to October, it is visited by more than 60 thousand. Tourists.
Area Museum-Reserve - more than 11 square kilometers The maximum height of the plateau above sea level reaches 181 meters, relative - 103 meters (mouth of the river at the confluence of Pine Quiet Don, which flows at the foot of the plateau, at an altitude of raspolozheno 78 m above sea level).
Dombay-Ulgen - the top of the western part of the Dividing Range of the Greater Caucasus (on the border of Abkhazia and Karachay-Cherkess Republic). Dombay-Ulgen is the highest pinnacle of Abkhazia, located east of the village Dombay, has three peaks: Western (4036 m), Home (4046 m) and eastern (3950 m).
From the main peak to the north moves steep ridge ending decreasing - "Dombayskoy seat." From the top of the saddle goes Dombayskoy classic route (category 3B) available to climb in one day with a descent to the camp.
Putorana Plateau, the Krasnoyarsk Territory
Putorana Plateau - a mountain range located in the northwest of the Central Siberian Plateau. The north and west plateau breaks steep ledge (800 m or more.), While the southern and eastern parts are characterized by gentle slopes. The maximum height of the plateau - 1701 meters, among the highest peaks - Stone Mountain (1701 m), the Holocaust (1542 m), Kotuiskaya (1510 m). In the north of the plateau tableland bordered by the Taimyr Peninsula. Title Putoran translated from the Evenki means "lakes with steep banks."
Plateau area of 250 thousand sq. Km, which is comparable to the UK.
On the territory of the plateau is Putoransky State Nature Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage humanity.
Marble Canyon Ruskeala, Republic of Karelia, the village Ruskeala
Mountain Park "Ruskeala" - tourist complex, located in the district of the Republic Sortavalsky Kareliyaryadom with Ruskeala village. The main object of the complex is filled with groundwater former marble quarry.
Quarry found Alopeus pastor, began to be developed in the beginning of the reign of Catherine II. The first development led the captain Kojin, which advised the Italian experts. Today, career length from north to south is 460 meters, width - up to 100 meters. The distance from the highest point of pit wall to the bottom of it - more than 50 meters. Transparency of the water reaches 15-18 meters.
Ruskeala marble used in the construction of the most beautiful and important buildings of St. Petersburg and its suburbs palace. They faced St. Isaac's Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral lined floors, window sills are made of the Hermitage, framed windows and facade of the Marble Palace Mikhailovsky Castle, as well as underground halls Petersburg metro stations "Maritime" and "Ladoga".
In 2010 Ruskeala passed a significant part of the filming of "Dark World".
Eastern and Western Sayan
Eastern and Western Sayan - the common name for the two mountain ranges in the south of Siberia.
Distinguish West Sayan (length 650 km, height up to 3971 m - Mount Mongun-Taiga, which is the top of the ridge of the same name - the highest peak in Eastern Siberia, however, often do not consider this ridge to the Sayan Mountains, and is isolated in a separate mountain system - the mountains of Tuva), consisting of aligned and peaked ridges on which no glaciation, separated by hollows and Eastern Sayan (length of about 1000 km, height up to 3491 m - Mount Munch-Sardyk) with typical ranges Mid-bearing glaciers. The rivers belong to the basin of the Yenisei. On the slopes of the mountain taiga prevails, turning into mountain tundra.
West Sayan southwestern part of the border of the Altai. The main ridge of it - Dividing Sayan ridge with the highest point - Mount Kyzyl-Taiga (3121 m). Ranges of the Western Sayan characterized by steep slopes, indented relief, extensive areas of stone placers. The height of the ridges in the west does not exceed 2500-3000 m, to the east is reduced to 2000 m.
Eastern Sayan stretches almost at right angles to the West. It ranges form a system of "BELOGORIYA" (Manske, Kan) and "protein", got its name from the neta year round snow on the tops. In the central part, in the upper reaches of rivers and Kazyr Kizir several ridges form a "knot" with the highest point - the peak of Grand (2982 m). In the south-east there are the highest and most inaccessible ridges - Great Sayan Tunka range, Kitoy range, Kropotkin. The highest point of the Eastern Sayan - Munch-Sardyk (3491 m) is located in the eponymous mountain range. Between the ridges of the Sayan Mountains are more than a dozen basins of different sizes and depths, the most famous of which - Abakan-Minusinsk Basin, known for its archaeological sites. It is worth noting a large number of waterfalls.
Almost everywhere in the Sayan Mountains dominate coniferous taiga spruce-pine-fir forests, rising in the western and central parts to the heights of 1500-1800 m and more; light deciduous-pine forests form the upper border of the forest at altitudes of 2000-2500 m.
The fauna is as rich as the flora. The largest city in the Sayan - Krasnoyarsk.
Republic Of Bashkortostan
Shihan - isolated hill in the Bashkir Urals composed of four mountains single: Tratau, Shahtau, Yuraktau and Kushtan that form a chain of narrow, elongated along the Belaya River for 20 km. Shihan located near cities and Sterlitimak Ishimbay. They are unique monuments of nature - the remains of the barrier reef, formed in the warm sea early epoch of the Permian period. In the rocks, which are composed of these Sheehan, preserved imprints of plants and animals.
Highest Sheehan - Tratau (or Toratau). His height - 402 meters above sea level, and the relative - 280 meters. His foot of the ruins of the women's prison - one of the islands of the archipelago Gulag. Sheehan Tratau emblazoned on the coat of arms of the city Ishimbai, is a symbol of Ishimbaisky district of Bashkortostan. In the past, this mountain was considered sacred.
Sakhalin Region, the island Onekotan
An active volcano on the island Onekotan Big Kurils. The biggest two-tier "volcano volcano" in the world is located in the southern part of the island Onekotan. The height of the volcano - 1324 m.
Volcanic cone rises as an island inside lying on an altitude of 400 m lake-ring (diameter about 7 km). The lake is surrounded Somme - walls more ancient caldera Tao-Rusyr Caldera (540-920 m height with a diameter of 16-17 km soles).
Only one known historical eruption that happened in 1952.
Daddy Volcano, Kuril Islands
An active volcano on the island of Kunashir Big Kuril on the territory of the Kuril reserve. Expressed in geographical terms, Daddy - stratovolcano type Somma-Vesuvius ("volcano volcano"). Height reaches 1819 m (the highest point of Kunashir, in 1977 and subsequent years, collapsed south-eastern part of the edge of the summit crater and much of the material has fallen into the north-east of the crater. As a result, the total height of the volcano has decreased by about 30-50 meters and is now probably less than 1800 meters above sea level) ..
The height of the Somme - 1485 m, it has a right truncated cone with a diameter of 15-18 km at the base and up to 2.5 km from the annular ridge.
The foot of the slopes of the volcano decorate coniferous-deciduous forests and thickets with bambuchnikom stone birch and cedar dwarf.
In the forests at the foot can often find a bear. The path to the volcano complex, but most tourists get to the volcano from the South Kuril.
Orda Cave, Perm
Orda cave is located on the southwestern outskirts of the village Horde Perm region, on the left bank of the river Kungur. Consists of "dry" and underwater. The length of the dry part is 300 meters underwater - 4600 meters. To date Orda Cave is the longest cave flooded Russia. In addition, part of the cave is the longest siphon in the CIS - 935 meters.
Cave occupies 21st place among the longest gypsum caves in the world. Known photographer Victor Lyagushkin dedicated Orda cave a photo project.
Kungurskaya cave, Perm
This is one of the most popular attractions of Siberia and the Urals, Russia's major natural monument. The cave is located in the Perm region, on the right bank of the river Sylva on the outskirts of the village Kungur Filippovka, 100 km from the city of Perm.
Unique geological monument - one of the largest karst caves in the European part of Russia, the seventh in the world for gypsum cave extent. The length of the cave is about 5700 m, of which 1.5 km is equipped for tourists. The average temperature in the center of the cave +5 ° C, the relative humidity in the center of the cave - 100%. Kungurskaya cave contains 58 caves, 70 lakes, 146 m. N. "Organ pipes" (the highest - in the grotto of ether, 22 m) - high-mines, reaching almost to the surface.
Nevyansk leaning tower
Sverdlovsk region, city Nevyansk
Not everyone knows that in Russia has its own likeness Leaning Tower of Pisa - leaning tower in the center of Nevyansk, built in the first half of the XVIII century on the orders of Akinfiy Demidov.
The tower's height - 57.5 meters, the base - a square with sides of 9.5 m. The deviation from the vertical tower - about 1.85 m, and the greatest slope is observed in the lower tier (3 ° 16 & # 39;). The exact date of construction of the tower is unknown, different sources name dates ranging from 1721 to 1745.
The tower is a massive quadrangle, on top of which are built on three octagonal tiers. Inside the tower is divided into several levels - floors.
The appointment of the first floor is not precisely determined. On the first floor office Demidov, and in Soviet times it was a prison. On the third floor there is a laboratory: a soot taken from the chimney stoves were found traces of silver and gold. According to one version, Demidov here minted counterfeit money. On the other - here Demidov secret from the public treasury smelted silver and gold that was mined in its mines in the Altai.
Even higher is the so-called "hearing room." Its peculiarity is that standing in one corner of the room can be good to hear what they say in the opposite corner. Effect observed in the room, is associated with a particular form of the ceiling - he vaulted and thus slightly flattened.
In the seventh and eighth floors are chimes with musical fight by English watchmaker Richard Phelps in 1730.
Completes the tower roof and steeple with metal hoisted him on a weather vane made from grooved iron, which knocked noble emblem Demidov.
There is a legend that says that the tower tilted due to the flooding of basements with all the workers were minted counterfeit money.
The Council of Ministers of the RSFSR number 1327 from August 30, 1960 the tower is included in the list of historical monuments to be protected as a monument of national importance.
Republic of Buryatia, the village of Upper Oriole
Ivilginski temple - a large Buddhist monastery complex, the center of the Buddhist Traditional Sangha of Russia, is the largest Buddhist community of Buryatia. One of the most striking historical and architectural monuments of Russia. Located in the village of Upper Oriole 36 km from the center of Ulan-Ude.
And 6 more amazing places
Chara Sands, Trans-Baikal Territory
Chara Sands - the tract in Kalar area Trans-Baikal Territory, which is a sandy area of approximately 10 km by 5 km. Chara sands are located in the valley of the same name, in the foothills of the Kodar , 9 kilometers from the village of Char, between the valleys of the rivers Chara, Middle and Upper Sakukan Sakukan. An array is a geological natural monument geomorphological type of federal rank.
At 10 kilometers Station is BAM New Chara .
The array stretches from south-west to north-east and covers an area of about 50 square kilometers None of the Trans-Baikal basin no such large arrays of loose shifting sands.
Chara Sands looks like the deserts of Central Asia. The vegetation is slightly different from the taiga: there are areas c larches, ernika and moisture-loving cedar elfin wood. In the north-eastern part of the tract are two small lakes - Alenka and taiga.
Avacha Bay, Kamchatka region
Avacha Bay - the largest ice bay of the Pacific Ocean off the southeastern coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, is the main transport "gateway" Kamchatka region. The main advantage of the bay that is one of the largest bays in the world: it can take any vessel of the world!
Coil length - 24 km, the width of the entrance - 3 kilometers, the total water surface area is 215 sq.km. Depth up to 26 meters.In the rivers flow into the bay and Avacha Paratunka. On the shores of the bay are located the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Vilyuchinsk. The bay is the home base of the Pacific Fleet Russia in Kamchatka.
Svoebraznym symbol of the bay and its attractions are the rock Three Brothers, located at the entrance to the open Avachinskiy bay.
Aleutian District, Kamchatka region
Commander Islands - an archipelago of four islands in the south-western part of the Bering Sea Pacific, administratively a part of the Aleutian region of the Kamchatka region of Russia. The islands are named after their discoverer, the v1741 explorer Commander Vitus Bering. At the largest of them - Bering Island is the tomb of the navigator. Commander Islands - a melting pot of Russian and Aleut cultures. Have great potential for the development of the northern tourism.
Patom crater - cone of crushed limestone boulders on the hillside Patom highlands in the Irkutsk region. Discovered in 1949 by geologist Vadim Kolpakov.
Among the local population is called "Eagle Nest fire", also known as the "cone Kolpakov," "Dzhebuldinsky crater", "Yavaldinsky crater."
It is unique in its characteristics geological object, which is a circular structure with a central-type material cone folded limestone and other rocks. Patom crater formed during an extended period of about 500 years ago.
The diameter of the crater along the ridge - 76 m. The cone is crowned with a flat top, which is a circular shaft. In the center of the funnel slide up to 12 m. The total volume of the cone is estimated at 230-250 thousand cu. m , weight - about one million tons.
The city of Sochi, Krasnodar region
Waterfalls located on the river in Agoura Khostinsky district of Sochi. Distance from the coast of the Black Sea - 4 km. Further up the river - Middle Falls, then top.
Agurskii Lower Falls - the first and most interesting of the three vsez large waterfall on the river Agur. It is a two stage: the lower height of 18 m and the top - 12 m. Beneath a broad and deep pool of blue water. From the Devil's Hole Canyon to the Lower Falls about 1.5 km.For the first waterfall goes up a series of stairs and lifts those from 500 m to the Middle Agurskii waterfall - a 23-meter, and then to the top - the 21-meter waterfall. Near the top of the waterfall to the left of the trail towering cliffs, called an eagle.
Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk
Some of the largest wetlands in the world, located in Western Siberia, between the rivers Ob and Irtysh, the territory Vasyugan Plain, located mostly in the Tomsk region, and small parts - Novosibirsk and Omsk regions and the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area.
Bog area 53 sq. M. km (for comparison, the Swiss - 41 thousand sq. km), the length from west to east - 573 km from north to south - 320 km.
Vasyugan swamp emerged about 10,000 years ago and since then has steadily increased - 75% of their current area was swamped at least 500 years ago. Marshes are the main source of fresh water in the region (water reserves - 400 cubic km) There are about 800 thousand small lakes, many rivers originate from the swamps, in particular: Ava, Bakchar, Big Yugan, Vasyugan, Demyankov, and so on. d.
Bogs contain vast reserves of peat and counteract the greenhouse effect, linking carbon. Explored peat reserves amount to more than 1 billion tons, the average depth - 2.4 m, maximum - 10 m.
Vasyugan marshes - home to numerous local wildlife, including rare. Of rare species of animals live in the swamps, in particular, reindeer, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, osprey, gray shrike, peregrine falcon. In large quantities are squirrels, elk, sable, capercaillie, white partridge, grouse, black grouse, in smaller quantities mink, otter, wolverine. Flora also includes rare and endangered species of plants and plant communities. From wild plants are widespread cranberries, blueberries, cloudberries.
Now the flora and fauna of the marshes is threatened in connection with the development of the territory in the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas fields.
While preparing the article I used materials from Wikipedia