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Famous Monuments

Updated on February 2, 2011

A monument is a structure which is built to commemorate a person or an important event. A monument may also be built to give out a message or to represent the art culture of a society.

In short any thing that represents the important events of the past is categorized as monuments. Monuments are an important part of historical artifacts as they represent important personalities and events of the past.

There are thousands of monuments all over the world each symbolizing an important event or a personality or a group of the past; each holds a particular message. Out of these many some of the very popular monuments are mentioned below:

Parthenon, Athens Greece
Parthenon, Athens Greece

The Parthenon Of Greece

The Parthenon of Greece, which is a symbol of the ancient Greece and the Athenian democracy, is one of the greatest monuments of the world.

The monument is present in Acropolis, Athens and was built in 438 BC and was the temple of the goddess Athena.

The temple remained intact till about the 5th century AD. Today, although the temple is in ruins, it is still considered as an important monument of the past.

The Colosseum from inside
The Colosseum from inside
Pantheon Of Rome
Pantheon Of Rome

The Colosseum Of Rome

The colosseum is a three story, elliptical shaped large amphitheatre built by the early Romans.

The colosseum was built for gladiator combats and could hold nearly 4000 to 5000 spectators.

The Colosseum was the largest amphitheatre built by the Romans.

The upper part of the Colosseum was rebuilt in the 3rd century AD.

The Pantheon Of Rome

The pantheon is another very famous and historical monument built by the ancient Romans.

The pantheon was built in 27 BC and was the temple of all the gods.

During the first century the pantheon was rebuilt by Hadrian and as given its present circular shape.

The best thing about the monument is that it is still perfectly preserved today and has served as a place for worship for nearly 20 centuries.

Great Sphinx Of Giza, Egypt
Great Sphinx Of Giza, Egypt

The Great Sphinx Of Egypt

The great sphinx which was built 4500 years ago during the fourth dynasty of the ancient Egypt is one of the greatest wonders of the world.

The sphinx bearing the head of the pharaoh and body of a lion joins the pyramid of Giza.

The monument stands tall at 240 feet and was built as a guardian to the pyramids. It was built by the pharaoh Giza of that time.

Alhambra Palace, Spain
Alhambra Palace, Spain
Tower Of London
Tower Of London
Taj Mehal Of Agra, India
Taj Mehal Of Agra, India

The Great Alhambra Of Spain

The Alhambra is located in Granada, Spain.

Its construction begun in 1248 and it was completed in 1354.

The Alhambra is a palace which was built for the Moorish monarchs of Granada.

Alhambra is not only a palace but it was also built as a fortress surrounded by a highly fortified wall having more than a mile of perimeter.

The Alhambra without a doubt is the greatest masterpiece of the Muslim architecture.

Tower Of London

The tower of London covers 13 acres of the land at the North side of Thames and is a group of towers and buildings.

The central tower which is called the white tower was built 1078 AD during the rule of William the conqueror.

The tower was initially built as a fortress and royal residence but later it was used as a prison.

Another famous of the London tower is the bloody tower which is believed to be associated with Anne Boleyn.

The Taj Mahal Of Agra

The Taj Mahal is one the greatest wonders of the world and was built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jehan as a tomb of his beloved wife Noor Jehan.

The construction of the tomb began in 1632 and was completed in 1650.

The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful buildings of the world and is the best construction of the Mogul architecture.

The tomb has a white dome and is completely made of marble.

Great Wall Of China
Great Wall Of China

The Great Wall Of China

The great wall of China is also, just like Taj Mehal, is included in the list of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The wall is 1400m long and is made of earth and stone. The wall was built in 214 BC by the emperor Ch’in Shin Huang Ti.

It was built to defend the city against the attacks of the nomadic tribes.  


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    • ratnaveera profile image

      ratnaveera 7 years ago from Cumbum

      Very Interesting Hub indeed! Thanks for beautiful photos and useful links. This is useful to learn some important monuments in this Great World! Voted Up! Thanks again hassam.

    • Jaspals profile image

      Jaspal Singh 7 years ago from India / Australia

      Taj mehal was built in memory of Mumtaj, third wife of Shah Jahan.