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Something about the historic country INDIA
The states of india, their capital, languages and Area are as follows
The historic country India
India is great historic, famous tourist places in the world. The area of India is 32, 87,263 sq.km. If we talk about area than India holds seventh place in the world but it holds second place in population. The capital of India is New Delhi in past in British time the capital of India was Calcutta which is known as kolkatata at present. The length from east to west is 2,933 km and from North to west is 3214 km. India has divided into 30 states.
Delhi- The State of India
Delhi is very old and historical state of India, its area is 1,483 sqkm. Yamuna River, Delhi was established by Anantpal of tomar caste in 11th century. After freedom in 1947 A.D. it was declare as the capital of India in 1956 AD
Delhi was declared as the central ruled state. The population of Delhi is approximately core. In east of Delhi Haryana state is situated, In south- west Rajasthan is situated and in east Uttar Pradesh is situated. The state language of Delhi is Hindi and its state animal is. The main crops of Delhi are Vegetables. There are many big and small industries in Delhi in past there were many big industries in Delhi, due to pollution and other matters every big industries were transferred to its neighboring state Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
Delhi is the capital so it speaks almost every language but mostly Delhi people speaks Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu. If we talk about religious and festival than Delhi celebrates each and every festival than, Delhi celebrates each and every festival very joyfully. Delhi people mainly celebrate Dashhara (Navratri), Deepawali, Id, Bakrid, Ramnavmi, Christmas, Holy and many more.
Because Delhi is tourist place so it had huge no. of tourist place like Lalquila, Jama masjid, India gate, Connaught place, Kutubminar, Firozshah kotla, Nizamuddin ka makbara, Lodi ka makbara, Mugal garden, Hauge khas, safdarjung ka makbara, President palace, Gardens, Delhi metro and many more.
The biggest state in Area is Rajasthan and small state in area is Goa. The International borders which are touching India are in north china, Nepal and Bhutan in south srilanka, in east mayanmar, Bangladesh and in West Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Jammu Kashmir is touching to china, Pakistan, Afghanistan,
The Climate of India
Generally India have monsoon climate. The India climate has affected by two factor one is the presence of Himalayas in north due to this the hot air of mid Asia does not come to India. Second factor is the presence of the Indian Ocean.
In hot seasons the low pressure area is occurred in whole India and Pakistan. The heavy rainfall state in area is Assam, Meghalaya, west banal where there is more than 1000mm. In India Masinram is the place where yearly average rainfall is 11,405mm. Masinram is one step ahead than charapuji for rainfall and these both place is in Meghalaya state in India. The Medium rainfall states are Bihar, North Uttar Pradesh, Oodisa and Himachal Pradesh where there are 500- 1000 mm rainfall yearly. The less rainfall area is Rajasthan and the whole state which are not mentioned above where there is 100-500 mm than and north-west Gujarat is where there is less than 100mm rainfall.
The Indian river and their Helping river
Sindhu, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghagra, Koshi, Damodar, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri are the main river of India and their helping river are as follows:-
Sindhu river:- the helping river of Sindhu comes from Himalayas they are gating, Jasker, trass, Shiyok, Siger, gilagat and Hanja. In Land area the main river are Jhelum, chinaab, raavi, Byas and Satlaj river. Chinnab is the biggest helping river of Sindhu.
Ganga :- The helping river of Ganga are tones, Punpun, Yamuna, Son, Ramganga, Gomti, Ghagara, Gandak, koshi, and Mahananda are the Main . When the alkanand and Bhagirathi meets in Devprayag form there it is Known as Ganga. When this river enter in Bangladesh than it is known as Padma.
Yamuna: - Chambal, Betwa, and Son are the helping river of Yamuna and it meets with Ganga in Illahabad which is also known as Sangam.
Ghagra: - The helping river of Ghagra is Tapti and Sharda.
Koshi: - Arun and tamur is the helping river of Koshi.
Damodar: - Barakar, Konar and jamuna are the helping river of Damodar.
Brahmaputra :- The helping river for this river are Raka, Sangpo, Naangchu, Keechu, chu, dihang, Lohit, dhanshree, Manas and tista
Narmada :-sher, Duti, Tawa and hiran are the helping river of Narmada. Narmada is the straight follow river of India.
Tapti :- Purna, Baighar, girna, Bori, Panjhara, aanera are the helping river Of Tapti.
Mahanadi: - Shivnath, Hasdev, Mand and Iib are the Helping river of Mahanadi.
Godavari :- Prawara, Purna, Manpra, Panganga, Bain ganga, Bargha, Pranhita, Indravati, Manera and sabsi are the helping river of Godavari
Krishna:- Kochna, Ghatprabha, Malprabha, Bhima, tung vadra, Musi and Muneru is the helping river of Krishna.
Kaveri: - Laxman tirth, kabini, swarnavati, Bhawani, heraji, hemvati, shimsha, and Arkavati are the helping river.
River side city of India
Delhi - Yamuna
Luck now - Gomati
Varanasi - Ganga
Patna - Ganga
Allahabad - Ganga
Haridwar - Ganga
Kanpur - Ganga
Kolkata - Hugli
Dibrugarh - Brahmaputra
Kota - Chambal
Nasik - Godavari
Ludhiana - Sutlej
Mathura - Yamuna
Badrinath - Alkananda
Firozpur - Satluj
Sri- Nagar - Jhelum
Surat - Tapti
Vijayabada - Krishna
Bareilly - Ramganga
Ujjain - Chipra
Aayodhaya - Saru
Guwahati - Brahmaputra
Jabalpur - Narmada
Katak - Mananadi
Jabalpur - Mahanadi
Hyderabad - Musi
Ahmadabad – Sabarmati
Indian Mountain city
Gulmarg- Jammu and Kashmir-2651 Mtr.
Ooti - Tamilnadu - 2286 Mtr.
Simla - Himachal Pradesh - 2206 Mtr.
Pahalgam - Jammu and Kashmir - 2195 Mtr.
Darjeeling - Gorkhaland - 2134 Mtr.
Kodai kanal - Tamilnadu - 2133 Mtr.
Las down - Uttrakhand - 2118 Mtr.
Dulhauzi - Himachal pradesh - 2035 Mtr.
Musoorie - uttrakhand - 2005 Mtr.
Kotagiri - Tamilnadu - 1981 Mtr.
Mukteswor - Uttrakhand - 1974 Mtr.
Nanital - Uttrakhand - 1938 Mtr.
Kasauli - Himachal pradesh - 1890 Mtr.
Kuner - Tamilnadu - 1859 Mtr.
Gangtok - Sikkim - 1850 Mtr.
Manali - Himachal pradesh - 1829 Mtr.
Ranikhet - Uttrakhand - 1829 Mtr.
Rachi - Jharkhand 1800 Mtr.
Mirik - west bangal - 1800 Mtr.
Sri nagar - Jammu and kashmir
The main Pond and waterfall of India
The main Pond of India are DAl(Jammu), Bular(jammu), Bairinag(Jammu and Kashmir), Manas bal(Jammu and Kashmir), Nagin(Jammu and Kashmir), Shes nag(Jammu and Kashmir), Ananant naag(Jammu and Kashmir), Rajsamand(Rajasthan), pichaula(Rajasthan), Shambhar(Rajasthan), Lunkarnasar(Rajasthan), Jayasmand(Rajasthan), Fatehsagar(Rajasthan), Dindeana(Rajasthan), Satatal(uttrakhand), Nainital(uttrakhand), Rakastal(uttrakhand), Devtal(uttrakhand), Naukuchia(uttrakhand), Khurpatal(uttrakhand), Hussain sagar(tamilnadu), Loktak(Manipur), Koleru(Andhra Pradesh), Chilka(oodisa), Lonar(Maharashtra), Bembanand(Kerala)
Waterfall -Location -Height
Mahatmagandhi- Sheravati river- 225mtr
Yena- - Narmada river- 183mtr
Shiva shamuddram-Kaveri- 90mtr
Gokak- - Gokak river- 55mtr
Payakara- Nilgiri area- -
Chulia- Chambal river- 18 mtr.
Punasha- Chambal river- 12mtr
Madhar -Chambal river - 12mtr
Bihar - Narmada- 10mtr
Dhuyadhar- Narmada- 10 mtr
Today world are dependent upon transport. Transport is a mechanical thing which helps man to go from one place to another with time changing India has made so much improvement in transportation. The Indians transport is divided into 3 types.
• Land Transport
• Water Transport
• Air Transport
Land Transport: - In this mainly roadways and Railways comes. This transport works with man, animal, motor, truck and rail. In India there are 3 types or road they are National super Highway, National Highway and roads of district villages.
Making and maintenance of National superhighway goes to central government. India has the length of 34000 km.
Railways: - Indian railway is the lifeline of India. Indian railway is the biggest railway network in Asia and fourth in world. The first railway was start in April, 1853A.D. In India which was 34km long. Indian railway is the biggest government network in India.
There are 3 rail paths in India. They are as follows
• Broad gauge(Badi line)
• Meter gauge(choti line)
• Narrow gauge(sakri line)
Indian rail zone and there Headquarters
North railway- New-Delhi
West railway- Mumbai
South railway- Chennai
East railway- Kolkata
Central railway-Mumbai B.T.
South central railway-Sikandarabad
South east railway- Kolkata
North east railway-Gorakhpur
South west railway- Bangalore
North west railway-Jaypur
South-east central railway-Bilaspur
The Main industries of India
I cannot fully describe about Indian industries because it has large no. of industries India is economically fasting growing nation. There is no comparison between India and world. The main industries are as follows.
Cotton Industries:-The main cotton mill was established in India was in 1854 A.D. In Mumbai, whose founder was Mr. Kawar ji Nana Bhai dabur.
Other cotton industries are in following state and city.
Maharashtra: - Nagpur, Puna, Satara, Burdha, Kolhapur, Akola, Mumbai, Sholapur and Amravati
Gujarat: - Ahmadabad, Baroda, Surat, Bhadeuch, Porbandar, Bhavnagar and Rajkot.
Madhya Pradesh: - Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Bhopal, Ujjain, Dewar, Nimas, Ratlam and Satna.
Uttar Pradesh: - Kanpur, Agra, Hathras, Luck now, Modinagar, Saharanpur, Moradabad, Varanasi and Rampur.
West Bengal: - Kolkata (Calcutta)
Tamilnadu: - Chennai, Kyoyambatur, Madurai, Tinewali, Tiruchirapalli
Andra Pradesh: - Hyderabad
Karnataka: - Bangalore
Rajasthan: - Ajmer
Punjab: - Amritsar, Ludhiana
Haryana: - Panipat
Jute Industries: - the first jute mill was established in 1855 A.D. in Risda, Kolkata
Other jute mill is established in following state and city.
West banal: - Titagadh, Jugdal, Howrah, Bujbut, Nauhati, Beldaria, Machebaria, Risda, Calcutta, Hugli, Bardhman, Dinajpur, Nirbhumi and malda.
Bihar: - Katihar, Darbhanga
Uttar Pradesh: - Kanpur and Sahjanwa
Oodisa: - Cuttack
Chattis gadh: - Raigadh, Chitwalshah
Andra Pradesh: - Guntur
Sugarcane Industries: - India is rich in sugarcane production in this Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is in no 1 position
Other sugarcane industries are following state and city.
Uttar Pradesh:- Dewaria, Matni, Padrauna, Gorakhpur, Gauri bazaar, Siswa bazaar, Basti, Gonda, Balrampur, Barabanki, Sitapur, Hardoi, Bijnaur, Saharanpur, Mansurpur, Meerut, Moradabad, Boland sahar, Kanpur, Barely, Muzafarnagar and Faizabad.
Bihar :- Motihari, Sugauli, Majhaulia, chanpatia, Narkatia ganj, Madhhaura, Panchrukhi, Sasaram, Gopalgunj, Hathwa motipur, Goraul, Dalmiyanagar, Saran, Samastipur, Champaran, Darbhanga, Bhojpuri, Hasanpur, Muzzffarpur, and bitha.
Waterways: - Under this rive, Pond, Sea and Ocean comes. The Bandargoah of India are Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Coachin, Visakhapatnam, Marmmogoa, Paradip, Kandla, New Mangalore, New tutikoran, Nhawa sewa, Haldia
Airways:- This is the fast way to go from one place to another. The first air take off was on February 1911. The international Airport of India is jawahar lal Nehru International airport, Mumbai, Shubash Chandra Bosh International airport, Chennai, Tiruwanantapuram international airport