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Visiting Liège, Belgium and its Perron steps: powerful, local symbol since the Middle Ages

Updated on February 6, 2012
Flag of Belgium
Flag of Belgium | Source
The Perron, Liège
The Perron, Liège | Source
Arms of the city of Liège
Arms of the city of Liège | Source
Map location of the Liège area
Map location of the Liège area | Source

Featured on the city's arms

This striking structure has been a noted symbol since the Middle Ages in Liège, situated to the east of the Walloon region, Belgium.

This structure, known as the Perron steps, once belonged to the Prince-Bishops of Liège, who used the steps for important announcements.

In Medieval times, Liège was governed by Prince-Bishops, at the time a not so unusual combination of ecclesiastical and secular powers, although this seems very strange to North Americans. The ornate-looking steps were used for various purposes: proclamations and significant announcements. In the 14th century, the City of Liège took over responsibility for the Perron steps and this continues to this day.

Thus, the structure has become a powerful, local symbol. For centuries, the Perron steps have been pictured in the arms of the city (see right).

It is thus interesting to note that many of the great cities of Belgium, such as Liège, predate by many centuries the existence of the Kingdom of Belgium as an independent country.

Near the Perron steps are other historic structures: the City Hall (French: Hôtel de ville ) and the Prince-Bishops' Palace (French: Palais des Princes- Evèques ) .

What started as a symbol of the Prince-Bishops' authority, ended as a representation of that of the city and of the freedoms of its citizens.

Not that the tension, in one way or another, had ceased even in more recent years. When John-Paul II visited Liège, the Governor of Liège province, now lodged in the former Prince-Bishops' Palace, near to the Perron steps, refused to let John-Paul address his followers from the balcony of the building. (Nothing new about ecclesiastical-secular disputes in Belgium... .)

The Perron steps are situated at place du Marché , in the city of Liège.

Also worth seeing

In Liège , other visitor attractions include considerable examples of ecclesiastical architecture; the former Prince-Bishops' Palace; the former central post office building; the Cointe basilica; the University's main building at place du 20 août ; the Fragnée Bridge; the Zénobe Gramme Monument; the Bueren Mountain; and others.


How to get there: Brussels Airlines flies from New York (JFK) to Brussels Airport, where car hire is available (distance from Brussels Airport to Liège : 94 kilometres). The Belgian railroad company SNCB maintains a service from Brussels to Liège . Some facilities may be withdrawn, without notice. Please check with the airline or your travel agent for up to date information. You are advised to refer to appropriate consular sources for any special border crossing arrangements which may apply to citizens of certain nationalities.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada.

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    • MJFenn profile image

      MJFenn 5 years ago

      jacqui2011: Yes, Belgium's history is very absorbing and goes back a very long way. Thank-you for your comment.

    • jacqui2011 profile image

      jacqui2011 5 years ago from Norfolk, UK

      Interesting and informative hub. I have never visited Belgium, Liege looks a fascinating place, steeped in history.