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Visiting Steenwerck, France: Romanesque-Byzantine monumentality in a Flemish town heavily marked by World War One

Updated on September 22, 2011
Flag of France
Flag of France | Source
Steenwerck church
Steenwerck church | Source
HM King George V (front centre) inspecting New Zealand battalions about to entrain at Steenwerck.
HM King George V (front centre) inspecting New Zealand battalions about to entrain at Steenwerck. | Source
Map location of Steenwerck in Dunkirk 'arrondissement', Nord department, France
Map location of Steenwerck in Dunkirk 'arrondissement', Nord department, France | Source

Striking architecture in a town deeply marked by World War One

This church building at Steenwerck, near the Lys River, in France's Nord department, is a noted structure in Romanesque-Byzantine style. (The name 'Steenwerck' is of Dutch origin. However, in the Dutch language, the conventional spelling for the town's name is 'Steenwerk'.) This building is marked by a monumental tower.

Some history of the church and town

Built in 1923, it replaced a previous structure which underwent the widespread devastation from the effects of World War One. The work was the responsibility of Armand Lemay, an architect from Lille. (Architect Lemay is also known for work on Art Nouveau -style buildings in that city.)

The building is also noted for stained glass windows by Pierre Turpin.

Some traces of the previous church building, dating from the 16th century, survived the war damage. It is believed that a 12th century church building stood on the site of the current structure.

Many troops from the British Empire were stationed in the locality in World War One. I have included a photograph showing King George V visiting Steenwerck inspecting New Zealand troops. Within walking distance of Steenwerck is the Belgian town of Nieuwkerke (1), where there is a Commonwealth War Cemetery, which I have also visited, in which the remains of fallen New Zealanders are buried.

Steenwerck itself has both Commonwealth and German military cemeteries.

Visitors spending time in this district, as also in many areas of Flanders (2), are likely to come away struck by the deep effects of the World War One which the area underwent.


(1) This Dutch-speaking town in the Belgian state of Flanders is often referred to in accounts of World War One as Neuve-Eglise, its French form which was formerly used widely.

(2) 'Flanders' (French: la Flandre / les Frandres ; Dutch: Vlaanderen ) is a general name for a large, historic region in northern France, Belgium and a small part of The Netherlands. It is generally used in Belgium more specifically to refer to the state of Flanders in the north of the country, which, when written in French, is usually in the singular: la Flandre .

Also worth seeing

In Steenwerck itself, there is a museum of rural life. A Flemish House (French: Maison flamande ) in neo-Gothic style, has an ornate, gabled frontage. A regular procession of Flemish Giants, by way of popular festivals in Flanders, is held in Steenwerck. There is also a thriving ceramic industry locally, the artisans connected with which hold periodic exhibitions.

Armentières (distance: 8.9 kilometres); its Town Hall has a significant belfry. The Meadows of Hem nearby, close to the Belgian border, are a popular recreational area.


How to get there: Brussels Airlines flies from New York to Brussels Airport (Brussel Nationaal / Bruxelles-National ), from where car rental is available. Brussels is the nearest large airport to Steenwerck (distance: 155 kilometres). Please note that facilities may change without notice. For up to date information, please check with the airline or your travel agent. You are advised to refer to appropriate consular sources for any special border crossing arrangements which may apply to citizens of certain nationalities.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada


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    • MJFenn profile image

      MJFenn 6 years ago

      Gypsy Willow: The now peaceful countryside, villages and small towns of the Franco-Belgian borderlands mask the horrors of conditions nearly 100 years ago. May we ever be spared such conditions, by God's grace. Thank-you for your comment.

    • Gypsy Willow profile image

      Gypsy Willow 6 years ago from Lake Tahoe Nevada USA , Wales UK and Taupo New Zealand

      Hi MJ thanks for this hub. My Grandfathers both survived the hell of WW1. I wonder if they came here?

    • MJFenn profile image

      MJFenn 6 years ago

      leroy64: I believe it is partly made of brick. I stayed in a neighbouring town, within walking distance of Steenwerck. Thank-you for your comment.

    • leroy64 profile image

      Brian L. Powell 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas (Oak Cliff)

      This looks like an interesting place to visit. I will have to look up Armand Lemay.

      Do you know if the Steenwerck Church tower is made of brick?