ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visiting the Supreme Court of Canada Building, Ottawa, Ontario: a chateau-style, Art Deco creation by Ernest Cormier

Updated on March 5, 2012
Flag of Canada
Flag of Canada | Source
Provincial flag of Ontario
Provincial flag of Ontario | Source
Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa
Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa | Source
Louis St. Laurent (1882-1973) statue, grounds of Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Louis St. Laurent (1882-1973) statue, grounds of Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada | Source

Sedate seat of judicial deliberations

This fine, chateau-type building, at 301 Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario, was built in 1938-1940, the work of prominent Montreal architect Ernest Cormier (1).

Some features

Executed in granite, the building is noted for its Art Deco style, rooted in classicism. A seven bay core is centrally positioned at the main frontage. Pavilions project either side. The building's design is well synchronized, and its approach roads are in well balanced formation.

Steep, copper roofing adds to the edifice's imposing appearance. This roof type was not part of the archictect's original plan, but was added at the Government of Canada's request to be in keeping with the comparable roofing of the Parliament building.

The building's Grand Entrance Hall has marble walls and flooring. Various allegorical and representational statues are found in the vicinity of the building; these include one by Vancouver sculptor Erek Imredy of Louis St.-Laurent (1882-1973), Prime Minister of Canada from 1948 to 1957. Mr. St. Laurent, a prominent lawyer, is seen in his legal robes, which is a particularly suitable depiction, given that he served as Justice Minister from 1941 to 1946 and again in 1948, prior to becoming Prime Minister. The front steps has statues depicting Justice and Truth.

Created in 1875 with six judges, the Supreme Court of Canada reached its present size of nine judges in 1949. In the early years of its existence, its powers were in some ways more limited because of the practice of appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London, England, but this was abolished in principle in 1949 (although outstanding cases were heard in London until the mid-1950s).

The building was essentially complete during most of the Second World War, but the Supreme Court Justices did not begin to use it until 1946. In the meantime, it was deemed necessary for its facilities to fuflil some of the government's wartime needs.

While the main entrance to the Supreme Court building is from Wellington Street, the building can also be viewed to good effect from Gatineau, over the Ottawa River (French: Rivière des Outaouais ). From this direction, the building's situation on a bluff overlooking the River gives it a particular prominence.

Guided tours of the Supreme Court building, by law students, are available.

Canada Post stamp

In 2011, Canada Post issued a stamp depicting the Supreme Court of Canada, as part of a series about Canadian Art Deco structures.

Note

(1) Other well-known buildings for which Architect Cormier is known include: the main building of the Université de Montréal; the building of Quebec Court of Appeal (French: Cour d'appel du Québec ); the Maison Cormier, Montreal, the architect's residence and subsequently that of Pierre Elliott Trudeau..

Also worth seeing

In Ottawa itself, the many visitor attractions include the Parliament buildings and Peace Tower, the Chateau Laurier, the Rideau Canal, Rideau Hall, Laurier House and many museums.

Gatineau , Quebec (distance: 1.8 kilometres); its Maison du citoyen (Citizen's House) has a fine art gallery and the Hall des nations , containing cultural artifacts from around the world.

...

How to get there: Air Canada flies from various North American destinations to Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport / Aéroport international Macdonald-Cartier d'Ottawa; car rental is available; however, visitors may wish instead to use OC Transpo public transit for travel within the Ottawa / Gatineau area. Some facilities may be withdrawn, without notice. You are advised to check for up to date information with the airline or your travel agent. Please refer to appropriate consular sources for any special border crossing arrangements which may apply to citizens of certain nationalities.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)