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James A Watkins

Joined 7 years ago from Chicago. Last activity 2 weeks ago.




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James Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician and writer. James enjoys people, music, film, and books. He is a lifelong student of history and theology. He is the author of the recently published book, 'Jesus in the World: the First 600 Years.'

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  • Entertainment and Media (7)
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  • Politics and Social Issues (15)
  • Religion and Philosophy (29)
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  • Travel and Places (13)
  • The Pursuit of Happiness: Everybody Wants to be Happy

    The Pursuit of Happiness: Everybody Wants to be Happy

    19 months ago

    Everybody wants to be happy. The Pursuit of Happiness is an important individual right. Social Science has studied the keys to happiness. What makes us happy? Family, Religion, Government, Diversity?

  • New Age Religion

    New Age Religion

    19 months ago

    New Age Religion is a new combination of very old ideas. The New Age Movement combines astrology, psychology, gnosticism, pantheism, paganism and the occult to create religion for the Age of Aquarius.

  • C. S. Lewis

    C. S. Lewis

    15 months ago

    C. S. Lewis biography. C. S. Lewis books and his views on God & man; free will; morality; problem of evil, pain & suffering; salvation; wider hope; the Bible; Christian Faith; Christ Jesus of Nazareth

  • The Feminist Movement

    The Feminist Movement

    2 months ago

    Where did the Feminist Movement come from? What have been its changing goals? Have the gains made by the Feminist Movement been good or bad for Americans, men, women, children, families, and society?

  • New Orleans Louisiana

    New Orleans Louisiana

    19 months ago

    New Orleans Louisiana; Cajuns, Mardi Gras, Voodoo, Jazz, the French Quarter, Storyville, hurricanes, floods, the Mississippi River, the Big Easy. Explore the unusual history of this incredible place.

  • Davy Crockett

    Davy Crockett

    17 months ago

    Biography of David Crockett, Davy Crockett, the most famous frontiersman in American history, folk hero, sharpshooter, congressman, Lion of the West, Ballad of Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier

  • White Guilt

    White Guilt

    16 months ago

    White Guilt by Shelby Steele is about Black Militancy, Black Consciousness, Black Power, Black Riots, Racial Politics, the Bigotry of Low Expectations, Responsibility, Freedom, Diversity, White Guilt

  • The French Revolution: Cause and Effect

    The French Revolution: Cause and Effect

    19 months ago

    The French Revolution; Jacobins; Reign of Terror; Guillotine; Vendee Uprising; King Louis XVI; Robespierre; Bigot; Illuminati; Cult of Reason; Atheism; Communism; Feminism; Satanism; the Antichrist.

  • The Long Drive

    The Long Drive

    3 years ago

    This is a story about one of my adventures. I call it "The Long Drive" because that it what is was, among other things. I drove alone for forty-eight hours over two weeks time, covering three thousand miles....

  • West Highland White Terriers: Westies

    West Highland White Terriers: Westies

    3 years ago

    West Highland White Terriers—Westies—are a dog breed originally bred in the West Highlands of Scotland. They are related to the Scottish Terrier. While Scottish Terriers can be black, red, cream, or white,...

  • Surrealism Art

    Surrealism Art

    3 years ago

    Surrealism Art is unreal, bizarre, fantastical, and features imagery that conveys a dream-like quality. Surreal paintings are puzzles that might not have literal meaning. Surreal art is not rational. Surrealism...

  • First World, Second World, Third World

    First World, Second World, Third World

    3 years ago

    First World: freedom, democracy, capitalism, Christianity. Second World: socialism, atheism, genocide, suffering, slavery. Third World: primitive, poor, hunger, disease, filth, misery, malnutrition.

  • Playing Cards History and Playing Card Games

    Playing Cards History and Playing Card Games

    19 months ago

    Explore the fascinating history of playing cards, and the origin on playing card games, including Poker, Blackjack, Rummy, Bridge, and Hearts; as well as playing cards brands and playing cards slang.

  • Margaret Thatcher: the Iron Lady

    Margaret Thatcher: the Iron Lady

    18 months ago

    A brief biography of Margaret Thatcher, the 5th most admired woman in the world of the 2oth Century, only female Prime Minister in British history, elected 3 times, she saved Britain from extinction.

  • The Life of Dr Martin Luther King Jr

    The Life of Dr Martin Luther King Jr

    2 years ago

    Martin Luther King Jr. was a twenty-six year old Baptist minister when he got involved with the civil rights movement in Montgomery, Alabama. He had been in town a little over a year with his fledgling family. As he...

  • Political Thought of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

    Political Thought of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

    3 years ago

    The political thought of Martin Luther King centered around his Christian Faith, nonviolent protest, a colorblind society, the social gospel, affirmative action, and a guaranteed income.

  • Catholicism in the 19th Century

    Catholicism in the 19th Century

    3 years ago

    In the 19th Century, we see develop a new, direct relationship between individual Catholics and the Papacy. The Roman Catholic Church now sought freedom from the power of the State. It realized that state privileges...

  • Europe in the 18th Century

    Europe in the 18th Century

    3 years ago

    INTRODUCTION One of the defining characteristics of Europe in the 18th century is its descent into gross libertinism. Perhaps this was expedited by the growing use of a sheath of silk or linen for birth control, which...

  • Political Quiz

    Political Quiz

    8 weeks ago

    I recently came across a Political Science book that was written in 1958. It was quite popular at the time, though it has now largely disappeared. On Amazon it is listed as the 29,348th Best Seller today. So I guess it...

  • Evangelical Social Reformers

    Evangelical Social Reformers

    16 months ago

    Evangelical Social Reformers combined Social Work with Evangelism. They provided food, clothes, shelter, education, medical care, jobs and much more for the downtrodden while sharing the Gospel.

  • Cool Classic Muscle Cars

    Cool Classic Muscle Cars

    3 years ago

    Classic Muscle Cars are high performance street machines built in the United States for formal and informal drag racing. Classic Muscle Cars had their heyday from 1965 to 1970. Today, they are highly prized by...

  • 18th Century France

    18th Century France

    3 years ago

    In the 18th century, France was by far the greatest power in Europe. French was the language of all educated Europeans. The longest reign in European history was that of Louis XIV, King of France, who reigned from 1643...

  • The Presidency of Jimmy Carter

    The Presidency of Jimmy Carter

    19 months ago

    1970s America was a time of skyrocketing crime rates, a mood of malaise, stagflation, 12% inflation, 20% interest rates, the Iranian hostage crisis, the Helsinki Accords, and President Jimmy Carter.

  • The Second Great Awakening

    The Second Great Awakening

    16 months ago

    The Second Great Awakening ends slavery; Charles Spurgeon, Gypsy Smith, Charles Grandison Finney, Burned Over District, Cane Ridge Camp Meeting, Great Ulster Revival, Seventh Day Adventists, Jamaica

  • Missionaries


    17 months ago

    The stories of Christian missionaries are incredible, including William Carey, Samuel John Mills, Lott Carey, Adoniram Judson, Allen Gardiner, Titus Coan, Hudson Taylor, John Clough, and Lottie Moon.

  • A History of the Jaguar Car

    A History of the Jaguar Car

    4 years ago

    The Jaguar car is world famous for its stylish designs; thrilling performance; luxurious and comfortable interiors; outstanding handling and ride; quality engineering and state-of-the-art technology. No other automobile...

  • Tosh Point O

    Tosh Point O

    4 years ago

    Tosh.0—pronounced tosh point oh—is the most watched weekly series on the Comedy Central television channel. Tosh.0 averages 2.2 million viewers per episode, about ten percent more than The Daily Show with...

  • D L Moody

    D L Moody

    18 months ago

    The most famous man on earth in 1899 was Dwight L Moody. D. L. Moody was an evangelical preacher focused on charity and evangelism who founded the Moody Church and Moody Bible Institute in Chicago.

  • Fidel Castro: Cuban Revolution

    Fidel Castro: Cuban Revolution

    19 months ago

    Cheered on by the American Left, especially the New York Times, Fidel Castro led the Cuban Revolution, along with his friend Che Guevara, leading to the Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • William Wilberforce

    William Wilberforce

    18 months ago

    William Wilberforce and the Clapham Circle of Evangelical Christians abolished slavery in the British Empire and sparked a reformation of morals which ushered in the Victorian Age of England.

  • Biography of Andrew Jackson

    Biography of Andrew Jackson

    4 years ago

    Andrew Jackson was the first Scots-Irish elected President of the United States, as well as the first westerner, the first not born into a prominent colonial family, the first born in a log cabin, the first born into...

  • 18th Century England

    18th Century England

    4 years ago

      King William III of England died in 1702.  His horse stumbled on a molehill, throwing the king to the ground, which broke his collarbone.  While recovering he caught the pneumonia that spelled his...

  • Public Employee Labor Unions

    Public Employee Labor Unions

    18 months ago

    A brief history of public employee labor unions; public employee union pensions; the origin of labor unions. Do unions kill productivity? Are unions good for America? Who are the rich robber barons?

  • Cartier: Art in Jewelry

    Cartier: Art in Jewelry

    4 years ago

    Cartier sells the most beautiful things in the world. Although few people can afford to buy Cartier jewelry or watches, to simply behold the beauty of these creations holds a fascination for many. Cartier jewelry evokes...

  • History of Christianity: 18th Century

    History of Christianity: 18th Century

    18 months ago

    Christianity in the 18th Century saw denominations multiply and theology concern itself with Grace, Repentance, Hell, the Holy Spirit, Born Again, Miracles, Personal Relationships with God, and music.

  • A History of Commercial Airliners

    A History of Commercial Airliners

    5 years ago

    From 1913 a young Russian designer, Igor Sikorsky, set his mind to develop large aircraft. Sikorsky invented a giant airplane (the Grand) with four engines and a wingspan of 88ft 7in. Naysayers said it would never...

  • World's Fair: Columbian Exposition

    World's Fair: Columbian Exposition

    3 years ago

      A World's Fair is a large public exhibition of manufactured products, new inventions, and art, as well as exhibits to promote tourism and cultural understanding; and much more—music, food, and...

  • Deism & Deists

    Deism & Deists

    15 months ago

    The origins of Deism and the beliefs of Deists including the 'Historical Jesus' Project, Hermann Reimarus, Voltaire, French & American Revolutions, and the Christian response to Deism & Deist beliefs.

  • A History of Aviation

    A History of Aviation

    18 months ago

    The History of Aviation—Wright Brothers; pioneers; acrobatics; speed and distance records; barnstormers; air mail; Lindbergh; Earhart; navigation; air traffic control; golden age; manufacturers.

  • The Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War

    18 months ago

    The Vietnam War in French Indochina: Ho Chi Minh, Rolling Thunder, Prisoners of War, atrocities, the anti-war movement, draft dodgers, Tet Offensive, President Johnson, Viet Cong, Paris Peace Accords.

  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening

    19 months ago

    The First Great Awakening was a thirty year revival that led to American Independence. It united the colonies for the first time as 75% of colonists participated with George Whitfield leading the way.

  • John Wesley

    John Wesley

    19 months ago

    John Wesley bio and quotes; Revelation; the Moravians; traveling preacher; comes to America; founds the Methodist Church; focus on charity to, salvation of the poor; died the best loved man in England

  • The Korean War

    The Korean War

    19 months ago

    The start of the Korean War begins with Communist aggression, proceeds to Inchon, the Truman MacArthur dispute, MacArthur fired, MacArthur comes home a hero. The lesson of the Two Koreas revealed.

  • Jonathan Edwards

    Jonathan Edwards

    19 months ago

    The message of Jonathan Edwards (wife: Sarah Edwards); Yale valedictorian at age seventeen; became best loved American preacher, minister, theologian and philosopher; sparked the First Great Awakening

  • The Andy Griffith Show

    The Andy Griffith Show

    19 months ago

    The Andy Griffith Show set in Mayberry with Sheriff Andy, Deputy Barney Fife, Opie and Aunt Bee. Best episodes with Andy Griffith, Don Knotts and Ron Howard. Character sketches and actor biographies.

  • Freak Show

    Freak Show

    3 months ago

    Unusual human beings have been exhibited in public since antiquity. The first traveling "freak show" appeared in 1738 in Europe. Carnival and circus freak shows were immensely popular in America.

  • Gustave Dore

    Gustave Dore

    3 years ago

    Gustave Dore created the most popular illustrations and engravings in the history of human civilization. He reminds me of the top character actors of all time—you know their work, but you don't know their...

  • Vitaliano Designer Mens Neck Ties

    Vitaliano Designer Mens Neck Ties

    4 years ago

    Vitaliano mens ties are cut and sewn by hand in Bologna, Italy. The Vitaliano Pancaldi Company has made neck ties for over fifty years. Vitaliano designer ties are constructed only from the finest silk...

  • Mexico in Modern Times

    Mexico in Modern Times

    2 years ago

    Mexico in the 20th Century: the Mexican Revolution, the Catholic Church, Leftists, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, Cristero Wars, Nationalization, Braceros, NAFTA, Chiapas, the Drug War, remittances.

  • America in the 17th Century

    America in the 17th Century

    4 weeks ago

      In the 17th century, America was primitive and nearly vacant.  A few million Neolithic people were scattered over thousands of miles.  Today it is the mightiest, richest, most dynamic civilization in...

  • 17th Century England

    17th Century England

    3 years ago

    The Virgin Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, after ruling England forty-five years. Queen Elizabeth employed an astrologer, John Dee (1527-1608), and it was he who invented the term "Great Britain." The English...

  • History of Christianity: 17th Century

    History of Christianity: 17th Century

    19 months ago

    The History of Christianity series continues into the 17th century with sections about Lutherans, Baptists, Quakers, Huguenots, Anglicans, Pilgrim's Progress, King James Version, and Reformed Theology

  • Darwin and Evolution

    Darwin and Evolution

    3 years ago

    Is Darwin's Theory of Evolution true? What is the truth about the origin on life on earth, the origin of man, DNA, Intelligent Design, and Darwinism? Was Charles Darwin right on the origin of life?

  • Origin of the Universe

    Origin of the Universe

    18 months ago

    The Origin of the Universe quickly covers the Genesis Creation, the Big Bang, Rare Earth, the Atheist point of view: how did the universe begin? How was our cosmos created? Where did man come from?

  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War

    19 months ago

    The Mexican American War, Republic of Texas, Republic of California, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Santa Anna, General Zachary Taylor, General Winfield Scott, Battle of the Alamo, Battle of San Jacinto

  • The History of Mexico

    The History of Mexico

    3 years ago

      The "Father of the Nation" of Mexico is Miguel Hidalgo.  It was Hidalgo who issued the battle cry in 1810 on September 16—which is Independence Day in Mexico—that led to the eleven...

  • Colonial Mexico

    Colonial Mexico

    3 years ago

    Mexico is named for the Aztec god of war. The Aztecs were an aggressive, imperialist people, who had come from somewhere in the north to conquer Mexico about two hundred years before the Spanish came and conquered them....

  • Detroit Michigan

    Detroit Michigan

    19 months ago

    Fifty years ago Detroit was among the richest cities in the world and offered perhaps the best quality of life of any city in America. Today, it is bankrupt, the most dangerous place in the country, boasts 78,000...

  • Education Problems in Public Schools

    Education Problems in Public Schools

    18 months ago

    Education Problems in Public Schools: John Dewey, Progressive Education, Secular Humanism, Darwinism, Moral Relativism, Social Justice, Multiculturalism, Self Esteem, feminizing boys, Anti-Americanism

  • Immigration & Illegal Aliens

    Immigration & Illegal Aliens

    19 months ago

    Comprehensive Immigration Reform; Illegal Aliens; Jobs Americans won't do; Immigration Act of 1965; Anchor babies or birthright citizenship; Why does the Left hail the deliberate browning of America?

  • Sir Isaac Newton

    Sir Isaac Newton

    3 years ago

    Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) is known as the first popular hero of modern science. The words "scientist" and "physics" did not exist during his lifetime. The most enduring legacy of Sir Isaac...

  • Royal Society

    Royal Society

    4 years ago

      In 1645, a group of twelve English intellectuals began to meet regularly at Oxford to discuss how they might further the ideas of Sir Francis Bacon about improving the world through science.  They began...

  • Science in the 17th Century

    Science in the 17th Century

    4 years ago

    The word scientist was coined in 1840. But the 17th century is revered among scientists as an age of great discovery. This is the century of Galileo, Kepler, Bacon, Pascal, Descartes, and Newton. The 17th century saw...

  • Brief Biography of Blaise Pascal

    Brief Biography of Blaise Pascal

    4 years ago

      Blaise Pascal only lived 39 years, but he left a lasting legacy of influence in theology, philosophy, literature, mathematics, economics, and social science.  He also invented the syringe. Blaise Pascal...

  • Life of Galileo

    Life of Galileo

    3 years ago

    Galileo Galilei was deemed the "Father of Science" by Albert Einstein.  Others call him the "Father of Astronomy" or the "Father of Physics."  The life of Galileo Galilei...

  • Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut

    Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut

    18 months ago

    Harrison Bergeron is a short story by Kurt Vonnegut about the dangers of being fanatical about equality; Crab Mentality; and Tall Poppy Syndrome. Also included is a brief biography of Kurt Vonnegut.

  • 17th Century France

    17th Century France

    3 years ago

      17th Century France is the time and place of the Sun King, Louis XIV.  France was the most populous country in Christendom by the 17th century.  The absolute monarchy reached its zenith in 17th...

  • Wise Words of Wisdom

    Wise Words of Wisdom

    3 years ago

    Wise Words of Wisdom are sought from many sources. Each day, millions of people seek wise words of wisdom from the Holy Bible, the Koran, Bhagavad Gita, or the Torah. Others seek wise words of wisdom from Buddha,...

  • Lake Michigan Circle Tour

    Lake Michigan Circle Tour

    3 months ago

    The Lake Michigan Circle Tour is a designated scenic road system that circumnavigates Lake Michigan: excellent roads, huge sand dunes, beautiful vistas, fabulous beaches, and 100 historic lighthouses.

  • Best Baseball Hitters of All Time

    Best Baseball Hitters of All Time

    3 years ago

    The Best Baseball Hitters listed in this article do not include Babe Ruth, Willie Mays, Ted Williams, Lou Gehrig, Mike Schmidt, Joe Morgan, Honus Wagner, or Johnny Bench. These eight men were written about already in my...

  • The Gypsies

    The Gypsies

    16 months ago

    Who are the Gypsies and where did they come from? The Roma or Romani people have long lived the Gypsy life. This article gives us a glimpse at the history of the Gypsies, who are not Egyptians at all.

  • Famous American Photographers

    Famous American Photographers

    3 years ago

    Famous American Photographers: Irving Penn, Garry Winogrand, Walker Evans, Margaret Bourke-White, Bruce Davidson, Philippe Halsman, Weegee, Sally Mann, Herb Ritts, William Myers, Wallace Kirkland

  • Fox News Women

    Fox News Women

    4 years ago

    I published an article last year entitled Women of Fox News, which has proved to be a major success. By popular demand, I followed it up with Men of Fox News . Now I want to put the spotlight on a different set of Fox...

  • The Founding Fathers

    The Founding Fathers

    4 years ago

    George Washington relinquished near-absolute political power when equally ambitious but less principled men would have reached for more. He was the epitome of gravity, propriety, patriotism, and patient virtue....

  • The Puritans

    The Puritans

    18 months ago

    The Puritans, led by John Winthrop and John Cotton, lived by the highest standards in a bond of brotherly affection to establish a city upon a hill as God had bestowed His blessings of liberty on them

  • The House of David

    The House of David

    3 years ago

    The House of David was a religious colony in my hometown of Benton Harbor, Michigan. When I was a boy I was mesmerized by the magical, mysterious House of David. My father grew up around the House of David,...

  • The Late Great United States of America

    The Late Great United States of America

    3 years ago

    It is the year 2318. At the podium, a professor is about to give a lecture on World History. Let's listen in. This year marks the 300th anniversary of the fall of the Republic of the United States of America. The...

  • Counter Reformation

    Counter Reformation

    3 years ago

    The Council of Trent stated that its purpose was to counter the Reformation. The Council would affirm that the unwritten traditions of the Catholic Church were inspired by the Holy Spirit, i.e., that all revelation did...

  • Christendom in the 16th Century

    Christendom in the 16th Century

    3 years ago

    In the 16th Century, the average person only lived to be forty years old. The humanists at the forefront of the Renaissance saw themselves as descendants of the Roman Empire. They venerated Constantine and...

  • 16th Century England

    16th Century England

    4 years ago

      King Henry VIII was a Tudor.  The Tudors were a Welsh family, descended from Owain ap Maredudd ap Tydwr, a silver-tongued gentleman who caught the eye of the widow of Henry V, Catherine of France. The name...

  • John Calvin

    John Calvin

    3 months ago

    John Calvin, the reformer of the Christian Faith and the greatest theologian since St Augustine. Who was John Calvin and why are his ideas still so important today for Believers in Jesus Christ?

  • Socialism vs Capitalism

    Socialism vs Capitalism

    17 months ago

    Socialism vs Capitalism includes economic freedom, standard of living, collectivization, property rights, central planning, prosperity, liberty, global government, Utopia, Schumpeter, Hayek, & Pipes.

  • Martin Luther Quotes

    Martin Luther Quotes

    3 years ago

    I recently wrote about the life of Martin Luther, the German Reformer. Today I have Martin Luther Quotes to share with you. "The law is a light that illumines and shows, not the grace of God or righteousness and...

  • Martin Luther

    Martin Luther

    3 months ago

    The Protestant Reformation was a revolution, sparked by a seemingly insignificant event. A ripple became a tidal wave. The man who launched it was Martin Luther. Who was he and what did he want?

  • Turds


    2 months ago

    The lowly turd is more interesting than one might think. Let us explore turds. Everybody makes them. Not all turds are equal. Turds are the link between all human beings from Adam to the end of days.

  • Experiments in Socialism

    Experiments in Socialism

    4 years ago

    Vladimir Lenin was filled with hatred, and he was a compulsive liar. He promised various groups of Russians self-determination until he came to power in 1917; fully knowing he intended no such thing. Promises of a...

  • American Artists

    American Artists

    4 years ago

    Benjamin West (1738-1820) of Pennsylvania was the first painter to immortalize the martyrdom of a secular hero in art (see the neoclassical painting below). A close friend of Benjamin Franklin, he became the first...

  • Pros and Cons of Capitalism

    Pros and Cons of Capitalism

    17 months ago

    Pros and Cons of Capitalism defines capitalism; the theory of capitalism; positive effects of capitalism; creative destruction; Private Property; Capitalism vs Socialism; Democracy; Free Enterprise.

  • American Painters

    American Painters

    3 years ago

    John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) of Boston moved to London in 1774 because all of his family’s ties were with those loyal to the British Crown. John Copley never returned to America, but he is still considered...

  • Define Socialism

    Define Socialism

    3 years ago

    Socialism has new wind in its sails. Americans under the age of thirty appear to believe that Socialism is just as good a system as Capitalism. What is Socialism? Socialism is a fundamental reconstruction of society...

  • Christendom in the 15th Century

    Christendom in the 15th Century

    3 years ago

    The leading lights of the Catholic Church met at Pisa in 1409 to solve the problem of having two popes. It was at Pisa, that the church leaders decided that the solution to their problem would be to depose both men and...

  • Byzantium Falls

    Byzantium Falls

    3 years ago

    The Emperor and the Patriarch of Byzantium (Eastern Roman Empire) came to Ferrara, Italy in 1438, to meet with the Roman Catholics and heal their division. 700 Orthodox Church leaders came along on this journey. A...

  • Jan Hus

    Jan Hus

    3 years ago

    Jan Hus was a priest, preacher; and professor at Prague University in Bohemia when one of the popes excommunicated him in 1411, which started a riot among his supporters. The entire city of Prague was then...

  • Christian Theology Before the Reformation

    Christian Theology Before the Reformation

    3 years ago

    The Roman pontiff was the visible head of the Church, to whom every human being must be subject in order to be saved. In the 15th Century, the Church itself became the primary subject of debate among...

  • Generation Zero

    Generation Zero

    12 months ago

    Generation Zero is the title of a new documentary that explores how the Social Liberal ideologies of the Woodstock Generation led to the collapse of our financial system in America. The Woodstock Generation rejected...

  • Christendom in the 14th Century

    Christendom in the 14th Century

    3 years ago

    “It is better to obey God than man.” This passage from Acts 5:29 was the lifelong motto of a merchant from Lyon, France, turned evangelist named Peter Waldo (1140-1218). He founded a group of Christians who...

  • John Wycliffe

    John Wycliffe

    3 years ago

    John Wycliffe (1330-1384) is the “Morning Star of the Reformation.” He railed against the wealth of the Church, rejected papal supremacy, and denied the doctrine of transubstantiation of the Eucharist. He...

  • Should People Eat Animals?

    Should People Eat Animals?

    19 months ago

    Should people eat animals? Many vegetarians do not think animals should be human food. We love pets. But most people like meat in their diets. Animal right activists oppose the killing of any animals.

  • Scotland Road Trip

    Scotland Road Trip

    4 years ago

    I had long been fascinated by Scotland.  I hatched a plan to rent a car to drive around the country, clockwise.  I flew into Glasgow to begin my journey.  If you want to try this at home, keep in mind...

  • Chicago Illinois

    Chicago Illinois

    18 months ago

    A brief History of Chicago Illinois: Great Chicago Fire, L Train, the Loop, Old Town, Maxwell Street, Stock Yards, world's first skyscraper, Windy City, Great Migration, Jane Addams, and World's Fair.

  • Christian History 1250

    Christian History 1250

    3 years ago

    Frederick II (1194-1250) was named Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 1220. His contemporaries called him “the astonishment of world.” To some this was meant as a compliment, and to others it wasn’t....

  • Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire

    Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire

    4 years ago

    Genghis Khan (1162-1227) was an evil genius and tyrant, a man who not only rejoiced in slaughter, but who also commanded the killing of innocent men, women, and children as his mounted minions raped, pillaged, and...

  • Eric Holder

    Eric Holder

    4 years ago

    Eric Holder (b. 1951) is the Attorney General for the United States of America. His parents immigrated to America from Barbados. He earned his degree in History in 1973, and his Juris Doctor in 1976, both from Columbia...

  • Christian History 1200

    Christian History 1200

    6 months ago

    The story of St Francis of Assisi; Franciscan & Dominican monks; 4th & 5th Crusades; and major developments in the way the Holy Eucharist, the Communion of Saints, and the Virgin Mary are understood

  • Brioni Suits for Men

    Brioni Suits for Men

    4 years ago

    What do Donald Trump, Nelson Mandela, Eric Clapton, Al Pacino, Rudolph Guiliani, Richard Gere, Kofi Annan, and Vladimir Putin all have in common? They have one thing in common for sure, that being that they are each...

  • Impressionist Art Painters

    Impressionist Art Painters

    3 years ago

    The Impressionists were painters who were determined to free themselves from the constraints of tradition, and the art establishment of Paris. The works of the Impressionists both puzzled the public and offended the...

  • Men of Fox News

    Men of Fox News

    4 years ago

    Bill O’Reilly has been hosting the top rated program by far on cable television for seven years straight, its name; The O’Reilly Factor.  He was reared on Long Island, where he was a star player in both...

  • Definition of Marriage

    Definition of Marriage

    3 years ago

    My library contains three dictionaries; their definitions of marriage vary in context, but ultimately each source supports the same definition. The definitions of marriage are as follows "The legal union of a man...

  • The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade

    3 years ago

    Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) may be the most remarkable personality of the Twelfth Century, and Aquitaine itself, may have been Europe's most brilliant civilization. Eleanor of Aquitaine accompanied her husband,...

  • Why do People love Dogs

    Why do People love Dogs

    19 months ago

    This article is about the health benefits of having a dog as a pet. It includes famous quotes about dogs; dog idioms; songs about dogs; and a poem about dogs. Man's best friend.

  • Women of Fox News

    Women of Fox News

    6 months ago

    Laura Ingraham, whom I met once, appears often on Fox News as a political commentator. She is a breast cancer survivor. Laura Ingraham is a bestselling author and the sixth most popular radio talk show host in...

  • Holy Crusades

    Holy Crusades

    7 months ago

    Holy Crusades is about Reconquista of Spain and the Holy Land to protect Christian pilgrims and includes Knights Templar & Hospitaller; First, Second & Peoples Crusades; El Cid; and Pope Urban II.

  • Restaurant Dining Etiquette

    Restaurant Dining Etiquette

    6 years ago

    If you use valet parking, be polite to the attendant and when leaving, reward him with a tip.  Once inside, if you are waiting to be seated, be careful not to block the paths of others.  It is traditional for...

  • Dining Etiquette and Manners

    Dining Etiquette and Manners

    6 years ago

    Utensils are placed on the table in the order of use—from the outside in.  Rather than hold them in a fist, rest the fork or spoon on your middle finger and grasp the handle with your thumb and...

  • Forrest Gump

    Forrest Gump

    4 years ago

    Forrest Gump is my favorite film of all time. I love everything about it. The acting is extraordinary; the direction and cinematography superb; the script, the characters, the dialogue sublime; the musical score and...

  • Best Baseball Pitchers Ever

    Best Baseball Pitchers Ever

    19 months ago

    The Best Baseball Pitchers of all time includes pictures & brief bios on Jim Palmer, Sandy Koufax, Bob Gibson, Pedro Martinez, Steve Carlton, Tom Seaver, Greg Maddox, Randy Johnson, and Roger Clemens.

  • Social Etiquette

    Social Etiquette

    5 years ago

    Social Etiquette and Manners includes Rules for Etiquette, Driving Etiquette, Shopping Etiquette, Clothing Etiquette, outward expressions of decency that hold society together, courtesy is contagious.

  • National Education Association

    National Education Association

    6 months ago

    I read a poll that found nearly half of Americans under 30 believe Socialism to be as good as Capitalism. There is a direct correlation in the results of the poll to age. The older one is in America the more...

  • Baroque


    19 months ago

    Baroque Art is a term that describes the art of the 17th Century. In this article, we look at paintings and bios of the Baroque Period, including Caravaggio, Rubens, Vermeer, Velazquez, and others.

  • Payne Stewart Plane Crash

    Payne Stewart Plane Crash

    17 months ago

    It was a morning like any other morning. Or so it seemed.  The weather was perfect in Orlando that day; October 25, 1999.  I was in my office at SunJet Aviation, when one of my pilots, Captain Michael Kling, a...

  • Orthodox Church

    Orthodox Church

    7 months ago

    The Great Schism of 1054 divided Christianity between the Latin West (Roman Catholicism) and the Greek East (Eastern Orthodoxy). From 1054 onwards there were two universal and orthodox churches.

  • Ferragamo


    4 years ago

    Salvatore Ferragamo was an Italian shoemaker who founded the Ferragamo Company, which makes the most beautiful shoes for men in the world, as well as belts, bags, scarves, and shoes for ladies.

  • My Visit to Jerusalem

    My Visit to Jerusalem

    18 months ago

    Come with me to visit Jerusalem, Holy City of Jews and Christians. Included are the Temple Mount; Wailing Wall; Via Dolorosa; Calvary; Empty Tomb of Jesus; Mount of Olives; and Garden of Gethsemane.

  • Renaissance Artists

    Renaissance Artists

    4 years ago

    The Renaissance may have been sparked through ideas expressed in the 14th Century by the Italian author, Petrarch, regarding a desire to see a revival of classical learning.  Renaissance artists led the way to this...

  • My Trip to The Holy Land

    My Trip to The Holy Land

    2 years ago

    Visit the Holy Land including Nazareth, Armageddon, Sea of Galilee, Mount Carmel, Capernaum, River Jordan, and the Mount (as in the Sermon on the Mount) with lots of images and photos of Israel.

  • History Israel

    History Israel

    3 years ago

    The history of Israel, and the Israel Arab conflict, are best understood if we examine the Israel War of Independence. The State of Israel declared independence May 14th, 1948—the most important day in the...

  • History of Israel

    History of Israel

    3 years ago

    Jews have lived in the Holy Land for nearly 4000 years. Jews are the only people on Earth who have retained their identity from so long ago, and undoubtedly the most tenacious people in history. Jews and Arabs are...

  • Wives and Daughters

    Wives and Daughters

    4 years ago

    The unthinkable has happened.  I have fallen in love with another woman. MOLLY GIBSON Fortunately or unfortunately, the other woman is a fictional character who lived in 1830s England. Her name is Molly...

  • Photographic Art

    Photographic Art

    3 years ago

    This is a collection of some of my favorite Photographic Art, featuring a dozen pictures; one each by Dorothea Lange, Edward Weston, Robert Capa, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Gordon Parks, Ansel Adams, Joe Rosenthal, Wayne...

  • Partition America

    Partition America

    3 years ago

    Since America is so polarized politically I think it best to split into 2 equally populated countries, with each side getting exactly what they now fight for culturally and economically.

  • Maltese Dogs

    Maltese Dogs

    4 years ago

    I'll never forget the day I met Hercules. First to back up just a bit—we were in New Orleans for Mardi Gras about six years ago or so and in the elevator of the Ritz Carlton suddenly a tiny white dog popped his...

  • Dr Samuel Johnson Eulogy for his Wife Tetty

    Dr Samuel Johnson Eulogy for his Wife Tetty

    10 months ago

    When the beloved wife of Dr Samuel Johnson, Tetty, died, he wrote an awesome eulogy for her. It is meant to make us think of what lies beyong this Vale of Tears; what lies Beyond the Grave.

  • Russia History

    Russia History

    2 years ago

    The history of Russia is intertwined with the history of Europe.    The people of Russia are largely Slavs from Eastern Europe but the first Russian state was formed by Vikings warriors in the 9th...

  • My Home is the Oldest House in Orlando

    My Home is the Oldest House in Orlando

    3 years ago

    I live in the oldest home in Orlando, Florida.  It is a Victorian style house with gables, dormers, and a large wrap-around porch.  The "Princeton House" was built in 1882.  It remains its...

  • First Man on the Moon

    First Man on the Moon

    15 months ago

    First Man on the Moon features the Apollo Missions Program, Apollo 11, and Neil Armstrong, Jim Lovell, Frank Borman, and William Anders. It was one small step for a man but one giant leap for mankind.

  • American Art

    American Art

    4 weeks ago

    A gallery of 12 great American painters, including Frederic Remington, Grant Wood, Edwin Hopper, Andrew Wyeth, Norman Rockwell, John Singleton Copley, Frederic Church, Winslow Homer, and others.

  • Los Angeles

    Los Angeles

    5 years ago

    Los Angeles, California is world famous as the center of the motion picture industry. The Los Angeles Metropolitan Area is the second most populous in the United States, with 18 million souls in residence. It is...

  • Greatest Nine Players in Baseball History

    Greatest Nine Players in Baseball History

    2 years ago

    The greatest nine or best baseball players in history includes profiles of Walter Johnson, Babe Ruth, Willie Mays, Ted Williams, Honus Wagner, Johnny Bench, Lou Gehrig, Ted Schmidt, and Joe Morgan.

  • Founding Fathers

    Founding Fathers

    3 years ago

    George Washington called the American Revolution the "Great Experiment."   He also said, in his Farewell Address, "Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion...

  • New York New York

    New York New York

    6 years ago

    New York City boasts one of the largest natural ports in the world, offering a safe haven for seafaring ships. It was "discovered" by an Italian explorer, Giovanni da Verrazzano, in 1524. The Dutch laid...

  • The Hubble Telescope

    The Hubble Telescope

    7 years ago

    The Hubble Space Telescope is one of the greatest achievements in the history of mankind.   The Hubble Telescope has cost approximately six billion dollars and has been worth every penny.  It was...

  • The Art of Pitching

    The Art of Pitching

    3 years ago

    Pitching a baseball is not the same as throwing one.  Pitching is an art and a science.   Baseball is played—and understood by fans—primarily between the ears.   It is largely a...

  • Pompeii Naples Capri Sorrento

    Pompeii Naples Capri Sorrento

    7 years ago

    It was a beautiful day in Pompeii. The year was 79 A.D. People were enjoying their public baths and theatres. A wrestling tournament was underway. The wine shop and farmers market were doing brisk business. The...

  • Renaissance Paintings

    Renaissance Paintings

    17 months ago

    Renaissance Paintings, Fine Arts, come and enjoy magnificent paintings, brief bios of Giotto, van Eyck, Botticelli, Durer, Bosch, Raphael, El Greco, Caravaggio, Velazquez, Rubens, Vermeer, Delacroix.

  • The Progressive Movement

    The Progressive Movement

    2 weeks ago

    The Progressive Movement began late in the 19th Century.  Its Central Tenets are Statism, Income Redistribution, Unionism, Government Management of the Economy, womb to tomb provision for its citizens, and a...

  • Health Care In America

    Health Care In America

    4 years ago

    Health care in America is the subject of much debate. On one side are folks who favor socialized health care because they see major problems with the current system of health care in the United States.  On...

  • Monaco and Malta

    Monaco and Malta

    3 years ago

    What do Monaco and Malta have in common? They both start with an "M." Seriously though, they have very little in common except that I visited both of them during a vacation a few years ago. Both places have...

  • Wales Driving Tour

    Wales Driving Tour

    7 years ago

    Legend has it that in 1170 B.C. (Before Christ) the Ark of the Covenant was captured by Brutus, a descendant of the Trojans, and he brought it to an uninhabited Island he named Britain, after himself. About 1900 years...

  • Liberty Lost in America

    Liberty Lost in America

    7 years ago

    "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness....

  • Unions killed Michigan

    Unions killed Michigan

    17 months ago

    Labor Unions Killed Michigan; Henry Ford, auto industry, closed shops, monopoly on labor, strikes, sinecures, Rust Belt, Japanese car makers, Right to Work, "Unionism will lead to Communism"-KARL MARX

  • Private Jets in the 21st Century

    Private Jets in the 21st Century

    7 years ago

    There have been incredible advances in the technology used in private jets, or business jets as they are commonly called now.   The newer generations of these beautiful aircraft are far quieter and more fuel...

  • A Brief History of Private Jets

    A Brief History of Private Jets

    5 years ago

    Private Jets have been maligned in the press lately and the use of them harshly criticized by some politicians. This is the story of Private Jets (the short version). The first Private Jet was the Learjet 23,...

  • Chicago Cubs baseball fans

    Chicago Cubs baseball fans

    2 years ago

    "The Star Spangled Banner" is the song played more than any other in America today, followed by "Happy Birthday to You." In third place is "Take Me Out to the Ballgame." Harry Carey, the...

  • Art in my Home

    Art in my Home

    2 years ago

    The art in my home is not all old. On this page, the third in a series of three about art, I will present an eclectic mix of paintings I have acquired, beginning with some living artists who caught my eye recently. ...

  • Rembrandt Paintings

    Rembrandt Paintings

    6 years ago

    We will begin with a short Rembrandt biography. Then we will move on the Rembrandt paintings, Rembrandt art. Rembrandt was born in 1606 in Leiden, The Netherlands, and he died in 1669 in Amsterdam. He is my favorite...

  • Beauty is the purpose of Art

    Beauty is the purpose of Art

    2 years ago

    Assumption of the Virgin 1518 I want share some of the paintings in my home and here are a few examples. They are all copies, of course. Above is a photo of one of my favorite paintings, which is a replica of an...

  • God is the creator of the universe

    God is the creator of the universe

    3 years ago

    God created the world, meaning everything we can perceive and everybody you will ever meet. I think a look around tells us He is incredibly creative as evidenced by the number of species we continue to catalog; the...