ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Artists help - Paint color ratios- How to mix colors.Basic color help when mixing paint

Updated on February 8, 2018
Source

While painting have you ever thought you need a different color green for variety in the leaves on the trees or you want the water and sky to be a different blue but don't want to buy new tubes? Here's a brief introduction on how to mix your own colors saving you time, bucks and that trip to the store.

Mixing purples.

To get clean purple mix a cool red with warm or neutral blue. Eg Alizarin Crimson or Permanent Rose or Magenta with Ultramarine Blue, French Ultramarine or Cobalt Blue.

As soon as there is yellow in the mix, the purple colour range become brownish.

  • Reds with yellow include Cadmium Red, Vermillion.
  • Blues with Yellow include Phthalo Blue, Winsor Blue

Shown here is Permanent Rose mixed through to Ultramarine Blue.

Source
Source
Source

Mixing Greens

Greens straight from the tube are rarely convincing. Its better to mix your own from blue and yellow or take a tube green and mix other colours with it.

You need to know that a mix of the 3 primary colours, red + blue + yellow, makes browns or greys, depending on the mix. Here are a few but the combinations are endless.

For clean green colors mix paints that only have blue and yellow in them.

eg. Lemon Yellow or Aureolin are yellows with a touch of blue. Phthalo Blue or Winsor Blue are blues with a touch of yellow. All these paints when mixed make vibrant greens.

but -

Cadmium yellow (yellow + red) mixed with any blue makes a toned-down green as there is yellow + red + blue in the mix.

Similarly -

Ultramarine Blue (blue + red) mixed with any yellow makes a toned-down green as again, there is blue + red+ yellow in the mix. Cobalt Blue has no bias so mixes well.

To tone down green colors , add red to the mix.

Cadmium Yellow mixed with Cadmium Red

Cadmium Yellow mixed with Cadmium Red
Cadmium Yellow mixed with Cadmium Red | Source

Mixing Orange

Regardless of the name of a tube colour, its the proportionate presence of the primaries in the mix – red, blue and yellow – that matter.

  • If two paints with the same two primaries mix, the result will be a clear third colour.
  • If the mix contains each of the three primaries in whatever proportion, the third colour will be browned or greyed, depending on the proportion of yellow or blue in the mix.

So, to mix clear orange use:

  • a yellow with a red bias (eg Cadmium Yellow, New Gamboge)
  • and a red with a yellow bias (eg Cadmium Red, Vermillion)

Cadmium Yellow mixed with Cadmium Red

Of course, the combinations are endless which makes it so exciting and with watercolor there is also the consideration of transparency and opacity, but that’s a later story.

The earth colours are toned-down versions of the warm yellows and reds and include Raw and Burnt Sienna, Raw and Burnt Umber, Yellow Ochre, Sepia, Vandyke Brown etc.

They can be used to lower the tone of the warm yellows and reds and still remain lively instead of killing them off with black.

There you have it, tons more colors using the colours you have already and a little know how. Paint away my friend, enjoy the fun and feel the satisfaction of mixing your own colors to create a new color that is just right.

Some great online art supply directories are: (I am in no way affiliated with or receive any type of payment from these companies)

Check out my other hubs on painting and art.

Paint with watercolor, budding artist tips. Art answers to a few random questions.

How to paint and draw - perspective.

Paint in watercolor - REGAINING and RETAINING WHITES. How to paint edges with watercolor - Art beginners tips and techniques.

Art -Presentation, Framing and Finishing to a gallery accepted standard.

Art how to - DESIGNING A PAINTING or DRAWING.

How to paint and draw using a Two-point perspective.

Paint watercolor tips. Art how to

Art How to paint En Plein Air (painting outdoors)


Watercolour paper and tips on painting moving water.

Art how to on Watercolor painting - Technique - washes.

Paint How to mix colors

Painting and drawing General mistakes, problems and how to fix them.

D I Y Framing - an easy how to on framing to save you $$$.

Art how to paint - make tints, shades, tones and colors.

Some other great hubs to read on watercolor are

Baby Steps to Beginning Watercolor Painting

Frank Clarke Watercolor Brushes

If you enjoyed my hub please check out my other hubs, comment, share and email the link to friends and checkout the items printed in blue for my recommendations and links.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Frangipanni profile imageAUTHOR

      Frangipanni 

      5 years ago

      Thanks peachpurple for the kind comment and yes, I'm glad to hear it is helpful to you. Have a nice day.

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 

      5 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      i am not good at mixing color but with your hub, i believe i am learning something. Thanks . Voted up

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)