ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Careers in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Updated on June 3, 2012

Careers in Biotechnology

Graduates with degrees in molecular biology or biochemistry often work for biotechnology companies.
Graduates with degrees in molecular biology or biochemistry often work for biotechnology companies. | Source

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Job Locations

Where are biochemistry and molecular biology jobs found? In general, graduates with a scientific degree will work for a private company, corporation, or educational facility. Many job positions for major biotechnology corporations are staffed through temp agencies, to ensure a “good fit” before a company makes the final decision to hire a candidate. Finding an internship with a biotech company is always a good plan for current college students or recent graduates: a company may be more willing to hire a familiar intern than an unknown candidate. The following locations are places where biochemistry graduates find positions:

Biotechnology Corporations: Pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceutical companies are generally major corporations involved in the development of devices and drugs that have direct contact with a patient. Pharmaceutical companies are responsible for the vast majority of recent drug discoveries: those with scientific degrees may obtain positions in manufacturing, developing, or monitoring the quality of the laboratories. Eli Lilly, Bayer, and Pfizer are all pharmaceutical companies with positions for individuals with biology degrees.

Biotechnology Corporations: In Vitro Diagnostics

In-vitro diagnostics (IVD) involves the development and production of testing kits for various infectious diseases, genetic conditions, and other conditions. Most IVD laboratories are run by major corporations and produce tests for blood clotting disorders, drug of abuse analysis kits, and southern blot for various infectious diseases. The range of products produced by IVD companies is extremely diverse, and these companies often include many different types of positions for those with biology degrees. An example of an In Vitro Diagnostic company would be bioMerieux, which produces tests to detect infectious pathogens.


Graduates with biology degrees, including biochemistry or molecular biology degrees, may obtain a position in agribusiness. Agribusiness is dedicated to the growth, processing, and distribution of food. John Deere, Ocean Spray, and Monsanto are famous names in Agribusiness.

Biochemistry Jobs in the Military

Working for the military is one option for biochemistry graduates: one career option is to work for the Navy's Criminal Investigative Service.
Working for the military is one option for biochemistry graduates: one career option is to work for the Navy's Criminal Investigative Service. | Source

Research Facilities

Research facilities may be part of a private enterprise or part of an educational facility. Some non-profit groups operate research facilities. In general, the lead positions for research teams require an advanced degree: research associates and technicians require a bachelor’s degree. One example of a research facility would be Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, NY, which develops new cancer treatments.

Another opportunity for research is etho-biochemistry. Researchers in this field primarily work through educational institutions and discover the medicinal effects of native plants. In one example, the use of neem leaves as rabbit feed in Nigeria was studied and found to lower serum glucose in rabbits. The neem also caused slow growth and reduced nutrient uptake, proving that this native plant is not a good alternative food source for rabbits in Nigeria. The cost of conventional rabbit feed is high, so etho-biochemists perform studies on native plants to determine if an acceptable alternative food source can be identified. In this case, neem leaf was not an acceptable food source, as demonstrated by biochemical studies on the rabbits.


Some people who obtain advanced degrees may obtain a teaching position at a university. Often, a teaching position is a required component of university-led research. A master’s degree is the minimum level for teaching at most community colleges, and a Ph.D. is required for teaching at a university.


The Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard all employ biochemists and molecular biologists. Career options range from biochemical research to forensic toxicology - many biochemists are employed by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS), for example.

Law Enforcement

Forensics requires an education in biochemistry: while some universities offer course work and degrees specific to forensics, most people who work in a forensics lab have a degree in biochemistry. Careers in this field range from working as a medical examiner to a crime scene investigator.

Biotechnology: A Career Option for Science Majors

Working for a biotechnology company allows biochemistry and molecular biology majors to use their education by developing and manufacturing cutting-edge technology. The author, in an advertisement for a d-dimer assay instrument.
Working for a biotechnology company allows biochemistry and molecular biology majors to use their education by developing and manufacturing cutting-edge technology. The author, in an advertisement for a d-dimer assay instrument. | Source

Job titles for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology: Bachelor’s Degree Level

Biologist: This position requires work in the lab with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), cell culture, and mass spectrometry. Knowledge of good manufacturing practices (GMP) and basic laboratory techniques is required.

Laboratory Assistant: A laboratory assistant working for a biotechnology corporation would generally work in a lab, running protein samples on gels, performing HPLC chromatography, formulating buffers, and performing basic laboratory procedures (preparing work surfaces, cleaning, and maintenance). This position requires a bachelor’s degree.

Research Associate: The research associate position works under a research scientist (with an advanced degree), performing written research protocols and recording data. The research associate must have knowledge of basic laboratory techniques, have the ability to record data in Microsoft Excel, and have good written communication skills.

QC Associate: A Quality Control associate would perform product testing, review and revise standard operating procedures, perform audits, and ensure cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practices) in the Q.C. laboratory. This position would require a bachelor’s degree.

Quality Control: A Career Option for Science Majors

Quality control testing is a vital part of manufacturing pharmaceuticals or in vitro diagnostics.
Quality control testing is a vital part of manufacturing pharmaceuticals or in vitro diagnostics. | Source

General Career Categories


Working in the production or formulations department will involve compounding buffers, manufacturing reagents, following written formulation protocols, and performing all tasks according to the FDA's "current good manufacturing practices" (cGMP) guidelines. Working in a biotech company may include working with toxic or hazardous chemicals and biological materials. In addition, you may be required to work with animal products or organs. Work may take place in an open laboratory, under a fume hood, or in a clean room. Employees may be required to wear a respirator, clean room "bunny suit," goggles, and other safety equipment. The environment may involve temperature controls, including work in cold rooms (kept at 2-8°C).

Product Development/Research and Development

With an advanced degree (Ph.D.), it is possible to head up a product development or R&D department. Those with bachelor's degrees will often be termed "research associates" and will be responsible for following the experimental design created by the Research Scientist. As an associate, the employee will be responsible for performing the experiments, recording data, and writing reports. Accuracy, good laboratory technique, and the ability to use Excel are often required for a research associate position.

Quality Control

Quality Control technicians test products to ensure they meet release criteria for the company. Stability testing, performance testing, and visual inspection may be required. Q.C. technicians may also participate in audits, monitor labs for appropriate cGMP compliance, and write/revise standard operating procedures (SOPs).

Quality Assurance

Quality Assurance employees write and revise SOPs, ensure the facility maintains adherance to the FDA's cGMP requirements, control documents, and release product for sale after review. The QA department conducts audits and is sometimes under the auspices of a Regulatory Affairs department.

Regulatory Affairs

Employees in the Regulatory Affairs office deal with all regulations pertaining to governmental offices, such as the FDA, European Standard (CE marking) and any other regulations from countries where the company's products are sold. Clinical trial submissions are handled through the Regulatory Affairs office.

Careers in Biotechnology

Job titles for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology: Advanced Degree Level

Principal Research Scientist: This position requires a Ph.D. in any biological science, with strong skills in molecular biology and biochemistry laboratory techniques. As a principal research scientist, the candidate would devise and implement experiments, work with various groups within the organization, have the ability to lead several projects at the same time, and direct a team to secure results in a timely manner. This type of position may involve drug discovery, the development of novel diagnostic platforms, or therapies for pharmaceutical and biotechnology corporations.

Sr. Information Research Scientist: This position requires an advanced degree (Master’s Degree or Ph.D.) in biochemistry or molecular biology. An information research scientist reviews patents for a legal department. This position requires in-depth knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology terms and techniques, analysis of the patent in question and of current scientific techniques, the preparation of reports, and the ability to train and mentor other research scientists.

Major Biotechnology Career Locations

Research Triangle, North Carolina:
Research Triangle Academy, 2418 Ellis Rd, Durham, NC 27703, USA

get directions

Research Triangle in North Carolina is a major biotechnology career location. Research Triangle is located in Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill.

San Diego, California:
San Diego, CA, USA

get directions

San Diego has a high density of biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. This area is also known as "Biotech Beach."

Boston, MA, USA

get directions

Boston, Massachusetts is another biotech hot-spot. This geographical area goes by the colloquial name "Genetown" in biotech circles.

San Francisco, California:
San Francisco, CA, USA

get directions

Also known as "Biotech Bay," San Francisco has many biotechnology companies. Genentech calls the Bay Area home.

Washington, D.C.:
Washington, DC, USA

get directions

The nation's capital has many biotechnology firms to its credit - this area of the country is known as "BioCapital"

Connecticut, USA

get directions

The area surrounding NY, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Pennsylvania is known as "Pharm Country" for a high density of biotech firms.

Minnesota, USA:
Minnesota, USA

get directions

The Midwest has its own biotechnology hotbed: Minnesota, Missouri, Michigan, Indiana, and Kansas all support growing biotechnology companies.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      7 years ago from Western New York

      I hope it was helpful to you, Shivali.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      There are so many possibilities, Joy! It really is a great career field for young science graduates - and as with the entire healthcare industry, it is likely to grow in the future.

    • Joy M profile image

      Joy M 

      9 years ago from Sumner, Washington

      Great hub for college freshmen or high school seniors. It really lays out the possibilities.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      They are very fascinating fields of study, Simone. The major biotech areas are in great cities. We used to work (and live) in Ventura, CA which was a minor biotech area - though a position in the Bay Area was briefly considered. We're now oddly located in a very rural area, which shows that biotech companies can be found anywhere!

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 

      9 years ago from San Francisco

      Gosh, when I went to college, I didn't think TWICE about studying biochemistry or molecular biology, but now I'm really wondering why I hadn't considered these fields! The related careers are fascinating, plus the major biochemistry and molecular biology cities are awesome. Yeesh- more high schools need to let students know how awesome these pursuits are!

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      I hope it helps someone who is deciding on a university major or who is simply trying to decide on careers post-graduation, meloncauli!

    • meloncauli profile image


      9 years ago from UK

      Very informative and useful article for those interested in this kind of work. Voted up.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      Thank you, Virtual Treasures. Many students who choose a biological sciences major have their eyes on medical school, but there are many options for graduates with a science degree!

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      It is good to get a sense of the available options prior to graduation, urmilashukla - students can begin to gauge whether they'd like working in the lab or office, and whether they should pursue a higher level degree for a higher-earning position.

    • Virtual Treasures profile image

      Tonja Petrella 

      9 years ago from Michigan

      Very thorough article! Voted up and useful! Thank you for sharing!

    • urmilashukla23 profile image


      9 years ago from Rancho Cucamonga,CA, USA

      Great information for the students who are interested in this field. Voted up and shared!

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      9 years ago from Western New York

      Thanks, Riverfish. I have worked in manufacturing, product development, technical service, and quality assurance - and transferred product to a new facility overseas (which involved a little bit of every department), so I've worked in several different areas. I think I liked QA and PD the best - I found I didn't like the manufacturing lab as much as I liked designing experiments, solving problems, and writing.

    • Riverfish24 profile image


      9 years ago from United States

      This is great info for anybody interested in pursuing a career in this field.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)