Staff Selection Commission (SSC):Examinations for Group 'B' and 'C' Govt. Jobs
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) was established by Government of India as "Subordinate Services Commission", an attached office of department of Personnel and Training, to recruit "Group C” (non-technical) staff in the various Ministries, government departments, and other Subordinate Offices. Later on it was rechristened as the ‘Staff Selection Commission’ in 1977 and its scope was broadened to recruit "Group B" staff also.
Organizational Set up
Commission is headed by a Chairman who is assisted by two members, a Secretary and a Deputy Secretary and nine Under Secretaries at SSC headquarters in New Delhi. In addition to the above staff, there are Directors (one Director, two Joint Directors, four Deputy Directors, an Assistant Director), Finance (one) and Budget Officer (one), and Section Officers (24), plus hundreds of supporting officers and staff. There are regional offices in several states which are headed by a Regional Director/Deputy Director and two Sub-Regional Directors. These regional offices constitute a large network throughout the country to assist in conducting examinations at examination centers spread all over India.
SSC conducts both open and departmental examinations for recruitment to various government agencies. Main examinations conducted by SSC are as follows:
- Combined Graduate Level examination (CGLE): Examination is conducted to recruit the following Group B and C staff:
- Assistants in various ministries, departments, and organizations
- Inspectors in the Central Excise Department, Income Tax Department, Inspectors of Posts
- Sub-Inspectors in Delhi Police, Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), Assistant Sub Inspectors in CISF and Sub Inspector in CBI
- Divisional Accountants
- Junior Accountants and Auditors
- Upper Divisional Clerks (UDCs)
Candidates willing to appear in SSC’s CGL examination must possess a Bachelor’s degree to become eligible for the examination. However, candidates appearing for the final year of graduation examination may also appear in the CGL examination provisionally.
Candidates in the age group of 18 to 32 years depending on the post may apply for SSC CGL examination. There exists age relaxation for different categories of candidates.
SSC CGL is usually conducted once in a year. This is a Multi-Tier examination, including Tier I, Tier II, a computer proficiency test, and an interview.
Tier 1 – Candidates have to answer objective Type Questions related to General Intelligence, Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension. Total marks are 200 and candidates have to secure Cut Off marks as decided by the SSC.
Tier 2 – This examination also comprises of Objective Type Questions to test Quantitative Aptitude, English Language and Comprehension, Statistics and General Studies (Finance & Accounting and Economics & Governance) of the candidates and total marks assigned to Tier 2 examination are 800 marks.
Tier 3 – Candidates have to attempt 100 marks paper of descriptive nature which will test their proficiency in English or Hindi via Essay/Passage and Letter/Application writing, etc.
After qualifying in the above tests, last step is to qualify Computer-based Skill Test.
2. Combined Higher Secondary Level (Written/Descriptive test)
The Combined Metric Level examination is conducted to recruit following staff in various departments:
- Data Entry Operators,
- LDCs (Lower Division Clerks) and Stenos in groups C and D.
Candidates should have passed matriculation or higher level of examination, and possess a typing speed of 25 wpm in Hindi or 30 wpm in English (for an LDC post) and shorthand speed of 80 wpm in Hindi and 100 wpm in English (for Steno posts).
i) Paper I – Cut off is fixed for merit
ii) Paper II (Descriptive examination): The qualifying marks are fixed in descriptive paper (Paper II),
iii) Skill test (Applicable for Data Entry Operator): Test is taken on the computer and candidates are required to qualify the 'Data Entry Speed' Skill Test at the prescribed speed (speed not less than 8000 key depressions per hour) on computer. Each candidate is given 15 minutes time for the test and provided printed matter in English containing about 2000-2200 strokes/key depressions to enter.
iv) Typing Test (Applicable for Lower Division Clerks): Candidates applying for the post of LDC have to qualify Typing test taken on computer in Hindi or English. Candidates taking test in English need to type 35 words per minute (wpm) and those in Hindi require to type 30 words per minute in 10 minutes time provided for the test.
- Tax Assistant Examination: SSC conducts this multi-tier examination to recruit Tax Assistants in CBDT and CBEC. This and includes a Tier I, Tier II, and a computer proficiency test. No interviews are held for candidates appearing in this examination for recruitment.
- Statistical Investigator (SSS) grade IV
A separate examination is conducted each year to recruit Statistical Investigators to work in the Dept. of Statistics & PI.
3. Junior Engineer (Civil & Electrical)
Junior Engineers for the CPWD / Dept. of Posts, Military Engineering Service are recruited through this examination which includes a written test followed by an interview. Minimum qualification is a diploma in Civil/Electrical or Mechanical Engineering.
4.Junior Hindi Translator (CSOLS)
The Junior Translators (CSOLS) Examination is conducted by SSC to recruit Junior Translators of CSOLS Cadre in DOL which involves a written test followed by an interview. Minimum qualification for this post is a master's degree in any subject with Hindi and English as compulsory/elective subjects at degree level.
5. Junior Hindi Translator (for Subordinate offices)
This examination includes a written test followed by an interview and a master's degree in any subject, with Hindi and English as compulsory/elective subjects at degree level is the minimum qualification.
6. Section Officer (Audit/Accounts/Commercial Audit)
Examination is conducted to recruit Section Officers for audit, accounts and commercial audit sections.
7. Deputy Field Officer (Cabinet Secretariat) Examination
This Multi-Tasking Staff Examination is a single tier examination. Direct interviews and skill tests are held for isolated specialized posts (Selection Posts).
8. Sub Inspectors in CPOs
SSC conducts examination to recruit Sub Inspectors for CPOs (Central Police Organizations) which includes a written test, physical efficiency test, and a medical exam followed by an interview. Graduation in any stream is a minimum qualification. Athletic certificates are given preferential treatment through additional weight.