ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

On Time and Cosmological Acceleration

Updated on February 4, 2014

A long trail of discovery has brought us to our current understanding of the cosmos.

The overall structure of the cosmos is something like filaments or a foam.
The overall structure of the cosmos is something like filaments or a foam.
As the cosmos evolves, the filaments become more distinct and the voids much larger.
As the cosmos evolves, the filaments become more distinct and the voids much larger.
Out of nothing that we are familiar with, the cosmos erupted from the big bang and accelerated out from there.
Out of nothing that we are familiar with, the cosmos erupted from the big bang and accelerated out from there.
The anisotropic probes COBE and WMAP gave us data that the cosmos started off uneven and lumpy, which accounts for its structures today and for the future.
The anisotropic probes COBE and WMAP gave us data that the cosmos started off uneven and lumpy, which accounts for its structures today and for the future.
Due to Mercury being deeper in the sun's gravity well, aging of its rocks should be slower than on earth.
Due to Mercury being deeper in the sun's gravity well, aging of its rocks should be slower than on earth.
In a bubble chamber or a cloud chamber, we can actually see how subatomic particles interact with the cosmos.
In a bubble chamber or a cloud chamber, we can actually see how subatomic particles interact with the cosmos.
This is part of the Large Hadron Collider, which is allowing physicists to peer into the realm of the subatomic at high energies associated with the conditions near the beginning of the cosmos ans thus its ultimate fate.
This is part of the Large Hadron Collider, which is allowing physicists to peer into the realm of the subatomic at high energies associated with the conditions near the beginning of the cosmos ans thus its ultimate fate.
High velocity gamma rays smash into the upper atmosphere and a rain of muons is able to reach the surface. Being short lived, they should not be able to reach our detectors on the earth's surface, but since they move so fast, they go through an Einst
High velocity gamma rays smash into the upper atmosphere and a rain of muons is able to reach the surface. Being short lived, they should not be able to reach our detectors on the earth's surface, but since they move so fast, they go through an Einst

Since we are inside the cosmos, we see things from that perspecive and as a result, time and gravity play tricks on our senses.

The key to understanding the accelerating cosmological expansion that has thrown a lot of current theories and understanding in doubt, is the understanding of the relativity of time and what is referred to as time dilation. Einstein's ideas concerning the contraction and dilation of time is fundamental in understanding where we are and why the cosmos appears to be doing what it does in our view. We are embedded in the cosmos and therefore see it from the inside. We already know and can account for orbital variations of Mercury, the slowing and speeding of time in orbit and what happens to short lived particles when near the speed of light. What we see by way of cosmological acceleration is by way of an illusion based on an incomplete understanding of what is going on. Media and pop science has made a lot of confusion on this matter. In the beginning, it was Hubble who discovered that the cosmos was expanding and from this we worked backwards to arrive at the big bang. We have also worked forward and based on recent observation on the apparent increasing acceleration with distance from our point of view. This new observation has spurred a flurry of hypotheses and ideas including the one presented here.


Einstein placed no limits on the velocity of the expansion or collapse of space, whereas light and matter were restricted to the relative velocity of light. Carefully consider what he stated, as it is loaded with deep implications and significance. He has been experimentally and observationally vindicated in the main thrusts of his ideas. What limits were imposed were in the relationship between mass, gravity and energy. In fact Einstein told us that mass and gravity tells space how to curve and the curvature of space tells mass and gravity how to behave. This is a classic feedback loop. The distribution of mass and gravity is also uneven in the cosmos, where there are strings of galaxies and vast voids in between. This distribution also follows various strange attractors like the point, the sink, the source and the saddle. The distribution of mass in concentrated form, such as in galactic clusters, causes gravitational lensing that creates curious effects. Light is bent around the galaxy clusters to create magnification of background objects behind the cluster. The magnified objects often show up as curved arcs around the galactic clusters demonstrating the curvature of space visually. Excellent Hubble images of gravitational lensing show these patterns clearly.


In the big bang scenario, the cosmological acceleration was faster than the speed of light as the initial fireball exploded out of the void. It then slowed and later accelerated according to the modern ideas of expansion. The early historic expansion view is supported by investigations of the COBE and WMAP satellite observations. But when we look to the edges of the cosmos with the Hubble and Iras telescopes, we see a disturbing vision that suggests a dark, cold and almost empty, lifeless future. We know from Stephen Hawking that in falling matter into a black hole appears to slow from our point of view. There is also a dramatic red shift near the event horizon. If somehow we were at the event horizon ourselves, the cosmos would appear to speed up the closer we got. In fact, as we got ever closer to the event horizon, time itself would appear to be accelerating as the cosmos evolved and changed faster and faster. This is fundamental to the frame of reference and time dilation. Could it be then that the sum of gravity is causing us to witness a local distortion of time perspectives by making it appear that the expansion of the cosmos is accelerating as time unfolds? Is it also possible that no matter where one is in the cosmos, the same thing would be observed? Could it be that we are witness to a grand cosmic illusion?

We have witnessed what gravity can do on the large scale in the form of gravitational lensing caused by large groups of galaxies. The further we look into space, the more gravity we we deal with between us and the far cosmic depths. This increases distortion and can give us a weird view of reality. The intervening gravitational fields in a combined and uneven manner can cause apparent greater acceleration at great distances. Also, it we peer out in different directions, the acceleration may vary. This idea so far has no corroborating support as observations to the depth in many directions have yet to be done.


Another observation closer to home involving high speed sub atomic particles coming in from deep space in the form of gamma radiation. Relativistic particles strike the upper atmosphere and create a host of short lived shower of particles that rain down, such as muons. The more energetic gamma radiation is, the faster the impact debris is that rains down. The longest lasting radiation, typically in the form of muons, travelling almost at the velocity of light can live eighty times longer than the normally do and can reach the surface of the Earth and be detected. Normally, they are detected only in the upper atmosphere. When the sun is quiet, high energy gamma rays are more prevalent from deep space. So observing them is more fruitful during sun spot minimum when the sun is quiet. These muons tell us something about the nature of time and how it can have great illusory effects. They also tell us something about time travel, which is not as popularly detailed to us by the media and science fiction tales. All time distortions occur in the here and now. Mercury does not disappear (except when occulted by the sun) even though it ages more slowly due to its proximity to the sun. Probes in the future will vindicate that the radioactive decay in the rocks show an apparently younger age on Mercury than the rocks on Earth. This will certainly create a dither of new ideas when it is "discovered". Nor do time dilated muons disappear from view except when they decay or are detected and changed by observation. Changing something by observing it is typical of the quantum realm.


Frame of reference in general relativity tells us that these seeming contradictions and counter intuitive circumstances do indeed exist. This is where ideas such as the twin paradox comes from. Time as we perceive it is a local manifestation and does not exist as we think. Time is change and it is discrete as the cosmos is built on quantum events which are also discrete.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • syzygyastro profile imageAUTHOR

      William J. Prest 

      8 years ago from Vancouver, Canada

      Stay tuned for more interesting stuff to come.

    • bonnebartron profile image

      bonnebartron 

      8 years ago from never one place for too long

      One of my favorite subjects! Thanks for this! Truly interesting!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)