ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Raids, Pillage and Exaggeration

Updated on July 19, 2011

The Vikings

Our History

The history books have probably not been too kind to the Vikings.

Through history they have been known as Norsemen, Vikings or Danes but to their neighbors, the Finnish, they were known as the Rus.

Although the history books are full of stories of how they would rape, pillage and destroy. It must be remembered that, at that time, the only Europeans that could write, were the Priests. The Vikings, being Pagans, thought that the Christian Monasteries and Churches were easy pickings. Gold and other treasures were stored in them and the only security was that of the Monks. No wonder the Monks painted such a black picture.

The accounts are probably true, in so far as the rape and pillaging was concerned but where history tells of the Vikings leaving towns in ruins, they may not be so accurate. Some Vikings would often stay behind to trade in the towns, once the raiding parties had left.

The Vikings own tales cannot be told, as at that time they were illiterate but there are other written accounts of that period, those of the Arabs.


Their History

The Vikings had, in fact been traders since the Roman times. Their raiding started about 790AD with raids on, first England then Ireland. Their raids then continued down France and into the Mediterranean. They also raided down northern seaways, reaching Kiev and the Black Sea.

In the 900s they pretty much stopped their raiding and turned to colonizing, moving their families to more fertile lands. Their expeditions to the west did continue, resulting in Erik the Red, in 982 discovering Greenland. It is claimed that his son, later discovered Newfoundland.

Their colonizing resulted in them being given an area in France in 911. This area was after known as Normandy. It was the Duke of Normandy who, in 1066 successfully invaded England.

To the east, at that time, the Byzantine Empire was the biggest on Earth with Byzantium {Istanbul} its Capital. In 907, on hearing of the approaching Vikings from Kiev, the Byzantines sued for peace.

Soon after this, the Slavs, whose country was rich but in disorder, invited a Viking hero Rurik and his brothers to rule over them and bring order. Rurik accepted and he, his brothers and his descendents ruled and expanded this land.

Kiev became the capital of this land called Rus, later being referred to by its English name Russia.

Perhaps then, our history books should not exaggerate the Vikings willful destruction but should concern themselves more with their ability to colonize.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      A million thanks for posting this inntfmaoior.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I always suspected the Vikings were getting bad publicity. I'm glad you finally exposed it, rafken. I've waited a long time for this day to arrive! (Just kidding.) Great HUB! As you can guess by some of my HUBs, I love history re-collected and possibly corrected. (Smile!)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)