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Spanish Lesson Forty-Nine: Describing Weather

Updated on May 28, 2013

Hey Readers!

Welcome back! I'm so excited about being back and sharing my Spanish lessons with everyone. Have you missed me? Well... if you didn't that's okay. I hope I'm refreshed enough to start back strong. i realize I've been tired a lot and making a lot of mistakes so I want to apologize for that. Now that I'm super refreshed it's time to learn some Spanish!! So back on May 5th we discussed Describing People. I hope that lesson was useful for you. I really wanted to help those learning to understand how saying certain things require specific execution. This week let's work on Describing The Weather. I originally wanted to have this in another lesson, but it was just too much. So here's your opportunity to learn how to describe the weather. It's a great time of year to learn this.

Also, on May 31, 2013 I'd like to invite you all to my One Year Anniversary here at HubPages. It'll list my most successful and memorable hubs. I'll post that on the 31st.

Today's Goals: To learn how to describe weather conditions. To be able to utilize information in daily conversation.

Today's Vocabulary

Today's vocabulary is the normal hodgepodge of nouns, verbs and adjectives. I hope you all are enjoying these lists. I'm hoping to shake things up and bring vocabulary to you in a different format. I'll keep you posted on that, though. So welcome back, check out the vocab, and continue reading.

Today's Tip: Watch your favorite movie in Spanish just for fun. You never know how it might help you learn proper pronunciation.

Verbs

To Need: Necesitar

To Deny: Negar

To Snow: Nevar

To Obey: Obedecer

To Observe/To Notice: Observar

To Obtain/To Get: Obtener

To Occupy: Ocupar

To Occur/To Happen: Ocurrir

To Offer: Ofrecer

To Hear: Oír

Nouns

Office: La Oficina

Computer Desk: El Escitorio

Computer Chair: El Sillón

Laptop: El Laptop

Printer: La Improsora

Fax Machine: El Telefax

Bulletin Board: El Tablero de Anuncios


Adjectives

Ugly: Feo(a)

Pretty: Bonito(a)

Nice: Simpático(a)

Mean: Antipático(a)

Predictable: Previsible

Warm-Up

Today's quiz is a three question format from Lesson Twenty-One. I'm hoping you have retained some of the information. If you haven't then that's okay. You can always go back and review that lesson. Also buddy up with someone and practice your pronunciation. I'd check online for some videos since that is one resource lacking here. It always helps to have a foreign speaker as a friend.

English Word
Spanish Equiv
Weather
El Tiempo
Cloudy
Nublado*
Windy
Viento*
Hot
Calor*
Cold
Frío*
Nice
Buen Tiempo*
Bad
Mal Tiempo*
Snowing
Nieva
Raining
Llueve/Lloviendo*
Sunny
Sol*
Brisk
Fresco*
Foggy
Niebla*
Humid
Humedo*
Dark
Oscuro

Describing Weather

Hey everyone! Now that's it's summer, I thought it'd be a great opportunity to learn about discussing the weather in Spanish. I tried to discuss this before, however, it wouldn't fight within a listen as it is actually quite a bit of material. Discussing the weather can be a bit of a pickle as several phrases don't act like phrases we would normally say. Anyway, check out this lesson and let me know what you think. The first thing I'd like you to know is asking how is the weather.


¿Qué tiempo hace? What does the weather make? This is the literal translation of the question. Now answering can be a bit complex as not every answer includes "hace" or any other form of the verb. Remember that "hacer" means "to do" or "to make". So the weather has to "make" something. So here are the words associated with Hacer.


Hace Sol. It makes sun (it's sunny out).

Hace Viento. It makes wind (it's windy out).

Hace Calor. It makes hot (it's hot out).

Hace Frío. It makes cold (it's cold out).

Hace Buen Tiempo. It makes nice weather (it's nice out).

Hace Mal Tiempo. It makes bad weather (it's bad out).

Hace Fresco. It makes fresh/brisk (it's brisk out).


Those definitions are more exact, but think of it as the weather makes a certain effect. There are more expressions using hacer. Remember the verb is conjugated in third person so hacer is always conjugated that way. If you want to talk about weather in the past, simply conjugate hacer in the Preterit or Imperfect tense in the third person. There are, however other expressions that don't fit in this category.


Está Nublado. It's cloudy.

Está Oscuro. It's dark.

Nieva. It snows.

Llueve. It rains.

Hay Niebla. There is fog (it's foggy out).

Hay Humedo. There is humidity (it's humid out).


Yep. There's more and all of the expressions are used differently. Now the first two are simple. They mean exactly what they say. They are formed with the verb Estar + Adjective. There are more phrases formed this way, of course. Llueve and Nieva are conjugated forms of the verbs Llover (To Rain) and Nevar (To Snow). You can also conjugate those verbs using Estar and their Gerunds to form the Present Progressive.


What about Hay? Well don't pronounce it like "hey", but pronounce it like "I". Hay is a verb meaning There is or There are. So when you say Hay Niebla, you are saying There is fog. This verb is quite mysterious, but is used in many expressions.


Final Note: There are also other ways to ask how the weather is. You can also use:


¿Qué clima hace?

¿Cómo está el tiempo?


For a list of other expressions and other ways to ask about the weather, check out the links provided at the end of this lesson. Thanks for sharing!


Source

Homework

I'm continuously grateful for all the support over this past year. I am known for these Spanish lessons and they get a good bit of viewership. Well some more than others, but it happens I guess. Anyway, your homework for today is to conjugate the following verbs in the Present Indicative, Preterit, and Imperfect tenses. This is just practice and helps you get acclimated to conjugating verbs in the most important tenses of Spanish. There are also other ways to conjugate like the Subjunctive, Future, and Conditional tenses. I have lessons for all of those tenses if you're interested. You can always find charts on each verb if you need help.


Lesson Five,Lesson Twenty,Lesson Twenty-Five, and Lesson Thirty-Five can be used to help you conjugate these verbs so check them out when you can.


Agitar (To Agitate, To Wave, To Shake Up, To Stir)

Agotar (To Exhaust, To Use Up)

Agradar (To Please, To Be Pleasing)


Thanks so much for reading today! Next Monday is Lesson Fifty!! Together we'll review all of the most important concepts learned thus far. Master Review Part One!

Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Advertir
Advierto
Adviertes
Advierte
Advertimos
Adivierten
Afeitarse
Me Afeito
Te Afeitas
Se Afeita
Nos Afeitamos
Se Afeitan
Agarrar
Agarro
Agarras
Agarra
Agarramos
Agarran
Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Advertir
Advertí
Advertiste
Advertió
Advertimos
Advertieron
Afeitarse
Me Afeité
Te Afeitaste
Se Afeitó
Nos Afeitamos
Se Afeitaron
Agarrar
Agarré
Agarraste
Agarró
Agarramos
Agarraron
Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Advertir
Advertía
Advertías
Advertía
Advertíamos
Advertían
Afeitarse
Me Afeitaba
Te Afeitabas
Se Afeitaba
Nos Afeitábamos
Se Afeitaban
Agarrar
Agarraba
Agarrabas
Agarraba
Agarrábamos
Agarraban

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