This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
jump to last post 1-3 of 3 discussions (5 posts)

Who was the greatest cultural leader in history? Why do you think so?

  1. BakerRambles profile image85
    BakerRamblesposted 5 years ago

    Who was the greatest cultural leader in history?  Why do you think so?

  2. alancaster149 profile image85
    alancaster149posted 5 years ago

    After the Great Fire of London in 1666 there were swathes of land in the City of London west of Pudding Lane (where it started and got blown out of control by an easterly wind).
    The Lord Mayor (a Yorkshireman by the name of Sir William Turner, from Kirkleatham Hall) and the aldermen (City dignitaries) were in a dilemma. There were all these survivors and no churches for them to go to to thank their maker for surviving both the Plague AND the fire. They were forced to live in tents around the Inns of Court at the City's edge. And, (the big AND) the City had lost its cathedral, Saint Paul's.
    Enter a reasonably well-known architect by the name of Christopher Wren (he wasn't knighted then yet).
    Look for all these City churches on Wikipedia as far west as St Clement Danes on the Strand and Bride's (short for Bridget) behind Bridge Street and Fleet Street. They look like wedding cakes, really, but the Lord Mayor and his aldermen were happy. Plans were also submitted by Wren for the re-drawing of the City's streets, but they were rejected on the grounds that they had little to do with  property boundaries. The big test was designing St Paul's. His original was in the shape of a Greek cross, each side of equal length, but that wasn't on. There had to be a compromise between that an the Gothic idea of the 'long (Roman) cross'. The design was given a 'tweak' or two as it went to and fro from the planning committee back to Christopher and back again...
    Still, what you have is the 'perfect English classical church' at the top of Ludgate Hill, backing on to Watling Street and Cheapside in the east. Asked why there wasn't a memorial to Wren, a tourist was pointed by one of the canons to the plaque on Wren's tomb that tells:
    'Reader, if you seek his monument, look around you'.

  3. hmclio profile image82
    hmclioposted 5 years ago

    Personally I will advocate for King Alfred the Great of England as deserving of such a title. It was during his reign, and mostly because of his influence that language and literature took such a leap in the 10th century. Latin had been falling into such disuse and many people were not speaking Latin unless they had been educated in and for the church; even then it was slowly disintegrating. Anglo-Saxon had been becoming the language of the people.

    King Alfred may have likely been responsible for translating many Latin works into Anglo-Saxon himself, but even if he was not the one to do such work, he was the one who commissioned it. It is also during his time that the epics Beowulf and Dream of the Rood, among a plethora of other Anglo-Saxon poetry, were believed to have been written down, even if they were composed prior to Alfred's reign.

    Charlemagne, in Gaul, also pushed a similar movement of learning. I think there is something to be said when such kings placed so much importance on learning and knowledge.

    1. alancaster149 profile image85
      alancaster149posted 5 years agoin reply to this

      There was no 'Anglo-Saxon' in Aelfred's Wessex. Writing was in an idealised form of the Saxon tongue, speech in the vernacular. The Angles had their own tongue, overlaid with Danish in the east. 'English' came about much later, and then only written.

    2. hmclio profile image82
      hmclioposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      Regardless of the dialect, of which I realize there were multitudes, a common vernacular was slowly developing in this time period, and Alfred was still responsible for much of the translation of works from Latin.

 
working