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All About Rice : Variety, List, Health Benefits, Storage and Where to Buy It

Updated on January 31, 2015

All About Rice : Variety, Health Benefits, Storage and Where to Buy It

All About Rice : Variety, Health Benefits, Storage and Where to Buy It. Rice is a cereal grain which is the staple food of more than half of the worlds population. Growing up in Southeast Asia. it is part of my meal everyday and even up to now that I already migrated in the United States. It has been a joke among my friends and family members that they will sent me door to door package of rice, but they said that before I went here, rice is everywhere in the United States and 80 percent of rice are locally planted here in the US -- in California, Arkansas and Louisiana mostly. Rice has thousand of varieties -- country specific. It is important to know what kinds of rice you prefer.

Rice can be classify according to color -- white versus brown rice. aroma/flavor, its stickiness or the size of the grain, medium, long or short grained and cooking characteristics.

Rice

image courtesy of wikipedia
image courtesy of wikipedia

The Rice -- Kinds of Rice

Rice is the grain seed of the plant Oryza sativa, considered cereal grain -- it is an important staple food which is rich basically in nutrients -- Carbohydrates and other essential nutrients and minerals. It is the grain with the second highest production in the world.

Kind of rice :

  • By color -- white or brown-- the brown colored rice grain is more nutritious and the husk - (outer is not removed unlike the white rice). According to the US De[artment of Agriculture, (1) cup of brown rice gives two-thirds of the minimum RDA. Brown rice provides more minerals than the white rice. The FDA recommends that white rice should be enriched as it lacks the other nutrients present in brown rice.
  • By size -- medium grained, short grained and long grained
  • By aroma or flavor-- Jasmine rice smells good. Not all rice have aroma. The flavor is at times like the smell of popcorn or roasted nuts
  • Waxy or sweet rice-- short grain rice which is often sued commercially, plus it is firm and is used in gravy as well.
  • Parboiled rice and precooked rice -- steaming the rice before it is milled is parboiled rice and precooked rice are rice (brown or white which is cooked already before milling it

Health Benefits of Rice

  • Great Energy Source as it is rich in Carbohydrates -- it gives the added energy for a person to fulfill our everyday energy needs
  • it is good for your heart in general as it is less fat which contributes to the overall cholesterol
  • It is good for your stomach as it is a good fiber
  • Can prevent cancer as it has antioxidants
  • It has the essential nutrients and minerals specially the brown rice
  • It regulates sugar in the blood thus good to prevent diabetes (type II)
  • A recent study said that it reduce Alzheimer's although this is not proven yet

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Important :

Always eat in moderation, too much rice is bad for your health, supplement rice with other necessary nutrients which we can get from natural foods. Natural foods are always healthy.

Number of Rice Varieties by Country (not exhaustive)

Rice variety / Country 
Number of Varieties 
 
Africa 
two
 
Australia 
nine  
 
Bangladeshi 
twelve 
 
Bhutan
one
 
Cambodia
five
 
Chinese
one
 
Dominican Republic
thirteen
 
Iranian
seven
 
Italian
thirteen
 
Japanese
fourteen
 
Nepalese
three
 
Lao
two
 
Pakistani
16 Basmati rice varieties
 
Indian
twenty plus
 
Philippines
ten
 
Sr Lanka
two
 
Spanish
four
 
Thai rice
six
 
US Cali and Louisiana plus Ar
less than ten
 
Vietnamese
seven
 
Source : Encyclopedia and wikipedia
 
 

How to Store Rice

  • You can buy rice dispenser and this is available in any big supermarkets
  • Store the rice in dark, cool locations and safekeep it from rats
  • Sealed it properly (Keep the container tightly closed)
  • It depends on how many will eat rice, you should buy rice according to the needs, if the store where you buy rice is near then just store the needed amount-- say months

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Where to Buy or Procure rice

  • Rice is available anywhere in the world, first you should be sure what type of rice you like, aroma, flavor, how to cook it -- choose between brown or white rice -- brown is advisable and for how long you will use it then you are ready to buy.
  • In the US, it is available at stores like WalMart, Sams Club and Asian store. Asian stores are available in every city and different locations in the US, same as in UK, Australia and Canada, you can buy it at big supermarkets, usually by kilos in a rice sack.
  • You can also buy rice at amazon.com and you can choose from Basmati or Jasmine and lots more

 

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    • Astra Nomik profile image

      Cathy Nerujen 7 years ago from Edge of Reality and Known Space

      Rice - I eat it by the bucket load. Okay, I exaggerate, but I am part-Asian, and rice is good with everything. Basmati rice is hard to beat. Brown rice is probably the healthiest. I am getting hungry about now. Ha! Great Rice hub. :)

    • Amber Allen profile image

      Amber Allen 7 years ago

      Hi Maita

      A very intereting hub. I use easy cook long grain rice because I find it easy to cook!

      Amber:)

    • 2besure profile image

      Pamela Lipscomb 7 years ago from Charlotte, North Carolina

      My favorite is jasmine!

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 7 years ago from south Florida

      Hi, Maita. I had no idea there were so many varieties of rice available. My knowledge extends to white and brown - that's it. Thanks for the education.

    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 7 years ago from I'm outta here

      Fantastic info on all about rice storage and buying. :)

    • Mr Nice profile image

      Mr Nice 7 years ago from North America

      Kumustaka Maita,

      Long time no chat. What is the outcome of 60 days challenge?

      I love several kinds of Rice varieties cooked in many traditional ways. Rice is staple food for majority of the people from around the world.

      Your hub is very informative regarding the several varieties from around the world. Well researched hub, thanks for sharing the info.

      Today my hubs hit 200,000 views, my first 100,000 was on Jan 16, 2010 & 4 1/2 months later another 100,000 not bad. You will be surprised that 75% of my traffic is kosher Google organic. I don't promote because I don't have time. I guess my playing with Google keywords is working.

      How is your traffic after 60 days challenge. Do you see any benefits of 60 days of hard work? I hope it will pay off for you.

      My Accolades are not updated with latest hubs view count but I believe may be tomorrow. Good night

    • anglnwu profile image

      anglnwu 7 years ago

      I'm partial towards Jasmine rice, even though brown rice is definitely better. In Asia, we have an expression for people who love rice, "rice barrel." I qualify as one, needless to say. Great details covering a broad spectrum of information.:)

    • barryrutherford profile image

      Barry Rutherford 7 years ago from Queensland Australia

      See just when you thought I would not visit here i am !

      well done again wit hthis hub !

    • blpelton profile image

      blpelton 7 years ago

      My fave rice !! awesome hub !! :)

      BL many hugss

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 7 years ago from London, UK

      I tried brown rice but I am sorry but no thank you. I prefer Basmitc Rice anytime. Also easy to cook.

    • Dave Mathews profile image

      Dave Mathews 7 years ago from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA

      Ate' Maita, I love fried rice with almost anything. Yum Yum!

      KUYA Dave.

    • Sandyspider profile image

      Sandy Mertens 7 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      When I can, I like wild rice and brown rice is good too. Thanks for the info.

    • theherbivorehippi profile image

      theherbivorehippi 7 years ago from Holly, MI

      I eat rice nearly everyday. I love finding new kinds to try. I just picked up some red whole grain Wehani rice the other day. So good and so colorful. lol I do not know what I would do without my rice cooker but I didn't know it had so many healthy benefits too. Great information!

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 7 years ago from United States

      Miata, This is a great hub on rice. I finally have my family all liking brown rice, but we like other types also. Great hub.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

      I always eat rice every day. When I talk about culture, this is a culture in my country. Most of people in my country can't life without rice. Because rice is the main dish everyday. Great hub, as usual I rate this Up. Thank you very much!

      Prasetio

    • Mike Lickteig profile image

      Mike Lickteig 7 years ago from Lawrence KS USA

      I've always eaten a lot of rice. When there is not much money around, rice is on the menu even more because it is filling. I will confess I don't know a lot about the differences in rice and the nuances in flavor and benefits. I may start to try new types of rice to see what differences can be found. Thanks for sharing your knowledge.

      Mike

    • Truth From Truth profile image

      Truth From Truth 7 years ago from Michigan

      Thanks for the great information Maita, I enjoy rice but I learned a lot from this hub. Have a great weekend.

    • Nellieanna profile image

      Nellieanna Hay 7 years ago from TEXAS

      Excellent!! I love rice. My favorite is Indian Basmati - with Texmati, a type of basmati grown right here, a runner-up. I don't like bleached, de-nutritioned white- especially that awful instant kind and don't prefer gooey rice. But otherwise - I never met a rice I didn't like.

      Your hub is very imformative, maita! Thank you!

    • rprcarz50 profile image

      rprcarz50 7 years ago

      Maita,

      Thank you for your easy to read and understand Hub.

      Very nice work ! It blows my mind there is so much information about rice .

      Thank you for your time !

      Ron

      As always also a2z50

    • Om Paramapoonya profile image

      Om Paramapoonya 7 years ago

      Wow, I didn't know there're so many varieties of rice. I usually just eat Thai jasmine rice or Indian basmati rice. Very interesting hub. Just voted it up :)

    • Dolores Monet profile image

      Dolores Monet 7 years ago from East Coast, United States

      Maita, you are making me want to go back to brown rice. But I love Basmati rice, the very smell of it cooking is a treat!

    • Money Glitch profile image

      Money Glitch 7 years ago from Texas

      Wonderful info on rice. Thanks for listing the varieties of rice for me. I was looking for that last night and could not find it. Great job, I'm rating up for you! :)

    • Micky Dee profile image

      Micky Dee 7 years ago

      I love rice. Basmati, brown rice, fried rice...Thank you Maita!

    • billyaustindillon profile image

      billyaustindillon 7 years ago

      Thanks for this update on rice - you pretty well covered everything here Maita.

    • burning bush profile image

      burning bush 7 years ago

      Thank you - a great learning and gastronomic experience.

    • habee profile image

      Holle Abee 7 years ago from Georgia

      We eat lots of rice her in the South! Yum!

    • Coolmon2009 profile image

      Coolmon2009 7 years ago from Texas, USA

      I like rice a lot. I learned a lot reading your article. Didn't know it is that many varieties.

    • lindaadams37 profile image

      lindaadams37 6 years ago

      Now, the best thing I like about such nutritional components is that these are one of the most delicious ways to keep yourself updated with all the health care that a body deserves.

    • kids-toy-box profile image

      kids-toy-box 6 years ago

      I know a lot more about rice since reading your hub.My favorites are brown rice, basmati rice and jasmine rice...love the smell of the last two.

    • charlesroring profile image

      charlesroring 6 years ago

      In most of developing countries in Asia, rice is planted manually. If you visit countries such as Indonesia, Vietnam or Thailand, Malaysia and the Philipines, you may see farmers plow their rice fields with cows or water buffaloes.

      When talking about meals. The rice menu that I like is yellow rice. It is glutinous rice that is cooked with coconut milk, and turmeric (to give the yellow color). Yellow rice is very delicious when eaten with fried chicken or fried fish. When you eat in an Indonesian restaurant, you can try yellow rice or "nasi kuning" in Indonesian language. You will see that it is more delicious than the famous fried rice which you might have eaten before.

    • surgimesh profile image

      surgimesh 6 years ago from Santa Monica

      You have covered almost all important things. In fact, I'm a big fan of rice, especially Indian Basmaty. Having at least once in a day.

    • mabmiles profile image

      mabmiles 5 years ago

      Informative and interesting hub. Thanks for posting.

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