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Phyllodes Tumor, a peculiar breast tumor

Updated on February 11, 2009

This peculiar tumor exhibits a spectrum of behavior, ranging from the benign to the malignant.

 

Phyllodes (meaning leave-like) tumors are rare breast tumors. They account for less than 1% of all breast tumors. The condition was first described by Johannes Muller in 1838. It affects women almost exclusively. It tends to occur in women aged between 40 and 50, but can occasionally be found in adolescence. This peculiar tumor exhibits a spectrum of behavior, ranging from the benign to the malignant. Doctors classify the disease as benign, borderline and malignant depending on how malignant its features are in the particular situation.

 

 

 

Clinically, it presents as a breast lump which grows rapidly. When it is large, it gives the overlying skin dilated veins, a bluish discoloration and pressure related skin changes. Imaging studies and even fine needle aspiration may not be adequate to establish the diagnosis, which is often made by excisional biopsy (removal of the lump).

 

 

 

Some doctors suggest removal of the tumor with a resection margin of 1cm to improve control of the disease. Simple mastectomy (removal of the whole breast) is indicated for very large tumors or for the tumors exhibiting malignant features. Axillary dissection (removal of lymph nodes in the arm-pit) is usually not required even in case of malignant phyllodes tumor, in contrast to breast cancer. Local recurrence rate is around 15%. Malignant histological (tissue appearance) type and large size of the tumor increase the chance of local recurrence.

Dr Benson Yeung's related hub: How To Treat A Breast Fibroadenoma

 

MRI image of Phyllodes Tumor

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    • profile image

      offisrelo 

      5 years ago

      I accustomed to get high on lifetime however of late I've truly built up the weight.

    • profile image

      Anadirunika 

      5 years ago

      Качество звука, не сравнимое с более ранними связными стандартами. Теперь голос человека звучит так, словно собеседник говорит от вас в 2-х шагах. Не пропадает сигнал. Слова слышны до конца и нет никаких помех во время сеанса связи.

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      8 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi mariea walter,

      Some phyllodes tumour can have a low-grade malignant potential. You can find out more from your daughter's doctor

    • profile image

      maria walter 

      8 years ago

      I have a 21 yr. old daughter who has just discovered a mass that is a Phyloddes tumor. A core biopsy was done and it was diagnosed as benign.Although we are thrilled,I still have concerns for her future and Breast Cancer,At this age could this be an adolesent type of Phyloddes?

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi carol-anne howard,

      best of luck with your surgery. the condition usually carries a good prognosis.

    • profile image

      carol-anne howard 

      9 years ago

      i have just been diagnosed with this condition and am about to undergo a double mastectomy i had never heard of this condition before and my doctors only had one leaflet on this condition i have found out more abouit it on the net

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi Jerilee,

      thanks for your follow on comments. I agree entirely. I agree with your comment entirely and look forward to seeing further development of better medical journalism.

    • Jerilee Wei profile image

      Jerilee Wei 

      9 years ago from United States

      Thanks for the link to the New York Times -- seems like a good place to keep up with health issues. I guess for me -- I knew we had lymph nodes, but didn't understand what their role was, especially with breast cancer. It was very frightening to be told that nuclear medicine couldn't find mine, the day before the surgery -- that they ran away was the medical joke.

      However, I'm eternally grateful that they were located on the operating table. Those harvested lymph nodes gave up their lives for me to prove no lymph node involvement -- meaning no chemo or radiation -- just Anastrozole for the next five years.

      I think we need more hubs explaining things in lay terms to make such life events less intimidating.

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi Jerilee Wei,

      thanks for commenting. There is abundant medical literature discussing the importance of treating the lymph nodes. However, very little of this has found its way into literature written for the lay public. That's where good journalists can fit in to turn technical information into a good read. Some writers at New York Times are actually doing a great job

      (see http://www.nytimes.com/pages/health/index.html )

      regards,

    • Jerilee Wei profile image

      Jerilee Wei 

      9 years ago from United States

      I think this is an important topic to bring to the attention of the public. Here in the U.S. when diagnosed with breast cancer they give you a ton of material on the various kinds -- but looked back and no mention was made of this form.

      Another topic I found lacking, having had a masectomy in November for invasive breast cancer was no one, or no literature, discussing the role of lymph nodes and what having them removed involved.

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi quicksand,

      thanks for dropping by and commenting.

    • quicksand profile image

      quicksand 

      9 years ago

      Beats me too, since I have absolutely nothing to say here, as this hub is exclusively for ladies.

      :)

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Hi BeatsMe,

      sounds like my hub did beat you. Thanks for commenting.

    • BeatsMe profile image

      BeatsMe 

      9 years ago

      Hi. I thought there is only one kind of breast cancer. Thanks for good info. :)

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Dear Dottie1,

      thanks for commenting.

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Dear einron,

      thanks for commenting.

    • Dottie1 profile image

      Dottie1 

      9 years ago from MA, USA

      Thank you Doctor Benson.

    • einron profile image

      einron 

      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

      Thanks for the hub.

    • Benson Yeung profile imageAUTHOR

      Benson Yeung 

      9 years ago from Hong Kong

      Dear Shalini Kagal,

      thanks for dropping by and commenting.

    • Shalini Kagal profile image

      Shalini Kagal 

      9 years ago from India

      Thanks Doc for the informative hub!

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