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Type ll Diabetes Risk Factors and Symptoms

Updated on February 9, 2014

Type ll Diabetes Has Become a Worldwide Problem

Throughout the medical arena, type ll diabetes is now widely recognised globally as one of the fastest growing life threatening conditions in the twenty first century. Unlike type 1 diabetes it is a condition that can mostly be prevented with a few changes to lifestyle. If diagnosed early enough it can even be controlled through diet, exercise and medication.

There are a number of symptoms that can provide timely warning signals for the onset of type ll diabetes yet some diabetics experience no symptoms at all.

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

The following risk factors can help you decide if you need to talk to a doctor to find out what the chances are of you developing diabetes.

· A close relative has diabetes, parent, sibling

· Being overweight

· Smoking

· Excessive alcohol consumption

· Age, risks increase over the age of 35

· Inactivity or leading a sedentary life

Check Out Your Diet

Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables
Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables | Source
Not so much of the fatty or sugary foods
Not so much of the fatty or sugary foods | Source

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms Vary From One Person to the Next

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be similar to Type 1 making the diagnosis almost impossible without a blood test for verification and symptoms can vary greatly from one person to the next. Most people with diabetes type 1 will be diagnosed at an early age and need insulin therapy. Whereas diabetes type 2 is more likely to be developed through lifestyle and genetics.

Excessive urination is often the end result of too much glucose in the blood. The body relies on the kidneys to filter glucose and maintain the waterworks but if the supply of insulin is insufficient the kidneys will try to draw extra water out of the blood. The result is a constant need to empty your bladder.

Constant thirst and dry mouth can eventuate as the body attempts to dilute the excessive amount of sugar present in the blood.

Increased Hunger is brought on by the lack of insulin required for energy. The body only thinks it needs more food. This is the most common symptom.

Other symptoms to look out for are unexplained weight loss or gain, feeling tired for no reason, irritability and blurred vision.

Take the Questionnaire for Type Two Diabetes Symptoms

view quiz statistics

Take a Look at Your Activity Levels

You dont need to run a marathon
You dont need to run a marathon | Source
You just need to move more - take a walk
You just need to move more - take a walk | Source

Follow Up With Your Doctor

If you answered yes to more than one of the questions above, the best thing is to make an appointment with your doctor to have your blood sugar level checked. This test will be done after an eight hour fasting period. While no-one enjoys being stuck with a needle, it is only a mild discomfort and well worth it for the benefits of early diagnosis of diabetes.

Making small changes to your lifestyle for improved health can go a long way in preventing the onset of diabetes. Even if you don’t have any of the symptoms becoming more aware of how your body works by checking your diet and increasing your activity can only work in your favour. Good health to all of us!

Take a Walk the Sillier the Better

© 2010 Karen Wilton


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    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Sometimes in type 2 diabetes there are no symptoms until you've had it for awhile. This can lead to more serious complications as the disease progresses. That's why it would be wise for anyone having some of the risk factors that you mentioned, to be tested.

    • Karanda profile imageAUTHOR

      Karen Wilton 

      7 years ago from Australia

      Thank you for the feedback GmaGoldie. It seems every one you talk to knows someone or has the family history of Type ll diabetes. It is cause for concern.

    • GmaGoldie profile image

      Kelly Kline Burnett 

      7 years ago from Madison, Wisconsin

      Oh, my family is prone to this terrible disease - excellent Hub with a tremendous amount of research. Especially love the poll - very well done!

    • Karanda profile imageAUTHOR

      Karen Wilton 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Thanks so much for the comment DjBryle and interesting that you talk about the difficulties of understanding the two types of diabetes are quite different. It was only because of knowing someone with Type 1 and having the family history of Type 2 that I discovered this at an early age.

    • Karanda profile imageAUTHOR

      Karen Wilton 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Eiddwen, I am so sorry to hear your partner has been diagnosed with Type ll diabetes. I'm not surprised there were no symptoms, sometimes the genetics get the better of us especially when it comes to diabetes.

      It's good to know Dai is walking and cycling when he can, these are the things that can make a difference. Keeping active is a very important part of controlling diabetes. Sometimes the changes are as simple as taking the stairs or walking to the shops rather than taking the car.

    • DjBryle profile image


      8 years ago from Somewhere in the LINES of your MIND, and HOPEFULLY at the RIPPLES of your HEART. =)

      Wow! Very well written and really gives the reader the right understanding about Type II Diabetes. This was so difficult for me to understand and differentiate from Type I Diabetes when I was in college. Thanks for sharing! =)

    • Eiddwen profile image


      8 years ago from Wales

      Hi Karanda,

      This is a topic of great interest to me because my partner Dai has type 2 diabetes. It was expected because his mum had it and then his only sibling.

      However it was diagnosed when he went to have a medical for another reason as he did not have any symptons at all.

      His job as a Taxi Driver does not keep him as active as he should be however we do try to go out walking as much as we can and he does go cycling.

      Thanks for writing and sharing this informative hub Karanda.

      Take care.

    • Karanda profile imageAUTHOR

      Karen Wilton 

      8 years ago from Australia

      It's true that our lives have been made easier but sadly this does not mean healthier. Yet education is available to such a high percentage of children compared with days gone by and with technology you would think the message would be reaching more people.

      Great to see you on one of my hubs schoolgirlforreal and thanks for the comment.

    • schoolgirlforreal profile image


      8 years ago

      It's so sad how sedentery many of our lives have become and how preventable many diseases are.

      I tend to think being born years ago before all this technology would be good for everyone but I may be wrong. Things seem so hopeless lately (sorry to get off track) with poor education, etc.

      Good hub

    • Karanda profile imageAUTHOR

      Karen Wilton 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Type ll diabetes has been a part of our family discussions for as long as I can remember. My grandmother being the first to be diagnosed, then my father and more recently a sister. The blood test is an annual event for me as well as watching my weight and trying not to spend too much time sitting at the computer.

      My father is a great believer in 'laughter is the best medicine' hence my attempt at humour with the silly walk video. No matter how many times I see it, I still laugh.

      Thanks for reading Vern and taking the time to comment. It is much appreciated.

    • vrbmft profile image

      Vernon Bradley 

      8 years ago from Yucaipa, California

      Thanks for an informative hub on an important issue. Your hub is interestingly direct, and affords a simple self assessment, and just enough "fear" to motivate one to do something about it! Well done!

      Many medical groups offer really helpful classes on diet and exercise to support managing Type II diabetes. They even show folks who are so overweight that exercise might seem out of the question, how to do a whole series of exercises while sitting in a chair. AND THANKS SO MUCH FOR POSTING THE VIDEO ON SILLY WALKS. One of my all time favorites. Instant laughter and that is good for us as well!!

      Your information is helpful, especially explaining why someone might be hungry all the time or having to pee all the time.

      I enjoy your hubs



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