ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Understanding Fear and Phobias

Updated on May 24, 2012

Phobias

We all live with fear, although many people can control their fear or maybe even overcome it, some people suffer severe phobias. I know I have a phobia of snakes, seeing them causes one of two reactions, flight or freeze. Either way seeing a snake, and it doesn’t matter how big or what type, sends my heart into overdrive, I begin to tremble, and look for an avenue of escape. My son on the other hand just picks it up and carries it away.

As David Myers points out in Psychology in Everyday life Phobias are just one of the five key types of anxiety disorders. They include Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. (Myers, 2009)

According to the Mental Health America’s (MHA) website there are three main groups of phobias. (MHA, 2012)

· Specific phobias

· Social phobias

· Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia causes people to suffer anxiety or severe reactions about being in places or situations from which it might be difficult and / or embarrassing to escape or leave. I knew a young woman who would climb stairs regardless of height of building to avoid an elevator. When she was in a situation in which she had to ride in the elevator she would shake and have difficulty breathing and exit as soon as possible when it arrived at the destination. Others may fear being in a room full of people. Other specific phobias may develop into Agoraphobia when the person suffering from the phobia will begin to make adjustments in their lifestyle to avoid the possibility of encountering their fear trigger. In extreme cases, a person with agoraphobia may be afraid to leave the safety of their house.

Specific Phobias produce intense fear of a particular object or situation that may or may not be relatively safe. People who suffer from specific phobias are aware that their fear is irrational, but the thought of facing the object or situation often brings on a panic attack or severe anxiety like the example I gave earlier of my own reaction to snakes. Some of the more common specific phobiasinclude persistent fear of dogs, insects, or snakes; driving a car; heights; tunnels or bridges; thunderstorms; and/or flying.

Social Phobia is the fear of being embarrassed in front of other people. This type of phobia is sometimes believed tied to feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem, and can lead to severe anti-social tendencies and can lead to self-imposed isolation.

The root cause of phobias has not been identified though they seem to run in families and are slightly more common in women. Phobias like other types of anxiety disorders usually begin in adolescence or early adulthood

When a child has specific phobias or fears those fears usually disappear by the teenaged years, though in some cases the phobia may continue into adulthood.

Treatment for Phobias.

Phobias are taken very seriously by the medical industry and if you or someone you know is suffering from phobias you should schedule an appointment with your local doctor who will rule out other medical problems that may be causing your reaction to the phobia trigger. Once any other causes are ruled out the health care provider will direct you to a Mental Health Specialist, who can assist you in gaining control over the phobia. Behavioral therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy are very effective in treating these disorders.

Works Cited

MHA. (2012). Phobias. Retrieved from Mental Health America: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/go/phobias

Myers, D. G. (2009). Psychology in Everyday Life. New York: Worth.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)