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List Schedule of Immunization Shots for Children

Updated on September 13, 2012

Vaccines for Kids

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Vaccines protect children from some of the most deadly diseases in the world. At birth, infants have a limited amount of immunity and are vulnerable to almost all diseases that adults have built up immunity against. In countries that do not vaccinate their children, the infant mortality rate is higher. However, according The World Health Organization (Who), 7 out of 10 deaths of children in developing countries are related to pneumonia, diarrhea, measles, malaria and malnutrition. However, malnutrition impairs the immune system, regardless of vaccinations, and hinders the ability of the body to fight off disease.

How do Vaccines Work?

when a vaccine is injected or taken orally, the immune system immediately starts the process of attacking the disease with antibodies. Every virus has a different shape or arrangement of receptor sites , and your immune system forms distinct antibodies to adhere to the receptor sites of each individual virus to disable them from connecting within your body's cells. When the live virus finally invades your body, the antibodies remember the virus' configuration and t are prepared to stop the virus from infecting you.

Avian Flu Virus with Receptor Sites

Source

Vaccine Schedule for Infants and Children

Age of Infant or Child
Vaccine
Disease Protection
Birth
Hep B
Hepatitis B
1-2 Months
Hep B
Hepatitis B
2 Months
RV
Rotovirus
2 Months
DTaP
Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
2 Months
Hib
Haemophilus Infuenza B
2 Months
PCV
Pneumococcus
2 Months
IPV
Polio
4 Months
DTaP
Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
4 Months
Hib
Haemophilus Infuenza B
4 Months
PCV
Pneumococcus
4 Months
RV
Rotovirus
4 Months
IPV
Polio
6 Months
RV
Rotovirus
6 Months
DTaP
Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
6 Months
Hib
Haemophilus Infuenza B
6 Months
PCV
Pneumococcus
6-18 Months
Hep B
Hepatitis B
6-18 Months
IPV
Polio
12-15 Months
Hib
Haemophilus Infuenza B
12-15 Months
PCV
Pneumococcus
12-18 Months
MMR
Measles, Mumps and Rubella
12-15 Months
Varciella
Chickenpox
12-23 Months
Hep A
Hepatitis A
*6 Months- 6 Years
Infuenza Yearly
The Flu
15-18 Months
DTaP
Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
4-6 Years
DTaP
Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
4-6 Years
IPV
Polio
4-6 Years
MMR
Measles, Mumps and Rubella
4-6 Years
Varciella
Chickenpox
Print Out this Schedule for Future Reference

Protect Your Children

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The Diseases that Vaccines Protect Your Child Against

Hep B

Hepatitis B is an inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by a virus, toxin, or overindulgence of alcohol. The vaccination builds immunity for your child and helps protect them against developing the disease. The virus is estimated as affecting 350 million individuals and causes 620,000 deaths annually. According to the CDC, approximately 50,000 cases of Hepatitis B developed in 2008.

RV

Rotovirus is a common viral infection that is spread through the nose or mouth. It can be a serious infection in babies and young children, resulting in dehydration, high fever, diarrhea and vomiting. Many children are hospitalized with complications from a rotovirus every year.

Hib

Haemophilius influenza type B is the cause of meningitis and inflammation of the brain membranes and spinal cord. Pneumonia, mental retardation, and a life threatening infection that may block the windpipe may be the result of a haemophilius infection. The vaccine protects infants and children from contracting the disease.

PCV

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by theStreptococcus bacterium, also known as pneumococcus. An infection can result in pneumonia, infection of the blood sepsis, middle-ear infection or bacterial meningitis.

MMR

This vaccine protects your baby from Measles, Mumps and Rubella. Measles can cause pneumonia, serious middle or inner ear infections, seizures and death. Mumps may cause meningitis and brain swelling. Rubella is known to cause serious birth defects in pregnant women and result in complications of an unborn baby: such as miscarriage, stillbirth or premature labor. Children may experience rash, pneumonia and a painful form of arthritis.

DTaP

Diptheria causes swelling of the cardiac muscle, induces heart failure, and may result in coma, paralysis and death. Tetanus is contacted by cuts in the skin, usually the feet. Tetanus may create violent muscle spasms that cause broken bones. Patients with tetanus may experience breathing difficulty and death. Pertusis is usually known as “whooping Cough,” and may cause the cessation of breathing and pneumonia.

IPV

The Polio virus may cause paralysis and possibly death. Infected persons may not have symptoms until they are unable to move a limb or sit up. Due to vaccinations, the polio virus is all but eradicated in the U.S.

Hep A

The major effect of hepatitis A is liver failure. Hep A is usually contracted through contaminated food or water or personal contact. The characteristic jaundice (yellow skin and eyes) is a usual sign of Hep A.

Vaccinations Protect Everyone

With the use of vaccinations, we can eradicate some of the most deadly diseases on the planet. If you are immune to chickenpox or polio, you cannot infect a pregnant women or elderly person with the deadly virus. It is important to keep our communities safe from the potential complications of deadly viruses and bacteria. Also, remember to get your flu shot this year.

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    • kat_thurston profile image

      kat_thurston 4 years ago

      Having 5 children sometimes it's a challange but I always see to it that they are update. I keep all of their shoot records and each year I double and tripple check with the doctor and his records to make sure everyone is compelete. Growing up in a neglectful home I later found out that I was not updated on my shots when I was little and had to get a lot of them over the course of several for a year in order to be caught up I do not want my children to go through that so I do everything possible to ensure they are update. Thank you for sharing this information.

    • eHealer profile image
      Author

      Deborah 4 years ago from Las Vegas

      5 children? I don't know how you do it, god bless you! Thanks Kat, I always welcome your comments. I am so sorry you grew up in a neglectful home. I did also. We do the best we can now though. Thanks again.

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 4 years ago from San Francisco

      Okay, I came back today to be more serious. Good article. Thank you.

    • eHealer profile image
      Author

      Deborah 4 years ago from Las Vegas

      Thanks MHatter, you are too funny!

    • amuno profile image

      Alfred Amuno 4 years ago from Kampala

      Very important list. Will bookmark the page to monitor my little one. Thanks for this Deborah.

    • eHealer profile image
      Author

      Deborah 4 years ago from Las Vegas

      Hello Amuno, I am so glad you found it helpful. You can even print it out. Always great to see you, and thanks for the support!

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Vaccination shots are most important in children starting from birth to 5-6 years of age. You did very well to highlight that immunity development is directly proportional to the nutritional status of the child.

      It is imperative that the child has optimal levels of vitamins and minerals in his body.

      The vaccination schedule given is very useful and handy.

      Voting this up, useful and interesting. Sharing this.

      Have a great day, Deborah.

    • eHealer profile image
      Author

      Deborah 4 years ago from Las Vegas

      Thank you Rajan, your hubs are amazing, you have an insightful mind and your valued responsible and well researched information shows your dedication to your expertise. Thank you Rajan, I share your articles often and they are appreciated.

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