ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ovarian Cancer Stage four Prognosis

Updated on January 3, 2013
Ovarian Cancer Stage four Prognosis
Ovarian Cancer Stage four Prognosis | Source

Ovarian Cancer stage four Prognosis

Stage four Ovarian Cancer prognosis

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that affects women. Stage four ovarian cancer is the final stage of the cancer. Tumors develop in one or in both the ovaries. These ovaries are small organs that produce eggs and also produce estrogen and progesterone which are useful hormones. The symptoms for this disease occur in the stage 4 ovarian cancer. This is because at the earlier stages the symptoms are not noticeable and might just pass for other discomforts in the abdomen. This is a big challenge as an early diagnosis leads to almost 100% chance of survival. Stage four ovarian cancer makes a grim prognosis because most likely the cancer has metastasizes to other nearby tissues and organs. This is never the less manageable and quite a number of success stories have been documented. Ovarian cancer usually affects women who are past 45 years old. The major symptoms include menstrual cycle irregularity, pelvic pains, frequent urine, nausea abdominal pains and swelling among many others.

Treatment for stage 4 Ovarian Cancer

Treatment for stage 4 ovarian cancer is a combination of therapies. Surgery is usually the first where the ovaries and uterus are removed. Chemotherapy treatment will then follow to kill the cancerous cells and prevent them from spreading further. This does not mean that the cancer cells will be eradicated completely but it will help in keeping the disease in control. The recurrence of the cancer is also monitored. Another procedure known as cytoreductive surgery can also be performed to extend the survival of the patient.

Ovarian cancer is sometimes referred to as the silent killer because the symptoms are not diagnosed early enough. Very few case are detected early. This makes many patients reach stage four ovarian cancer which is the last stage. But there are several warning signs that the body may show to make it possible for the patient and her doctor detect the cancer early enough. But this is tricky because most of these signs pass for gastrointestinal disorders and may easily be confused. This notwithstanding a slight suspicion should make the doctor order a pelvic examination and a CA-125 blood test and trans –vaginal ultrasound. These signs are gastrointestinal disturbances. This can include constipation, indigestion and nausea. Another early warning sign is abdominal swelling. Vaginal discharge that is not normal in terms of flow, color and smell should also make one go for the test. If a woman has had breast cancer or her family has a history of breast cancer then when these symptoms occur, they should rush to her doctor for the ovarian cancer test.

Stage 4 ovarian cancer is the most dangerous of all the stages of ovarian cancer. It is the most advanced and often leaves patients depressed. But as the case with most cancers a positive attitude is needed to keep the patients alive. These patients should also find some support groups and will be surprised to learn that there are so many stage four ovarian cancer patients out there. This will enable them share experiences and offer each other emotional and psychological support. This has enabled many stage 4 ovarian cancer patients survive and lead a good quality life.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)