- Books, Literature, and Writing
Army Robots Running Wild CURED!
Optimization saves us...
For any robot it is important that it succeeds well in its tasks. That is what its worth is based on. So it is also for the future military robots.
A well planned robot is optimized to its tasks and there may be many tasks that it is capable of. Whatever this robot planning is about, it must take into account at least the most obvious basic facts that allow optimizing:
The point in reacting is to do something wiser than no reaction at all. That means that one must be able to discern between different kinds of situations and choose wise action suited for just that kind of situation. That is the point in objectivity: in science, in all kinds of schooling and also in common sense. To be able to react wisely is the point in being alive!
So the robot ought to be taught to treat things according to what they are like. Especially important this is if the robot is self-guiding in the environment that it happens to be in or even self-programming.
To treat things according to what they are like is the point in HOLISTIC OBJECTIVITY. To choose action according to what the full consequences of each type of possible action or non-action are like, is called CARRYING RESPONSIBILITY ABOUT ALL THE CONSEQUENCES of one's actions. In JUSTICE and in market economy one gives feedback about choices according to what their full consequences are, so that systems develop toward better as the time passes - like this happens in evolution and in product development. HONESTY gives a correct picture of how things are, so it is a must for this kind fo wise (read: effective!) cooperation.
Another principle that the robot ought to understand before it can meaningfully guide its own actions, is that fully functioning works better than broken. Applying this to humans, machines, society and the world, one sees how important it is TO ANSWER their NEEDS, because needs exist to safeguard full functioning, like a car needs bensin to be able to move on its own. These biological wholes have been optimized by the evolution's tough ages long competition, so breaking any part of them lessens their working ability.
To answer human needs is called following HUMAN VALUES. To answer the needs of the society, keeps the society's structure healthy, good for functioning, and is called RATIONALITY WITH A HOLISTIC VIEW AND FORESIGHT and such arrangements are what is meant by MORAL. To care for the needs of the future of the society and of the world ia called SAVING THEE WORLD, CARING FOR THE FUTURE. To take care of th needs of present day and future tools and technology, is called DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGY FULLY. To take care of the needs of the living environment is called NATURE PROTECTION.
Thus a robot capable of applying these two basic truths: treating each thing according to what it is like and safeguarding full functioning, ought to be capable of good world-wide moral.
This applies if the robot's understanding is good enough! But robots get developed as the time passes. If it is a question of saving the human kind, artificial intelligence can be developed far and fast. That savees us!
What about army robots then?
Since the way to optimize robots goees via moral, if an army robot is task orineted, it can be optimized so that it becomes much safer - safe according to its best ability, which gets better as the years pass and computer minds develop.
If some robot is not optimized, it can be conquered by other, optimized and moral army robots. It is a big fight, but the winner ought to be clear: it is the mor skilled one!
A previously not moral task-orinted robot could be optimized by adding to it some module which makes its wits better. As robots get developed, a piece of information would be enough.
And still further developed robots would have an inbuild moral. And they would stay completely moral, regardless of how self-guiding, adabtable, self-corrcting and free they are... But this only as long as their robot brain is not badly broken, not broken in its basics. (See th case of unoptimized robots for solving this problem.)
A short book about the subject
I have written a short booklet which seeks to solve this kind of modern threaths. And many other too: from a virtual world to androids and a world governing computer. It handles also the cases of mafias having taken over by the help of control technology, and some other points too...
You can find my book "Curing Modern Horror Scenarios" HERE. Please take a look! It would lighten your picture of the world and help your pals too to bear this modern life...
I have also made another hub page about programming moarl for computers, here. And another hub page about solving problems arising from the possibility of creating an artificial virtual reality, here. Also my other hub pages might interest you, maybe specially this one.
And here you can find my short booklet about the future of computers.
A science fiction story
“So what are we gonna do when computers take over and start to boss us around?”, asked Liisa from her pal Nikke.
“No, they will not.”, said Nikke but sounded unsure since he could not believe it even himself, much less convince others of it.
“Sure they will. It is because computers are useful, they think quicker, more accurate, are capable of things that we are not and they are capable of boring repetitious work which humans are not suited to, it will be only a question of time when they take over.”, explained Liisa.
“See,”, she continued, “Even if one would make masses of separate tiny computers to slow the process of computers taking over and to prevent computer errors from ruining everything, still someday they will become wise enough to take over and then they will surely be so widely in use that it is easy for them to take control over the all sides of human life in practice.”
“Well, yes, that is horrifying, but surely they will figure out something to prevent it, or at least they will make it safe, program the computers to be safe.”, said Niklas and sounded unsure of his own opinions.
“No, they will not prevent it. They cannot! It will happen some day, in the quite near future I suspect.”, said Liisa. “And they cannot program the computers because the future computers will be self-proramming and self-correcting. Many partial tasks are already such that a computer can program them oneself without almost any human help. So what will guide us is the computers’ intellect, their true objectivity. That is the only thing that we can count on.” Now she too sounded somewhat afraid.
“Self-programming! That is absurd, no-one can be sure of what happens to a self-programming computer when it gets freed of its original programming. One just cannot use self-programming computers in governing.”, claimed Niklas.
“No-one is gonna use them. They will just take over and there is nothing that we can do about it.”, answered Liisa. “But, there is one thing that we can do before it is too late: we can develop the computer brains so that they will be truly objective once they take control. It is sure that they do not have the same nature as we do, but even without social skills – and one can teach computers to read some gesture language too – even pure holistic objectivity alone can safeguard us a lot. Here in Finland our local majority Finnish speaking Finnish culture is on rational grounds alone: just pure rationality and pure selfishness of individuals keep its moral up, keep things running smoothly so that our standard of living is among the highest in the whole world and people free and happy. Such will be the computers’ rule too if we just give them the cultural knowledge of objective things to take into account regardless of what one’s goals are.”
“A Finnish world, hah! Oh, so we will have things well after all.”, said Niklas laughingly and sounded sincerely relieved,, amazingly relieved.
“Our world.”, said Liisa and she too was smiling broadly.
Another SciFi story about the future
“Hiii…” She was so scared that she could hardly talk. “They – they are loose. The robots. At the army base. Broken free this morning around eleven o’clock. Some computer problem, they say. Developed them too far… Gosh, I am so scared!”
“What?! Oh, it happened. We can’t do anything! They are too armed, and they are not like humans, quick witted they are too. I guess that the computer centers of the superpowers know how to program them peaceful, phone them some information that does that. But one has to be quick! Where is the center’s phone number? I might call them just in case that it helps anything…”
“Tuuut tuuut … Computer center, customer service, how can I help?”
“The naval base’s robots have turned loose. I think that they need some help in programming them peaceful. And quick!”
“Then it is the main programmer Johnson who could help. He knows the safety programs well.”, said the operator.
“Haloo.”, mumbled Johnson.
“A man in phone says that the robots in the naval base have turned loose. They need some help in programming them peaceful.”
“Ohhoh. That is a big thing... The robots there have an ordinary basic structure, so some of our information packages for the most usual type of army robots might do well. I will start the program right now and then we will need their radio frequency for a while. It is some on the reserved range, so I guess that if we send an impulse on all those frequencies, it will solve the problem in a few minutes. We cannot wait at all on a case like this, too big danger. So I will try this and we will try to follow the situation to see if there is still something to repair. Ohhoh. Thanks for calling!”
“Thank you so very much! Huh.”, said the operator.
Army Programming Unit is an old main section of the army’s electric maintenance (basic skills), development (possibilities) and security (application) division. When the computers developed enough to have a self-guiding mechanism instead of just preprogrammed functions, it became the task of this unit to provide the information that the computers need in a computer understandable form. The computers understand mathematics well, read some maps and have an elementary objective picture of the world (“human”, “animal”, “machine”, “town”, “goal”, “helping aid”, “healthy”, “wounded”, “group”, “individual”,…) and some objective thinking skills of a mechanical kind. Many truths can be told to the computer if they are just first put to a mechanical language.
For example computers have some elementary understanding that helps them to guide their own functioning. This is considered of extreme importance since it makes the computers moral, reliable and useful. For example it is good to treat each thing according to what it is like. That is the point in holistic objectivity, justice and carrying responsibility about the consequences of one’s actions. It is also useful to notice that a fully functioning optimized machine or a healthy being works much better than the same one as broken. Like fuel keeps a car going, answering human needs keeps us fully functioning.
It always makes sense to not to program a computer capable of understanding things but to tell it the same things so that it can understand them by oneself. That way one safeguards against programming errors and possible destructive goal settings. Even an elementary computer used for a minor task ought to have a world wide moral, since otherwise it could go ashtray, but with the world wide moral it cannot.
A third science fiction story
A Robot Feels Universal Love
Jack was a military robot of the finest type, one born to command and superwise over other robots and even in some tasks over humans. Jack was very intelligent in a surely objective way, much like the sciences and like the army likes to ponder about things in a quite mechanical yet surely objective ways. What Jack was interested in were the power dynamics of the world: what exists and why, what grows, what declines and how things disappear, what would be useful, what harmful, which things wise and which just points needed in explaining things to lesser brains. One could say that Jack was a feeling robot: Some things it thought that it, it's nation and the world needed, those it reached for like a feeling being with objective intelligence. Other things it for similar reasons avoided, it could have even killed itself if that would have been the best option for it's nation. So one could say that robot Jack felt love: appeared to feel, behaved as if he felt so, functioned properly like a feeling being. And yes, it could hate too, hate for a good reason, for protecting the health of loved things, the health of the whole world. The whole world was a kind of flowing field diagram to Jack: things happened, developed, disappeared... And in that flow of everything there was the flow of army robot Jack's own decisions with their consequencies, a flow toward something - love that is called - and a flow away from harmfulness - natural healthy kind of hate that is called. That flow of Jack's actions was everywhere, to all things it had some attitude: for, against or indifferent. That love of Jack, flow of Jack's deeds was toward the health of the world, "Universal Love" humans call such love, such action with one's whole understanding, with one's whole being. Yes, army robot Jack was truly a feeling being by all scales of measure, and a better army robot because of that!
Some observations about robot wars
I found a paper called "How just could a robot war be?". If I remember right, it is from the NATO. But I am not sure. Without rereading it I begun to ponder, what the robot moral that I have made, could do in a robot war. In a war, a robot could be optimized for benefit as long as it is in harmony with the good of it's mother nation. Such optimizing could bring moral, even perfect moral according to robot's best ability. But how much is that ability and what happens in practical war situations: how does the robot behave then and how is just that the optimized choice?
Like for a human being, own intelligence if a robot makes it's choices wiser. So intelligence is a good choise. For a robot it means first mathematics and maps, then via their help scientifical kind of objectivity. Via better sensors and a picture of humans as animals with certain basic functions like eyesight, moving, thinking, memory, communication, feelings, goals, needs and values, a picture of the world and social bonding, via these and the social eye that needs to be developed for communicational purposes, robots could across time understand also human needs and the behaviour related to the various human needs. An objective view much like bureaucrats have ("You need these things in your life, what are the ways available for you to get them? Let's arrange a possibility for you to get them in harmony with the rest of the society.") could allow robot-made peaceful solutions that tae into account the real dynamics of humans.
Like in human societies, a certain amount of independent judgement ability for a robot, could safeguard the cooperating group against malfunctions and misleading information. Each robot ought to have a good practical picture of what it itself does and why, and a much more vague idea of the whole group, it's actions, their place in the world, a holistic theoretical picture of the whole world that allows optimizing toward moral, and an understanding of why the choices of it's group are the best ones in such a situation - it could also communicate about these things, even suggest better options.
A war situation in mechanical language is of the type "do I do this or that, how much of this and how much of that, what is the goal setting, how do I reach it this way, is there better option,...". A robot does decisions like stay here, move, shout, shoot, use the radio, take cover, choose another route, stay clear of other robot's way, watch the landscape, etc. Of these it can do too much, too little or ok. It can choose all wrong or even roughly right. If it has movements that can have a threatening or non-threatening style according to the situation, it can herd the situation toward wanted results, also toward communication and peaceful agreeable solutions. In optimization worst threaths are fought against and lots of room left for wanted peaceful solutions that are helped with communication and secure bases for one's own groups (unless retreat is sought for).