How to Write a Summary
A "stand-alone" summary is a summary produced to show a teacher that you have read and understood something. It is common in many 100 and 200 level classes to get assignments that ask you to read a certain number of articles and summarize them. This is also a very common type of writing assignment in graduate school.
How to produce a summary:
1.Read the article to be summarized and be sure you understand it.
2.Outline the article. Note the major points.
3.Write a first draft of the summary without looking at the article.
4.Always use paraphrase when writing a summary. If you do copy a phrase from the original be sure it is a very important phrase that is necessary and cannot be paraphrased. In this case put "quotation marks" around the phrase.
5.Target your first draft for approximately 1/4 the length of the original.
The features of a summary:
1.Start your summary with a clear identification of the type of work, title, author, and main point in the present tense.
Example: In the feature article "Four Kinds of Reading," the author, Donald Hall, explains his opinion about different types of reading.
2.Check with your outline and your original to make sure you have covered the important points.
3.Never put any of your own ideas, opinions, or interpretations into the summary. This means you have to be very careful of your word choice.
4. Write using "summarizing language." Periodically remind your reader that this is a summary by using phrases such as the article claims, the author suggests, etc.
4.Write a complete bibliographic citation at the beginning of your summary. A complete bibliographic citation includes as a minimum, the title of the work, the author, the source. Use APA format.
by schoolgirlforreal 7 years ago
I have 53 left out of 177!I never knew we were to write summaries!
by Loraine Brummer 19 months ago
Which is the most important for search engine searches: the Hub summary or the first paragraph of the Hub? I thought the summary was most important, but I notice that sometimes searches show the first sentences in the hub. Are both equally important?
by Johanna Anderson 6 years ago
I have published two hubs, and both of them have lost points for not having summaries. I'm not against writing a summary, if I can do it without simply being redundant. Would you be willing to critique these and give concrete examples of what good summaries would look like?Another...
by kerryg 7 years ago
I used to have an eHow account, but when they closed the Writer's Compensation Program back in May/June, I removed my articles from the site and deleted my account.A couple days ago, I republished one of the articles here, and yesterday I got an email informing me that the hub had been unpublished...
by Mishael Austin Witty 6 years ago
How much would you charge for a summary of one of your hubs?Okay...I've just recently been contacted by someone who wants to pay me to write a half-page summary of one of my own hubs. And he's asking me how much I would charge... The problem is I usually charge by the word, but it's going to take...
by Geri McClymont 6 months ago
The character limit for our article summary is 300 characters, yet only a portion of those characters show up beside our article on our profile page. Does anyone know if it is advantageous --in terms of generating more views--to leave our article summary at 300 characters (and not worry about a...
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