It doesn't matter, as mankind has not been able to control either man made or natural events.
The history of the Earth proves that change happens regardless of the environment. It also proves that there was no real design for the Earth, or even the Universe. Chaos is the general rule.
Do you really think that 8.0 earthquakes, Tsunami generated earthquakes. flooding, meteor craters, drought, and other so called Acts of God is consistent with a Design?
So, when the environment goes wanky, what tools do we have to deal with it. Take carbon credits, really, what does that accomplish?
Taxing is not a solution to anything.